Congenital saccular cysts of the larynx is a rare condition that appears at birth. These cysts develop in the laryngeal saccule of the larynx. Their severity depends on size, location and degree to which they block the infant airway.
Congenital saccular cysts will be present at birth, but sometimes the symptoms are not severe for days or weeks. Symptoms include:
To diagnosis this condition, your child's doctor will perform a flexible fiberoptic exam while the child is awake. This will reveal any lesions in the larynx. An MRI is also helpful for defining the extent of the cyst. Definitive diagnosis and treatment is made by microlaryngoscopy and bronchoscopy.
See how saccular cysts appear in the pediatric airway.
Immediate treatment is usually necessary because of the severity of airway obstruction in the infant. Treatment will depend on the location of the cysts:
Repeat microlarnygoscopy and bronchoscopy is usually done one to two months later to make sure the cyst has not reformed.