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Anatomy and Physiology of the Throat

What is the throat?

The throat (pharynx and larynx) is a ring-like muscular tube that acts as the passageway for air, food and liquid. It is located behind the nose and mouth and connects the mouth (oral cavity) and nose to the breathing passages (trachea (windpipe) and lungs) and the esophagus (eating tube). The throat also helps in forming speech.

Internal throat diagram

The throat contains the:

Reviewed by: Steven D. Handler, MD, MBE
Date: April 2009

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