Collect whole blood in a purple top (EDTA) tube.
Refrigerate sample until shipment. Send the sample at room temperature with overnight delivery for receipt Monday through Friday within 24 hours of collection.
Whole blood can be refrigerated until shipment.
Heparinized specimens, severely hemolyzed specimens, frozen, clotted or possibly commingled specimens, blood in non-sterile or leaky containers, mislabeled or inappropriately labeled specimens.
Do not heat, freeze or centrifuge blood before shipment. Refrigerate sample until shipment.
Mon - Fri 9:00am to 4:00pm
Pheochromocytomas (PCC) are catecholamine-secreting tumors that usually arise within the adrenal medulla. Approximately 10% arise in extraadrenal sympathetic ganglia, and are referred to as 'paragangliomas’ (PGL). Nine known susceptibility genes for PGL and PCC have been identified (VHL, NF1, RET, SDHA, SDHB, SDHC, SDHD, TMEM127, SDHAF2)
We offer DNA sequence analysis of the entire coding region. PCR amplification and sequencing is performed on all coding exons including splice junctions. The patient’s gene sequence is then compared to a reference sequence. Sequence variants are classified as mutations, variants of unknown significance or benign variants unrelated to disease. Variants of unknown significance may warrant further studies in the patient and other family members.
In 2011, germline mutations in the MAX gene were identified in several cases with pheochromocytoma and paraganglioma (Comino-Mendez et al., Nature Genet. 2011; 43: 663-667 and Burnichon et al., Clin Cancer Res. 2012; 18: 2828-2837). Missense, nonsense, splice site and indels in the MAX gene have been reported in 8% of of patients with no germline mutations in the known PCC genes, bilateral adrenal pheochromoctytoma, early age of presentation and/or a positive family history (Comino-Mendez et al. 2011). Another study in 2012 identified mutations in 1.12% of PCC and PGL patients without evidence of other known mutations (Burnichon et al., 2012).
Von Hippel-Lindau (Sequence and MLPA) - VHL
Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia MEN2 (Sequence) - RET
Hereditary Paraganglioma/Pheochromocytoma Panel (Sequence and MLPA) - SDHB, SDHC, and SDHD
Hereditary Paraganglioma/Pheochromocytoma (Sequence) - TMEM127
Hereditary Paraganglioma/Pheochromocytoma (Sequence) - SDHAF2
Test results with interpretation will be mailed and/or faxed to the referring physician or send out lab following completion of the test. Additional reports will be provided as requested.
The clinical utility of the assay is to support a clinical diagnosis of the disease, facilitate genetic counseling, and assess the risk to other first degree relatives and to facilitate testing of at - risk family members.
Whole blood in EDTA purple top tubes is the preferred sample. High molecular weight genomic DNA, cheek epithelial cells, or other samples containing DNA may be acceptable. Contact the laboratory for specific instructions regarding such samples before sending the sample.