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Pneumonia

What is pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs caused by bacteria, viruses, or chemical irritants. It is a serious infection or inflammation in which the air sacs fill with pus and other liquid.

Anatomy of the respiratory system, child

Facts about pneumonia:

What are the different types of pneumonia?

The main types of pneumonia are:

What are the symptoms of pneumonia?

In addition to the symptoms listed above, all pneumonias share the following symptoms. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms may include:

The symptoms of pneumonia may resemble other problems or medical conditions. Always consult your child's physician for a diagnosis.

How is pneumonia diagnosed?

Diagnosis is usually made based on the season and the extent of the illness. Based on these factors, your physician may diagnose simply on a thorough history and physical examination, but may include the following tests to confirm the diagnosis:

Treatment for pneumonia:

Specific treatment for pneumonia will be determined by your child's physician based on:

Treatment may include antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia. Antibiotics may also speed recovery from mycoplasma pneumonia and some special cases. There is no clearly effective treatment for viral pneumonia, which usually resolves on its own.

Other treatment may include:

Some children may be treated in the hospital if they are having severe breathing problems. While in the hospital, treatment may include:

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