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Anatomy of the Respiratory System

Anatomy of the respiratory system, child

What is respiration?

Respiration is the act of breathing:

What makes up the respiratory system?

The respiratory system is made up of the organs involved in the interchanges of gases and consists of the:

The upper respiratory tract includes the following:

The lower respiratory tract includes the following:

What is the function of the lungs?

The lungs take in oxygen, which cells need to live and carry out their normal functions. The lungs also get rid of carbon dioxide, a waste product of the body's cells.

The lungs are a pair of cone-shaped organs made up of spongy, pinkish-gray tissue. They take up most of the space in the chest, or the thorax (the part of the body between the base of the neck and diaphragm).

The lungs are enveloped in a membrane called the pleura.

The lungs are separated from each other by the mediastinum, an area that contains the following:

The right lung has three sections, called lobes. The left lung has two lobes. When you breathe, the air:

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