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Amenorrhea

What is amenorrhea?

Amenorrhea is a menstrual condition characterized by absent menstrual periods for more than three monthly menstrual cycles. Amenorrhea may be classified as primary or secondary.

What causes amenorrhea?

There are several possible causes of amenorrhea, including the following:

How is amenorrhea diagnosed?

Diagnosis begins with a gynecologist evaluating a female's medical history and a complete physical examination including a pelvic examination. A diagnosis of amenorrhea can only be certain when the physician rules out other menstrual disorders, medical conditions, or medications that may be causing or aggravating the condition. In addition, a diagnosis of amenorrhea requires that a female has missed at least three consecutive menstrual cycles, without being pregnant. Young women who have not had their first menstrual period by the age of 16 should be evaluated promptly, as making an early diagnosis and starting treatment as soon as possible is very important.

Treatment for amenorrhea:

Specific treatment for amenorrhea will be determined by your physician based on:

Treatment for amenorrhea may include:

In most cases, physicians will induce menstruation in non-pregnant females who have missed two or more consecutive menstrual periods, because of the danger posed to the uterus if the non-fertilized egg and endometrium lining are not expelled. Without this monthly expulsion, the risk of uterine cancer increases.

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