Collect whole blood in a purple top (EDTA) tube.
Refrigerate sample until shipment. Send the sample at room temperature with overnight delivery for receipt Monday through Friday within 24 hours of collection.
Whole blood can be refrigerated until shipment.
Heparinized specimens, severely hemolyzed specimens, frozen, clotted or possibly commingled specimens, blood in non-sterile or leaky containers, mislabeled or inappropriately labeled specimens.
Do not heat, freeze or centrifuge blood before shipment. Refrigerate sample until shipment.
Mon - Fri 9:00am to 4:00pm
Sequence Analysis - 81479; Known Point Mutation - 81479
Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy (EIEE) is a severe age-related epileptic encephalopathy which is also known as Ohtahara syndrome. The characteristics of EIEE syndrome are: onset in early infancy (neonatal period through the ﬁrst few months of life); tonic spasms associated with suppression bursts EEG pattern; medically intractable seizures and severe psychomotor retardation. Mutations in at least 4 genes have been identified in EIEE individuals including ARX (EIEE-1), CDKL5 (EIEE-2), SLC25A22(EIEE-3), and STXBP1 (EIEE-4).
Early infantile epileptic encephalopathy-4 (EIEE4) is an autosomal dominant condition that is caused by mutations in the STXBP1 gene. Mutations in the STXBP1 may account for up to 30% of individuals with EIEE and upto10% of individuals with early onset epileptic encephalopathy (5/49) that do not fit the phenotype of Ohtahara or West syndrome. Missense, nonsense, frameshift, splicing mutations and deletions have been identified in EIEE patients.
PCR amplification and sequence analysis is performed on the coding exon including splice junctions. The patient’s gene sequence is compared to a reference sequence.
Sequence variants are classified as mutations, variants of unknown significance or benign variants unrelated to disease. Variants of unknown significance may warrant further studies in the patient and other family members. Mutations in promoters, deep intronic regions and other regulatory regions will not be identified with this assay.
Sensitivity: This assay has greater than 99.7% sensitivity for detecting substitution variants and indels.
Reference Range: Copy number variations and mutations within the promoter regions, deep intronic regions or regulatory elements would also not be detected by this assay.
Mutations in the STXBP1 may account for up to 30% of individuals with EIEE and upto10% of individuals with early onset epileptic encephalopathy (5/49) that do not fit the phenotype of Ohtahara or West syndrome.
Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy Panel – ARX, CDKL5, MEF2c, STXBP1, SLC25A22, SRPX2
Early Infantile Epileptic Encephalopathy (Sequence) – SLC25A22
Rolandic Epilepsy (Sequence) – SRPX2
Atypical Rett Syndrome (Sequence and MLPA) – CDKL5
Infantile Spasms (Sequence) – ARX
MEF2C Related Mental Retardation, Stereotypic Movements, Epilepsy, and/or Cerebral Malformations (Sequence and MLPA) – MEF2C
Test results with interpretation will be mailed and/or faxed to the referring physician or send out lab following completion of the test. Additional reports will be provided as requested.
The clinical utility of the assay is to support a clinical diagnosis of the disease, facilitate genetic counseling, and assess the risk to other first degree relatives and to facilitate testing of at - risk family members.
Whole blood in EDTA purple top tubes is the preferred sample. High molecular weight genomic DNA, cheek epithelial cells, or other samples containing DNA may be acceptable. Contact the laboratory for specific instructions regarding such samples before sending the sample.
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