Collect whole blood in a purple top (EDTA) tube.
Refrigerate sample until shipment. Send the sample at room temperature with overnight delivery for receipt Monday through Friday within 24 hours of collection.
Whole blood can be refrigerated until shipment.
Heparinized specimens, severely hemolyzed specimens, frozen, clotted or possibly commingled specimens, blood in non-sterile or leaky containers, mislabeled or inappropriately labeled specimens.
Do not heat, freeze or centrifuge blood before shipment. Refrigerate sample until shipment.
Mon - Fri 9:00am to 4:00pm
Within 10 days
Coagulation factor II is proteolytically cleaved to form thrombin in the first step of the coagulation cascade which ultimately results in clot formation. Factor II also plays a role in maintaining vascular integrity during development and postnatal life. Mutations in factor II lead to various forms of thrombosis and dysprothrobinemia. Factors that predispose to thrombosis in G20210A heterozygotes include: the number of prothrombin G20210A alleles; presence of coexisting genetic abnormalities, such as factor V Leiden; and acquired thrombophilic disorders, such as hyperhomocysteinemia (plasma concentrations of homocysteine >12 µmol/L). Circumstantial risk factors for thrombosis include pregnancy and oral contraceptive use.
The factor II gene is located on chromosome 11p11-q12. The mutation is a single nucleotide polymorphism at nucleotide 20210 (G>A). The prothrombin g.20210G>A mutation is the second most commonly identified inherited thrombophilia risk factor after factor V Leiden. The prothrombin mutation is rare in the Asian and African American population and is found more frequently in individuals of southern European descent. The clinical expression of prothrombin thromophilia is variable; many individuals heterozygous or homozygous for the g.20210G>A allele never develop thrombosis, and while most G20210A heterozygotes who develop thrombotic complications remain asymptomatic until adulthood, some have recurrent thromboembolism before age 30 years. Presence or absence of the factor II (prothrombin) mutation does not rule out mutations in other genes involved in APC resistance (ie, factor V Leiden).
We detect the g.20210G>A single nucleotide polymorphism using sequence analysis.
The detection rate for sequencing is 100% of factor II genotypes at nucleotide 20210.
We offer the following tests related to Inherited Thrombophilia:
Factor V Leiden (c.1691G>A; p.Arg506Glu)
Test results with interpretation will be mailed and/or faxed to the referring physician or send out lab following completion of the test. Additional reports will be provided as requested.
The clinical utility of the assay is to identify a genetic risk factor for patients who have had a hyper coagulation episode, quantify risk, and to determine the need to avoid other environmental risk factors.
Whole blood in EDTA purple top tubes is the preferred sample. High molecular weight genomic DNA, cheek epithelial cells, or other samples containing DNA may be acceptable. Contact the laboratory for specific instructions regarding such samples before sending the sample.