Pediatric Sarcomas

The Pediatric Surgical Oncology Program at the Cancer Center at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia consists of a multidisciplinary team of experts in the treatment of all types of sarcomas. Many of our surgical oncologists are also on the forefront of researching and developing new therapies for the treatment of sarcoma in children.

What is soft tissue sarcoma?

In children, a sarcoma may occur in soft tissue or in bone.

Soft tissue sarcomas are cancerous tumors that originate in the tissues of muscle, fat, joints, nerves, blood vessels or skin. About half of soft tissue sarcomas develop in the arms and legs, but they can originate in any part of the body.

Many soft tissue tumors are benign, meaning they are not cancerous and will not spread to other parts or the body. The term sarcoma is used when the tumor is malignant (cancerous). Rhabdomyosarcoma, which is found in a type of muscle tissue, is the most common type of sarcoma found in the soft tissues of children.

Although bone is hard, it also contains tissue made of living cells. The most common bone tumors in children are osteosarcoma and Ewing sarcoma.

Pediatric Sarcomas