Osgood-Schlatter disease is an overuse condition or injury of the knee that causes pain and swelling below the knee area over the shin bone.
Osgood-Schlatter disease is characterized by inflammation of the patellar tendon and surrounding soft tissues. It is caused by the constant pulling of the patellar tendon on the area below the knee where the tendon attaches.
Osgood-Schlatter disease is seen in the growing child and adolescent, particularly those who participate in athletics. This is an age where the bones are typically growing faster than the muscles and tendons. As a result, the muscles and tendons have a tendency to become tight.
Osgood-Schlatter disease is most often seen in preteen and teenage boys from 10 to 15 years old. It is common in young athletes who play games or sports that involve running, jumping, or going up and down stairs. Adolescent athletes who are affected are most often involved in football, soccer, basketball, gymnastics, or ballet.
Factors which increase the likelihood of Osgood-Schlatter disease may include the following:
The symptoms of Osgood-Schlatter disease may resemble other conditions or medical problems of the knee. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis. Symptoms may include:
In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for Osgood-Schlatter disease may include:
Specific treatment for Osgood-Schlatter disease will be determined by your child's physician based on:
The goal of treatment is to control the knee pain and limit the child's activities that could aggravate the condition. Treatment may include:
Osgood-Schlatter disease often resolves with time. Rarely is surgery required for this condition.