Geoffrey L. Bird, MD, MSIS, FAAP

Geoffrey L. Bird, MD, is an attending physician with special interest in cardiac intensive care and extracorporeal support.

Areas of Expertise: Cardiac intensive care medicine, Extracorporeal Support, International Collaboration, Patient safety
Locations: Main Campus
Phone: 215-590-4040

  • Education and Training

    Medical School

    Georgetown University, Washington, DC


    Chief Resident, St. Christopher's Hospital, Philadelphia, Pa.


    The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pa.
    Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK

    Board Certification

    American Board of Pediatrics
    American Board of Pediatrics/Critical Care
    American Board of Pediatrics/Pediatric Cardiology

    Graduate Degree

    Drexel University, College of Information Science and Technology, Philadelphia, Pa.

  • Titles and Academic Titles

    Attending Physician

    Assistant Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

  • Departments and Services
  • Research Interests

    Perioperative Care of Tetralogy of Fallot
    Information Systems
    High Resolution Physiologic Data Capture and Analysis
    Leadership, Team Dynamics, Human Factors

  • Publications


    Successful support and separation from veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support in a three month-old patient following bidirectional Glenn procedure. Ryan LP, Montenegro LM, Bird GL, Gruber PJ. Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2010 Jun 30. Read abstract

    Licht DJ, Shera DM, Clancy RR, Wernovsky G, Montenegro LM, Nicolson SC, Zimmerman RA, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Vossough A. Brain maturation is delayed in infants with complex congenital heart defects. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2009 Mar;137(3):529-36; discussion 536-7.

    Bird GL, Jeffries HE, Licht DJ, Wernovsky G, Weinberg PM, Pizarro C, Stellin G. Neurological complications associated with the treatment of patients with congenital cardiac disease: consensus definitions from the Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease. Cardiol Young. 2008 Dec;18 Suppl 2:234-9. Read abstract.

    Hehir DA, Dominguez TE, Ballweg JA, Ravishankar C, Marino BS, Bird GL, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Tabbutt S. Risk factors for interstage death after stage 1 reconstruction of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Jul;136(1):94-9, 99.e1-3. Epub 2008 May 22. Read abstract.

    Wernovsky G, Kuijpers M, Van Rossem MC, Marino BS, Ravishankar C, Dominguez T, Godinez RI, Dodds KM, Ittenbach RF, Nicolson SC, Bird GL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Tabbutt S.  Postoperative course in the cardiac intensive care unit following the first stage of Norwood reconstruction. Cardiol Young. 2007 Dec;17(6):652-65. Epub 2007 Nov 7. PMID: 17986364. Read abstract

    Ballweg JA, Dominguez TE, Ravishankar C, Kreutzer J, Marino BS, Bird GL, Gruber PJ, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Tabbutt S.  A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left  heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at stage 2 reconstruction. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Aug;134(2):297-303. PMID: 17662765. Read abstract

    Marino BS, Bird GL, Wernovsky G.  Diagnosis and management of the newborn with suspected congenital heart  disease. Clin Perinatol. 2001 Mar;28(1):91-136. Review. PMID: 11265513. Read abstract