Collect whole blood in a purple top (EDTA) tube.
Refrigerate sample until shipment. Send the sample at room temperature with overnight delivery for receipt Monday through Friday within 24 hours of collection.
Whole blood can be refrigerated until shipment.
Heparinized specimens, severely hemolyzed specimens, frozen, clotted or possibly commingled specimens, blood in non-sterile or leaky containers, mislabeled or inappropriately labeled specimens.
Do not heat, freeze or centrifuge blood before shipment. Refrigerate sample until shipment.
Mon - Fri 9:00am to 4:00pm
Alagille syndrome(AGS) is a multisystem disorder characterized by the histologic finding of bile duct paucity on liver biopsy, cholestasis, cardiac defects (stenosis of pulmonary artery), butterfly vertebrae and ophthalmologic abnormalities (posterior embryotoxon). Characteristic facial features include a prominent forehead, deep set eyes with mild hypertelorism, pointed chin, and saddle or straight nose with a bulbous tip. Renal, pancreatic and central nervous system abnormalities are also observed in some patients. The clinical features are variable even within the same family.
Mutations in the JAG1 gene are associated with the majority of cases of AGS. JAG1 is located on chromosome 20p12 and it encodes a highly conserved cell surface protein that is part of the Notch signaling pathway thought to regulate cell fate decisions in many cell types. The JAG1 protein acts as a ligand for the Notch transmembrane receptors.
Large deletions and duplications will be detected using multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification assay (MLPA).
Sequence analysis of the JAG1 detects point mutations in 89% of patients with a clinical diagnosis of AGS (Crosnier et al. 1999, Krantz et al. 1998, Spinner et al. 2001, Warthen et al. 2006). Large deletions and microdeletions of 20p12 involving the JAG1 have been detected in an additional 7% of patients. Fewer than 1% of patients have a mutation in the NOTCH2 gene. About 30-50% of individuals with AGS have an affected parent. In the remaining 50-70% of patients, the mutations are de novo.
Known mutation analysis is available to family members for mutations previously identified by sequence analysis.
Test results with interpretation will be mailed and/or faxed to the referring physician or send out lab following completion of the test. Additional reports will be provided as requested.
The clinical utility of the assay is to support a clinical diagnosis of the disease, facilitate genetic counseling, and assess the risk to other first degree relatives and to facilitate testing of at - risk family members.
Whole blood in EDTA purple top tubes is the preferred sample. High molecular weight genomic DNA, cheek epithelial cells, or other samples containing DNA may be acceptable. Contact the laboratory for specific instructions regarding such samples before sending the sample.