Orthopedics Publications

Physicians and researchers from the Division of Orthopedics at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia are actively researching congenital and acquired orthopedic conditions that affect children, teens and young adults. They hope to better understand the causes of certain disorders, uncover new treatments, refine supportive therapies, and improve the quality of life for all children with conditions that affect their bones, muscles and joints.

Below is a list of recent publications by the members of the Division of Orthopedics and its partners, the Center for Sports Medicine and Performance and the Center for Thoracic Insufficiency Syndrome.


Anakwenze OA, Baldwin K, Milby AH, Warrender W, Shulman B, Abboud JA. Arthroscopic repair of large rotator cuff tears using the double-row technique: an analysis of surgeon experience on efficiency and outcomes. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013 Jan;22(1):26-31. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2012.03.010. Epub 2012 May 29.

Anakwenze OA, Kancherla V, Baldwin K, Levine WN, Mehta S. Orthopaedic Residency Applications Increase After Implementation of 80-hour Workweek. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2013 Jan 15. [Epub ahead of print]

Baldwin KD, Scherl SA. Orthopaedic aspects of child abuse. Instr Course Lect. 2013;62:399-403.

Cantley L, Saunders C, Guttenberg M, Candela ME, Ohta Y, Yasuhara R, Kondo N, Sgariglia F, Asai S, Zhang X, Qin L, Hecht JT, Chen D, Yamamoto M, Toyosawa S, Dormans JP, Esko JD, Yamaguchi Y, Iwamoto M, Pacifici M, Enomoto-Iwamoto M. Loss of β-catenin induces multifocal periosteal chondroma-like masses in mice. Am J Pathol. 2013 Mar;182(3):917-27. doi: 10.1016/j.ajpath.2012.11.012. Epub 2012 Dec 25.

Kamath AF, Gutsche JT, Kornfield ZN, Baldwin KD, Kosseim LM, Israelite CL. Prospective Study of Unplanned Admission to the Intensive Care Unit after Total Hip Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2013 Mar 15. pii: S0883-5403(13)00138-1. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2013.01.011. [Epub ahead of print]

Kanj WW, Flynn JM, Spiegel DA, Dormans JP, Baldwin KD. Vancomycin prophylaxis of surgical site infection in clean orthopedic surgery. Orthopedics. 2013 Feb;36(2):138-46. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20130122-10.

Lawrence JT, Patel NM, Macknin J, Flynn JM, Cameron D, Wolfgruber HC, Ganley TJ. Return to competitive sports after medial epicondyle fractures in adolescent athletes: results of operative and nonoperative treatment. Am J Sports Med. 2013 Mar 18. [Epub ahead of print]

Lee EK, Namdari S, Hosalkar HS, Keenan MA, Baldwin KD. Clinical results of the excision of heterotopic bone around the elbow: a systematic review. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2013 Feb 1. pii: S1058-2746(12)00546-0. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2012.11.020. [Epub ahead of print]

Miller R, Beck NA, Sampson NR, Zhu X, Flynn JM, Drummond D. Imaging modalities for low back pain in children: a review of spondyloysis and undiagnosed mechanical back pain. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Apr;33(3):282-8. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e318287fffb.

McLeod LM, Keren R, Gerber J, French B, Song L, Sampson NR, Flynn J, Dormans JP. Perioperative antibiotic use for spinal surgeries in U.S. children's hospitals. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2013 Jan 30. [Epub ahead of print]

Namdari S, Rabinovich R, Scolaro J, Baldwin K, Bhandari M, Mehta S. Absorbable and non-absorbable cement augmentation in fixation of intertrochanteric femur fractures: systematic review of the literature. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2013 Apr;133(4):487-94. doi: 10.1007/s00402-012-1677-2. Epub 2013 Jan 13.

Weiss JM, Arkader A, Wells LM, Ganley TJ. Rotator cuff injuries in adolescent athletes. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2013 Mar;22(2):133-7. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e3283547001.

Williams BA, Asghar J, Matsumoto H, Flynn JM, Roye DP Jr, Vitale MG. More experienced surgeons less likely to fuse: a focus group review of 315 hypothetical EOS cases. J Pediatr Orthop. 2013 Jan;33(1):68-74. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e318279c501.

Womer RB, West DC, Krailo MD, Dickman PS, Pawel BR, Grier HE, Marcus K, Sailer S, Healey JH, Dormans JP, Weiss AR. Randomized controlled trial of interval-compressed chemotherapy for the treatment of localized Ewing sarcoma: a report from the Children's Oncology Group. J Clin Oncol. 2012 Nov 20;30(33):4148-54. doi: 10.1200/JCO.2011.41.5703. Epub 2012 Oct 22. 


Baldwin K, Namdari S, Hosalkar H, Spiegel DA, Keenan MA. What's New in Orthopaedic Rehabilitation. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Nov 21;94(22):2106-11. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.L.00948.

Baldwin KD, Bernstein J, Ahn J, McKay SD, Sankar WN. Level of evidence gap in orthopedic research. Orthopedics. 2012 Sep;35(9):e1416-9. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20120822-31.

Baldwin K, Tjoumakaris FP. Suprapatellar pouch ganglion cyst managed with arthroscopic excision: a case report. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2012 Jun;41(6):274-6.

Baldwin KD, Kovatch K, Namdari S, Sankar W, Flynn JM, Dormans JP. The 50 most cited articles in pediatric orthopedic surgery. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2012 Sep;21(5):463-8. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e328354b0cf.

Chambers HG, Shea KG, Anderson AF, Jojo Brunelle TJ, Carey JL, Ganley TJ, Paterno M, Sanders JO, Watters WC 3rd, Goldberg MJ, Keith MW, Turkelson CM, Wies JL, Raymond L, Boyer KM, Hitchcock K, Sluka P, Boone C, Patel N; American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons clinical practice guideline on: the diagnosis and treatment of osteochondritis dissecans. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Jul 18;94(14):1322-4. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.9414ebo.

Diab M, Smucny M, Dormans JP, Erickson MA, Ibrahim K, Lenke LG, Sucato DJ, Sanders JO. Use and outcomes of wound drain in spinal fusion for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 May 15;37(11):966-73. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e31823bbf0b.

Elliott RM, Baldwin KD, Foroohar A, Levin LS. The impact of residency and fellowship training on the practice of microsurgery by members of the American Society for Surgery of the Hand. Ann Plast Surg. 2012 Oct;69(4):451-8. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e318248036d.

Farrell C, Rubin DM, Downes K, Dormans J, Christian CW. Symptoms and time to medical care in children with accidental extremity fractures. Pediatrics. 2012 Jan;129(1):e128–133. Epub 2011 Dec 5.

Franklin CC, Robinson J, Noonan K, Flynn JM. Evidence-based medicine: management of pediatric forearm fractures. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Sep;32 Suppl 2:S131-4. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e318259543b.

Flynn JM, Matsumoto H, Torres F, Ramirez N, Vitale MG. Psychological dysfunction in children who require repetitive surgery for early onset scoliosis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Sep;32(6):594-9. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e31826028ea.

Gjolaj JP, Sponseller PD, Shah SA, Newton PO, Flynn JM, Neubauer PR, Marks MC, Bastrom TP. Spinal deformity correction in Marfan syndrome versus adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: learning from the differences. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Mar 15.

Gholve PA, Flynn JM, Garner MR, Millis MB, Kim YJ. Predictors for secondary procedures in walking DDH. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Apr;32(3):282–289.

Greenberg EM, Albaugh J, Ganley TJ, Lawrence JT. Rehabilitation considerations for all epiphyseal ACL reconstruction. Int J Sports Phys Ther. 2012 Apr;7(2):185-96.

Hsu JE, Baldwin KD, Tannast M, Hosalkar H. What is the evidence supporting the prevention of osteoarthritis and improved femoral coverage after shelf procedure for Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012 Sep;470(9):2421-30. doi: 10.1007/s11999-011-2220-4.

Kamath AF, McAuliffe CL, Baldwin KD, Lucas JB, Kosseim LM, Israelite CL. Unplanned admission to the intensive care unit after total hip arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty. 2012 Jun;27(6):1027-32.e1-2. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2012.01.004. Epub 2012 Mar 6.

Magnussen RA, Lawrence JT, West RL, Toth AP, Taylor DC, Garrett WE. Graft size and patient age are predictors of early revision after anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction with hamstring autograft. Arthroscopy. 2012 Apr;28(4):526-31. doi: 10.1016/j.arthro.2011.11.024. Epub 2012 Feb 1.

McKay SD, Al-Omari A, Tomlinson LA, Dormans JP. Review of cervical spine anomalies in genetic syndromes. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Mar 1;37(5):E269–277.

Miller RA, Sampson NR, Flynn JM. The prevalence of defensive orthopaedic imaging: a prospective practice audit in Pennsylvania. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Feb 1;94(3):e18.

Namdari S, Voleti P, Baldwin K, Glaser D, Huffman GR. Latissimus dorsi tendon transfer for irreparable rotator cuff tears: a systematic review. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 May 16;94(10):891-8. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.K.00841.

Namdari S, Horneff JG, Baldwin K, Keenan MA. Muscle releases to improve passive motion and relieve pain in patients with spastic hemiplegia and elbow flexion contractures. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012 Oct;21(10):1357-62. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.09.029. Epub 2012 Jan 2.

Namdari S, Alosh H, Baldwin K, Mehta S, Keenan MA. Outcomes of tendon fractional lengthenings to improve shoulder function in patients with spastic hemiparesis. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2012 May;21(5):691-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.03.026. Epub 2011 Jun 29.

Patel NM, Park MJ, Sampson NR, Ganley TJ. Tibial eminence fractures in children: earlier posttreatment mobilization results in improved outcomes. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Mar;32(2):139–144.

Patel NM, Ganley TJ. Medial epicondyle fractures of the humerus: how to evaluate and when to operate. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Jun;32 Suppl 1:S10-3. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e31824b2530.

Patel NM, Cody SR, Ganley TJ. Symptomatic bilateral discoid menisci in children: a comparison with unilaterally symptomatic patients. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Jan-Feb;32(1):5-8. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e31823d3500.

Pretell-Mazzini J, Chikwava KR, Dormans JP. Low back pain in a child associated with acute onset cauda equina syndrome: a rare presentation of an aggressive vertebral hemangioma: a case report. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Apr;32(3):271–6.

Pretell Mazzini J, Beck N, Brewer J, Baldwin K, Sankar W, Flynn J. Distal metaphyseal radius fractures in children following closed reduction and casting: can loss of reduction be predicted? Int Orthop. 2012 Jul;36(7):1435-40. doi: 10.1007/s00264-012-1493-x. Epub 2012 Feb 4.

Sankar WN, Schoenecker JG, Mayfield ME, Kim YJ, Millis MB. Acetabular retroversion in Down syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Apr;32(3):277–281.

Sankar WN, Laird CT, Baldwin KD. Hip range of motion in children: what is the norm? J Pediatr Orthop. 2012 Jun;32(4):399-405. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3182519683.

Schenker ML, Yannascoli S, Baldwin KD, Ahn J, Mehta S. Does timing to operative debridement affect infectious complications in open long-bone fractures? A systematic review. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2012 Jun 20;94(12):1057-64. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.K.00582.

Sewick A, Makani A, Wu C, O'Donnell J, Baldwin KD, Lee GC. Does dual antibiotic prophylaxis better prevent surgical site infections in total joint arthroplasty? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2012 Oct;470(10):2702-7.

Sparrow DB, Chapman G, Smith AJ, Mattar MZ, Major JA, O'Reilly VC, Saga Y, Zackai EH, Dormans JP, Alman BA, McGregor L, Kageyama R, Kusumi K, Dunwoodie SL. A mechanism for gene-environment interaction in the etiology of congenital scoliosis. Cell. 2012 Apr 13;149(2):295-306. doi: 10.1016/j.cell.2012.02.054. Epub 2012 Apr 5.

Stricker PA, Sestokas AK, Schwartz D, Bhalodia V, Pahwa A, Dormans JP, LaBrant LL, Burgess BJ, Wickham Kraemer F, Ganesh A. Effects of intrathecal morphine on transcranial electric motor-evoked potentials in adolescents undergoing posterior spinal fusion. Anesth Analg. 2012 Jul;115(1):160-9. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e31824e5d86. Epub 2012 Mar 30.

Ughwanogho E, Patel NM, Baldwin KD, Sampson NR, Flynn JM. Computed tomography-guided navigation of thoracic pedicle screws for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis results in more accurate placement and less screw removal. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Apr 15;37(8):E473-8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e318238bbd9.

Voleti PB, Baldwin KD, Lee GC. Metal-on-metal vs conventional total hip arthroplasty: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. J Arthroplasty. 2012 Dec;27(10):1844-9. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2012.05.023. Epub 2012 Jul 6.

Voleti PB, Donegan DJ, Baldwin KD, Lee GC. Level of evidence of presentations at American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons annual meetings. J Bone Joint Surg Am.

Wang TY, Dormans JP, Chang B. Soft-tissue optimization of limb salvage with knee endoprosthesis: the 10-year experience at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. Ann Plast Surg. 2012 Nov;69(5):560-4. doi: 10.1097/SAP.0b013e3182223d5b. 


Akbarnia BA, Campbell RM, DiMeglio A, Flynn JM, Redding GJ, Sponseller PD, Vitale MG, Yazici M. Fusionless procedures for the management of early-onset spine deformities in 2011: what do we know? J Child Orthop. 2011 Jun;5(3):159-72. doi: 10.1007/s11832-011-0342-6. Epub 2011 Apr 27.

Anakwenze OA, Trivedi V, Goodman AM, Ganley TJ. Concealed degloving injury (the Morel-Lavallée lesion) in childhood sports: a case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Dec 21;93(24):e148.

Anakwenze OA, Auerbach JD, Buck DW, Garg S, Simon SL, Sutton LN, Sponseller PD, Dormans JP. The role of concurrent fusion to prevent spinal deformity after intramedullary spinal cord tumor excision in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jul–Aug;31(5):475–9.

Baldwin K, Pandya NK, Wolfgruber H, Drummond DS, Hosalkar HS. Femur fractures in the pediatric population: abuse or accidental trauma? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Mar;469(3):798–804.

Baldwin K, Hsu JE, Wenger DR, Hosalkar HS. Treatment of femur fractures in school-aged children using elastic stable intramedullary nailing: a systematic review. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2011 Sep;20(5):303-8. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e32834671d0.

Baldwin K, Namdari S, Bowers A, Keenan MA, Levin LS, Ahn J. Factors affecting interest in orthopedics among female medical students: a prospective analysis. Orthopedics. 2011 Dec 6;34(12):e919-32. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20111021-17.

Baldwin K, Namdari S, Esterhai JL, Mehta S. Venous thromboembolism in patients with blunt trauma: are comprehensive guidelines the answer? Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 2011 May;40(5):E83-7.

Baldwin K, Namdari S, Donegan D, Kamath AF, Mehta S. Early effects of resident work-hour restrictions on patient safety: a systematic review and plea for improved studies. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Jan 19;93(2):e5. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.J.00367.

Baldwin KD, Matuszewski PE, Namdari S, Esterhai JL, Mehta S. Does morbid obesity negatively affect the hospital course of patients undergoing treatment of closed, lower-extremity diaphyseal long-bone fractures? Orthopedics. 2011 Jan 3;34(1):18. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20101123-03.

Baldwin K, Hosalkar HS, Donegan DJ, Rendon N, Ramsey M, Keenan MA. Surgical resection of heterotopic bone about the elbow: an institutional experience with traumatic and neurologic etiologies. J Hand Surg Am. 2011 May;36(5):798-803. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2011.01.015. Epub 2011 Apr 2.

Chambers HG, Shea KG, Anderson AF, Brunelle TJ, Carey JL, Ganley TJ, Paterno MV, Weiss JM, Sanders JO, Watters WC 3rd, Goldberg MJ, Keith MW, Turkelson CM, Wies JL, Raymond L, Boyer KM, Hitchcock K, Anderson S, Sluka P, Boone C, Patel N; American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons. Diagnosis and treatment of osteochondritis dissecans. J Am Acad Orthop Surg. 2011 May;19(5):297-306.

Derman PB, Kulkarni SS, Dormans JP. Orthopaedic manifestations in a case of Lenz microphthalmia syndrome. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Sep;31(6):e64-9. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3182210923.

Diab M, Landman Z, Lubicky J, Dormans J, Erickson M, Richards BS; members of the Spinal Deformity Study Group. Use and Outcome of MRI in the Surgical Treatment of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Apr 15;36(8):667–71.

Flynn JM, Garner MR, Jones KJ, D’Italia J, Davidson RS, Ganley TJ, Horn BD, Spiegel D, Wells L. The treatment of low-energy femoral shaft fractures: a prospective study comparing the “walking spica” with the traditional spica cast. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Dec 7;93(23):2196–2202.

Flynn JM, Bashyal RK, Yeger-McKeever M, Garner MR, Launay F, Sponseller PD. Acute traumatic compartment syndrome of the leg in children: diagnosis and outcome. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 May 18;93(10):937–41.

Foroohar A, Elliott RM, Fei L, Steinberg DR, Bozentka DJ, Chang B, Kovach SJ, Shaked A, Levin LS. Quadrimembral amputation: indications and contraindications for vascularized composite allotransplantation. Transplant Proc. 2011 Nov;43(9):3521–3528.

Hamula M, Pappas N, Thomas K, Dormans J. Orthopaedic case of the month: Elbow pain in a 9-year-old boy. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Nov;469(11):3266-70. doi: 10.1007/s11999-011-2054-0.

Garner MR, Bhat SB, Khujanazarov I, Flynn JM, Spiegel D. Fixation of length-stable femoral shaft fractures in heavier children: flexible nails vs rigid locked nails. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jan–Feb;31(1):11–6.

Hsu JE, Namdari S, Baldwin KD, Esterhai JL, Mehta S. Is upper extremity trauma an independent risk factor for lower extremity venous thromboembolism? An 11-year experience at a Level I trauma center. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2011 Jan;131(1):27-32. doi: 10.1007/s00402-010-1094-3. Epub 2010 Apr 4.

Kamath AF, Baldwin K, Meade LK, Powell AC, Mehta S. The increased financial burden of further proposed orthopaedic resident work-hour reductions. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Apr 6;93(7):e31. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.01676.

Lawrence JT, Argawal N, Ganley TJ. Degeneration of the knee joint in skeletally immature patients with a diagnosis of an anterior cruciate ligament tear: is there harm in delay of treatment? Am J Sports Med. 2011 Sep 14.

Lawrence JT, West RL, Garrett WE. Growth disturbance following ACL reconstruction with use of an epiphyseal femoral tunnel: a case report. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2011 Apr 20;93(8):e39. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.J.00569.

Mather RC 3rd, Orlando LA, Henderson RA, Lawrence JT, Taylor DC. A Predictive Model of Shoulder Instability After a First-time Anterior Shoulder Dislocation. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2011 Mar;20(2):259–66.

Milewski MD, Beck NA, Lawrence JT, Ganley TJ. Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in the young athlete: a treatment algorithm for the skeletally immature. Clin Sports Med. 2011 Oct;30(4):801-10. doi: 10.1016/j.csm.2011.08.001. Epub 2011 Sep 13.

Namdari S, Ganley TJ, Baldwin K, Rendon Sampson N, Hosalkar H, Nikci V, Wells L. Fixation of displaced midshaft clavicle fractures in skeletally immature patients. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jul–Aug;31(5):507–11.

Namdari S, Voleti PB, Baldwin KD, Lee GC. Primary total joint arthroplasty performed in operating rooms following cases of known infection. Orthopedics. 2011 Sep 9;34(9):e541-5. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20110714-09.

Namdari S, Alosh H, Baldwin K, Glaser D, Kelly JD. Biological glenoid resurfacing for glenohumeral osteoarthritis: a systematic review. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2011 Oct;20(7):1184-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2011.04.031. Epub 2011 Jul 31.

Namdari S, Baldwin K, Ahn A, Huffman GR, Sennett BJ. Performance after rotator cuff tear and operative treatment: a case-control study of major league baseball pitchers. J Athl Train. 2011 May-Jun;46(3):296-302.

Namdari S, Scott K, Milby A, Baldwin K, Lee GC. Athletic performance after ACL reconstruction in the Women's National Basketball Association. Phys Sportsmed. 2011 Feb;39(1):36-41.

Namdari S, Baldwin KD, Matuszewski P, Esterhai JL, Mehta S. Delay in surgical debridement of open tibia fractures: an analysis of national practice trends. J Orthop Trauma. 2011 Mar;25(3):140-4. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0b013e3181e3dff1.

Namdari S, Alosh H, Baldwin K, Mehta S, Keenan MA. Shoulder tenotomies to improve passive motion and relieve pain in patients with spastic hemiplegia after upper motor neuron injury. J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2011 Jul;20(5):802-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2010.10.023. Epub 2011 Jan 13.

Pahlavan S, Baldwin KD, Pandya NK, Namdari S, Hosalkar H. Proximal humerus fractures in the pediatric population: a systematic review. J Child Orthop. 2011 Jun;5(3):187-94. doi: 10.1007/s11832-011-0328-4. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

Pandya NK, Baldwin K, Kamath AF, Wenger DR, Hosalkar HS. Unexplained fractures: child abuse or bone disease? A systematic review. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Mar;469(3):805-12. doi: 10.1007/s11999-010-1578-z.

Pretell-Mazzini J, Carrigan RB. Simultaneous distal radial fractures and carpal bones injuries in children: a review article. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2011 Sep;20(5):330–3.

Sanders JO, Diab M, Richards SB, Lenke LG, Johnston CE, Emans JB, Sucato DJ, Erickson MA, Bridwell KH, McCarthy RE, Sarwark JF, Dormans JP; Spinal Deformity Study Group. Fixation points within the main thoracic curve: does more instrumentation produce greater curve correction and improved results? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Oct 1;36(21):E1402–06.

Sankar WN, Skaggs DL, Yazici M, Johnston CE 2nd, Shah SA, Javidan P, Kadakia RV, Day TF, Akbarnia BA. Lengthening of dual growing rods and the law of diminishing returns. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 May 1;36(10):806–9.

Sankar WN, Young CR, Lin AG, Crow SA, Baldwin KD, Moseley CF. Risk factors for failure after open reduction for DDH: a matched cohort analysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Apr–May;31(3):232–9.

Sankar WN, Young CR, Lin AG, Crow SA, Baldwin KD, Moseley CF. Risk factors for failure after open reduction for DDH: a matched cohort analysis. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Apr-May;31(3):232-9. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e31820c9b31.

Sharma S, Gao X, Londono D, Devroy SE, Mauldin KN, Frankel JT, Brandon JM, Zhang D, Li QZ, Dobbs MB, Gurnett CA, Grant SF, Hakonarson H, Dormans JP, Herring JA, Gordon D, Wise CA. Genome-wide association studies of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis suggest candidate susceptibility genes. Hum Mol Genet. 2011 Apr 1;20(7):1456-66. doi: 10.1093/hmg/ddq571. Epub 2011 Jan 7.

Schwartz DM, Sestokas AK, Dormans JP, Vaccaro AR, Hilibrand AS, Flynn JM, Li PM, Shah SA, Welch W, Drummond DS, Albert TJ. Transcranial electric motor evoked potential monitoring during spine surgery: is it safe? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2011 Jun;36(13):1046–9.

Sharma S, Gao X, Londono D, Devroy SE, Mauldin KN, Frankel JT, Brandon JM, Zhang D, Li QZ, Dobbs MB, Gurnett CA, Grant SF, Hakonarson H, Dormans JP, Herring JA, Gordon D, Wise CA. Genome-wide association studies of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis suggest candidate susceptibility genes. Hum Mol Genet. 2011 Apr 1;20(7):1456–66.

Tjoumakaris FP, Ganley TJ, Kapur R, Kelly J, Sennett BJ, Bernstein J. Eminence-based medicine versus evidence-based medicine: level V evidence in sports medicine. Phys Sportsmed. 2011 Nov;39(4):124-30. doi: 10.3810/psm.2011.11.1944.

Wang TY, Dormans JP, Chang B. Soft-tissue optimization of limb salvage with knee endoprosthesis: the 10-year experience at The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia. Ann Plast Surg. 2011 Jul 5.

Zebala LP, Bridwell KH, Baldus C, Richards SB, Dormans JP, Lenke LG, Auerbach JD, Lovejoy J. Minimum 5-year radiographic results of long scoliosis fusion in juvenile spinal muscular atrophy patients: major curve progression after instrumented fusion. J Pediatr Orthop. 2011 Jul–Aug;31(5):480–8. 


Akbarnia BA, Blakemore LC, Campbell RM Jr, Dormans JP. Approaches for the very young child with spinal deformity: what's new and what works. Instr Course Lect. 2010;59:407-24.

Ahn J, Donegan DJ, Lawrence JT, Halpern SD, Mehta S. The future of the orthopaedic clinician-scientist: part II: Identification of factors that may influence orthopaedic residents' intent to perform research. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Apr;92(4):1041-6. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.00504.

Anakwenze OA, Namdari S, Auerbach JD, Baldwin K, Weidner ZD, Lonner BS, Huffman GR, Sennett BJ. Athletic performance outcomes following lumbar discectomy in professional basketball players. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Apr 1;35(7):825-8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181d3cf45.

Baldwin K, Pandya NK, Wolfgruber H, Drummond DS, Hosalkar HS. Femur fractures in the pediatric population: abuse or accidental trauma? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Mar;469(3):798-804. doi: 10.1007/s11999-010-1339-z.

Bowers AL, Horneff JG, Baldwin KD, Huffman GR, Sennett BJ. Thumb injuries in intercollegiate men's lacrosse. Am J Sports Med. 2010 Mar;38(3):527-31. doi: 10.1177/0363546509348754. Epub 2010 Jan 21.

Chan G, Arkader A, Kleposki R, Dormans JP. Case report: primary aneurysmal bone cyst of the epiphysis. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 Apr;468(4):1168-72. doi: 10.1007/s11999-010-1228-5. Epub 2010 Jan 27.

Donegan DJ, Gay AN, Baldwin K, Morales EE, Esterhai JL Jr, Mehta S. Use of medical comorbidities to predict complications after hip fracture surgery in the elderly. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Apr;92(4):807-13. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.00571.

Dormans JP. Establishing a standard of care for neuromonitoring during spinal deformity surgery. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2010 Dec 1;35(25):2180-5. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e3181eba84f.

Gregory JM, Arkader A, Bokhari A, Dormans JP. Case report: unicameral bone cysts in a young patient with acquired generalized lipodystrophy. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 May;468(5):1440-6. doi: 10.1007/s11999-009-1168-0. Epub 2009 Nov 19.

Hubert DM, Low DW, Serletti JM, Chang B, Dormans JP. Fibula free flap reconstruction of the pelvis in children after limb-sparing internal hemipelvectomy for bone sarcoma. Plast Reconstr Surg. 2010 Jan;125(1):195-200. doi: 10.1097/PRS.0b013e3181c2a607.

Jones KJ, Wiesel BB, Sankar WN, Ganley TJ. Arthroscopic management of osteochondritis dissecans of the capitellum: mid-term results in adolescent athletes. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Jan-Feb;30(1):8-13. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181c3be83.

Lawrence JT, Bowers AL, Belding J, Cody SR, Ganley TJ. All-epiphyseal anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction in skeletally immature patients. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 Jul;468(7):1971-7. doi: 10.1007/s11999-010-1255-2. Epub 2010 Feb 20.

Lawrence JT, Birmingham J, Toth AP. Emerging ideas: prevention of posttraumatic arthritis through interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor-alpha inhibition. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2011 Dec;469(12):3522-6. doi: 10.1007/s11999-010-1699-4. Epub 2010 Dec 16. 

Namdari S, Baldwin K, Glaser D, Green A. Does obesity affect early outcome of rotator cuff repair? J Shoulder Elbow Surg. 2010 Dec;19(8):1250-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jse.2010.03.003. Epub 2010 Jul 6.

Namdari S, Baldwin KD, Weinraub B, Mehta S. Changes in the number of resident publications after inception of the 80-hour work week. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 Aug;468(8):2278-83. doi: 10.1007/s11999-010-1252-5. Epub 2010 Feb 13.

Pappas N, Baldwin K, Keenan MA. Efficacy of median nerve recurrent branch neurectomy as an adjunct to ulnar motor nerve neurectomy and wrist arthrodesis at the time of superficialis to profundus transfer in prevention of intrinsic spastic thumb-in-palm deformity. J Hand Surg Am. 2010 Aug;35(8):1310-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2010.05.007.

Pappas N, Lawrence JT, Donegan D, Ganley T, Flynn JM. Intraobserver and interobserver agreement in the measurement of displaced humeral medial epicondyle fractures in children. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2010 Feb;92(2):322-7. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.I.00493.

Pandya NK, Baldwin KD, Wolfgruber H, Drummond DS, Hosalkar HS. Humerus fractures in the pediatric population: an algorithm to identify abuse. J Pediatr Orthop B. 2010 Nov;19(6):535-41. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0b013e32833ce424.

Park MJ, Baldwin K, Weiss-Laxer N, Christian JB, Mello MJ, Eberson C, Spiegel DA. Composite playground safety measure to correlate the rate of supracondylar humerus fractures with safety: an ecologic study. J Pediatr Orthop. 2010 Mar;30(2):101-5. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181d07689.

Ricchetti ET, Weidner Z, Lawrence JT, Sennett BJ, Huffman GR. Glenoid labral repair in Major League Baseball pitchers. Int J Sports Med. 2010 Apr;31(4):265-70. doi: 10.1055/s-0030-1247596. Epub 2010 Feb 10. 

Vander Have KL, Ganley TJ, Kocher MS, Price CT, Herrera-Soto JA. Arthrofibrosis after surgical fixation of tibial eminence fractures in children and adolescents. Am J Sports Med. 2010 Feb;38(2):298-301. doi: 10.1177/0363546509348001. Epub 2009 Dec 23.


Arkader A, Glotzbecker M, Hosalkar HS, Dormans JP. Primary musculoskeletal Langerhans cell histiocytosis in children: an analysis for a 3-decade period. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Mar;29(2):201-7.

Auerbach JD, Spiegel DA, Zgonis MH, Reddy SC, Drummond DS, Dormans JP, Flynn JM. The correction of pelvic obliquity in patients with cerebral palsy and neuromuscular scoliosis: Is there a benefit of anterior release prior to posterior spinal arthrodesis? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Oct 1;34(21):E766-74.

Baldwin K, Weidner Z, Ahn J, Mehta S. Are away rotations critical for a successful match in orthopaedic surgery? Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009 Dec;467(12):3340-5. doi: 10.1007/s11999-009-0920-9. Epub 2009 Jul 7.

Baldwin K, Namdari S, Andersen JR, Lee B, Itamura JM, Huffman GR. Luggage tag technique of anatomic fixation of displaced acromioclavicular joint separations. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2010 Jan;468(1):259-65. doi: 10.1007/s11999-009-0877-8. Epub 2009 May 7.

Baldwin KD, Babatunde OM, Russell Huffman G, Hosalkar HS. Open fractures of the tibia in the pediatric population: a systematic review. J Child Orthop. 2009 Jun;3(3):199-208. doi: 10.1007/s11832-009-0169-6. Epub 2009 Apr 3.

Campbell RM Jr. Spine deformities in rare congenital syndromes: clinical issues. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 1;34(17):1815-27.

Caubet JF, Emans JB, Smith JT, Vanbosse H, Ramirez N, Flynn J, Vitale M, Smith M, St Hilaire T, Klinge S. Increased hemoglobin levels in patients with early onset scoliosis: prevalence and effect of a treatment with Vertical Expandable Prosthetic Titanium Rib (VEPTR). Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Nov 1;34(23):2534-6.

Chan G, Dormans JP. Update on congenital spinal deformities: preoperative evaluation. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 1;34(17):1766-74. Review.

Ganley TJ. ACL reconstruction in adolescent and preadolescent patients. Orthopedics. 2009 Nov;32(11):833. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20090922-17.

Gregory JM, Arkader A, Bothari A, Dormans JP. Unicameral bone cysts in a young patient with acquired generalized lipodystrophy. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009 Nov 19. [Epub ahead of print]

Hosalkar HS, Greenbaum JN, Flynn JM, Cameron DB, Dormans JP, Drummond DS. Fractures of the odontoid in children with an open basilar synchondrosis. J Bone Joint Surg Br. 2009 Jun;91(6):789-96.

Kamath AF, Baldwin K, Horneff J, Hosalkar HS. Operative versus non-operative management of pediatric medial epicondyle fractures: a systematic review. J Child Orthop. 2009 Oct;3(5):345-57. doi: 10.1007/s11832-009-0192-7. Epub 2009 Aug 15.

Kamath AF, Componovo R, Baldwin K, Israelite CL, Nelson CL. Hip arthroscopy for labral tears: review of clinical outcomes with 4.8-year mean follow-up. Am J Sports Med. 2009 Sep;37(9):1721-7. doi: 10.1177/0363546509333078. Epub 2009 Jul 22.

Mik G, Arkader A, Manteghi A, Dormans JP. Results of a minimally invasive technique for treatment of unicameral bone cysts. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2009 Nov;467(11):2949-54. 2009 Aug 4.

Moore RE, Dormans JP, Drummond DS, Shore EM, Kaplan FS, Auerbach JD. Chin-on-chest deformity in patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva. A case series. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jun;91(6):1497-502.

Namdari S, Park MJ, Baldwin K, Hosalkar HS, Keenan MA. Effect of age, sex, and timing on correction of spastic equinovarus following cerebrovascular accident. Foot Ankle Int. 2009 Oct;30(10):923-7. doi: 10.3113/FAI.2009.0923.

Namdari S, Baldwin K, Anakwenze O, Park MJ, Huffman GR, Sennett BJ. Results and performance after microfracture in National Basketball Association athletes. Am J Sports Med. 2009 May;37(5):943-8. doi: 10.1177/0363546508330150. Epub 2009 Feb 26.

Pandya NK, Baldwin K, Wolfgruber H, Christian CW, Drummond DS, Hosalkar HS. Child abuse and orthopaedic injury patterns: analysis at a level I pediatric trauma center. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Sep;29(6):618-25. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0b013e3181b2b3ee.

Sankar WN, Neubuerger CO, Moseley CF. Femoral anteversion in developmental dysplasia of the hip. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Dec;29(8):885-8.

Sankar WN, Tang EY, Moseley CF. Predictors of the need for femoral shortening osteotomy during open treatment of developmental dislocation of the hip. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Dec;29(8):868-71.

Sankar WN, Skaggs DL, Emans JB, Marks DS, Dormans JP, Thompson GH, Shah SA, Sponseller PD, Akbarnia BA. Neurologic risk in growing rod spine surgery in early onset scoliosis: is neuromonitoring necessary for all cases? Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Aug 15;34(18):1952-5.

Skaggs DL, Sankar WN, Albrektson J, Wren TA, Campbell RM. Weight gain following vertical expandable prosthetic titanium ribs surgery in children with thoracic insufficiency syndrome. Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2009 Nov 1;34(23):2530-3.

Skaggs DL, Choi PD, Rice C, Emans J, Song KM, Smith JT, Campbell RM Jr. Efficacy of intraoperative neurologic monitoring in surgery involving a vertical expandable prosthetic titanium rib for early-onset spinal deformity. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2009 Jul;91(7):1657-63.

Wells L, Hosalkar HS, Crawford EA, Agrawal N, Goebel J, Dormans JP. Thorough debridement under endoscopic visualization with bone grafting and stabilization for femoral head osteonecrosis in children. J Pediatr Orthop. 2009 Jun;29(4):319-26.

Reviewed on April 17, 2014