Therapy is often recommended for children who have special healthcare and developmental needs, who have lived in institutions or foster homes, and who may have experienced abuse or neglect. Through various therapy, our team at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia helps facilitate the advancement of developmental skills, feeding, and nutrition.
Occupational therapy assists children improve self-help skills such as dressing, grooming, and feeding and eating. OT also assists children with improving fine motor skill and visual motor coordination in order to participate in coloring, cutting, and various age appropriate activities. In addition, OT evaluates sensory processing skills and provides strategies for the child and family maximize participation in daily life activities.
Physical therapy aims to improve a child's gross motor skill development, strength, balance, coordination, and range of motion. This includes assisting the child to sit, walk, run, and transition smoothly between all movements.
Speech language therapy works with children to develop communication skills through both verbal and non-verbal methods dependent on child's abilities. This also includes speech articulation. SLP does not teach the English language; this is the role of the ESL provider.
Vision Therapy assists the child to strengthen the eye muscles in order to better track, fix, and follow objects. This is important for visual motor tasks such as reading, following a ball with their eyes to participate in a game, etc.
Since post-institutionalized children may have been nutritionally deprived, nutrition therapy is useful for assisting the child and family with developing a balanced diet that includes the proper nutrients for adequate growth and development.