Folliculitis is the inflammation of hair follicles due to an infection, injury, or irritation. It is characterized by tender, swollen areas that form around hair follicles, often on the neck, breasts, buttocks, and face.
Boils are pus-filled lesions that are painful and usually firm. Boils are usually located in the waist area, groin, buttocks, and under the arm.
Carbuncles are clusters of boils. These are usually found in the back of the neck or thigh.
The following are the most common symptoms of folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles. However, each child may experience symptoms differently.
Symptoms for folliculitis may include:
Symptoms for boils may include:
Symptoms for carbuncles (clusters of boils) may include:
The symptoms of folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles may resemble other skin conditions. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.
Diagnosis of folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles are made by your child's physician after a thorough medical history and physical examination. After examining the lesions, your child's physician may culture the wounds (obtain a sample of the drainage of the wound, allow it to grow in the laboratory, and identify specific bacteria) to help verify the diagnosis and to help in selecting the best treatment.
Specific treatment for folliculitis, boils, and carbuncles will be determined by your child's physician based on:
Treatment may include:
Carbuncles heal more slowly than a single boil. Keeping the skin clean helps to prevent these conditions from occurring.