Prenatal Diagnosis Publications

The following list of prenatal diagnosis and fetal treatment publications will help you in your search for more information about evaluating and diagnosing birth defects. Most are written by members of the Center for Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment team at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. If you are unable to obtain any of these publications, please let us know and we will send copies to you.

Journal Articles


Two's Company: Multiple Thoracic Lesions on Prenatal US and MRI. Oliver ER, DeBari SE, Didier RA, Johnson AM, Khalek N, Peranteau WH, Howell LJ, Adzick NS, Coleman BG. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2020 Jun 29;1-11. doi: 10.1159/000507783. Online ahead of print. Read the abstract. 


Oliver ER, DeBari SE, Horii SC, Pogoriler JE, Victoria T, Khalek N, Howell LJ, Adzick NS, Coleman BG: Congenital Lobar Overinflation: A Rare, Enigmatic Lung Lesion on Prenatal Sonography and Magnetic Resonance Imaging. J Ultrasound Med 38(5): 1229-1239, May 2019.

Jaimes C, Delgado J, Cunnane MB, Hedrick HL, Adzick NS, Gee MS, Victoria T: Does 3T fetal MRI induce adverse acoustic effects in the neonate? A preliminary study comparing postnatal auditory test performance of fetuses scanned at 1.5 and 3T. Pediatric Radiology 49:37-45, 2019.

Congenital diaphragmatic hernia sacs: prenatal imaging and associated postnatal outcomes. Oliver ER, DeBari SE, Adams SE, Didier RA, Horii SC, Victoria T, Hedrick HL, Adzick NS, Howell LJ, Moldenhauer JS, Coleman BG. Pediatric Radiol. 2019 Jan 11. doi: 10.1007/s00247-018-04334-9. [Epub ahead of print]


Riley JS, Urwin JW, Oliver ER, Coleman BG, Khalek N, Moldenhauer JS, Gebb J, Hedrick HL, Spinner SS, Adzick NS, Peranteau WH: Prenatal growth characteristics and pre/postnatal management of bronchopulmonary sequestrations. J Pediatric Surg 53:265-269, 2018. 

Kim AG, Danzer E, Moldenhauer JS, Khalek N, Cheng LC, Waqar LN, Hedrick HL, Johnson MP, Adzick NS, Peranteau WH, Flake AW: Amniotic fluid concentrations of glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) do not correlate with prenatal metrics in fetuses with myelomeningocele. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 43:297-303, 2018.

Didier RA, Sridharan A, Lawrence K, Coleman BG, Davey MG, Flake AW. Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound in Extracorporeal Support: In Vitro Studies and Initial Experience and Safety Data in the Extreme Premature Fetal Lamb Maintained by the Extrauterine Environment for Neonatal Development.  J Ultrasound Med. 2018 Dec 17. doi: 10.1002/jum.14885. [Epub ahead of print]  

Zidere V, Gebb J, Vigneswaran T, Charakida M, Simpson JM, Bower S. Spontaneous resolution of large pericardial effusion associated with right ventricular outpouching in four fetal cases. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Dec 14; PMID: 30549363 

Doulaveris G, Gallagher P, Romney E, Richley M, Gebb J, Rosner M, Pe'er DMD. Fetal abdominal circumference in the second trimester and prediction of small for gestational age at birth. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2018 Nov 27;:1-181. PMID: 30482067

Antiel RM, Janvier A, Feudtner C, Blaine K, Fry J, Howell LJ, Houtrow AJ. The experience of parents with children with myelomeningocele who underwent prenatal surgery. J Pediatric Rehabil Med. 2018 Nov 18;. PMID: 30507587 

Adzick NS, De Leon DD, States LJ, Lord K, Bhatti TR, Becker SA, Stanley CA. Surgical treatment of congenital hyperinsulinism: Results from 500 pancreatectomies in neonates and children. J Pediatric Surg. 2018 Oct 5;. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30343978 

Didier RA, DeBari SE, Oliver ER, Gebb JS, Howell LJ, Hedrick HL, Adzick NS, Coleman BG. Secondary Imaging Findings Aid in Prenatal Diagnosis and Characterization of Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia: Role of an Abnormal Orientation of Vascular Structures and Gallbladder Position. J Ultrasound Med. 2018 Sep 23;. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30244484

Fraga MV, Giaccone A, Adzick NS. Respiratory morbidities in late preterm and term infants with myelomeningocele. J Perinatol. 2018 Aug 30;. [Epub ahead of print] PMID: 30166620

Schindewolf E, Khalek N, Johnson MP, Gebb J, Coleman B, Crowley TB, Zackai EH, McDonald-McGinn DM, Moldenhauer JS. Expanding the fetal phenotype: Prenatal sonographic findings and perinatal outcomes in a cohort of patients with a confirmed 22q11.2 deletion syndrome. Am J Med Genet A. 2018 Jul 28. doi: 10.1002/ajmg.a.38665. [Epub ahead of print] Read the abstract.

Riley JS, McClain LE, Stratigis JD, Coons BE, Li H, Hartman HA, Peranteau WH. Pre-Existing Maternal Antibodies Cause Rapid Prenatal Rejection of Allotransplants in the Mouse Model of In Utero Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation. J Immunol. 2018 Jul 18; PMID: 30021770

Victoria T, Srinivasan AS, Pogoriler J, Kreiger PA, Laje P, Oliver ER, Danzer E, Johnson AM, Moldenhauer JS, Peranteau WH, Adzick NS. The rare solid fetal lung lesion with T2-hypointense components: prenatal imaging findings with postnatal pathological correlation. Pediatric Radiol. 2018 Jul 14; PMID: 30008034

Joyeux L, Danzer E, Flake AW, Deprest J. Fetal surgery for spina bifida aperta. Arch Dis Child Fetal Neonatal Ed. 2018 Jul 13; PMID: 30006470

Baumgarten HD, Gebb JS, Khalek N, Moldenhauer JS, Johnson MP, Peranteau WH, Hedrick HL, Adzick NS, Flake AW: Preemptive delivery and immediate resection for fetuses with high-risk sacrococcygeal teratomas. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2018 May 7:1-8. doi: 10.1159/000487542. [Epub ahead of print]

Victoria T, Andronikou S, Bowen D, Laje P, Weiss DA, Johnson AM, Peranteau WH, Canning DA, Adzick NS. Fetal anterior abdominal wall defects: prenatal imaging by magnetic resonance imaging. Pediatric Radiol. 2018 Apr;48(4):499-512. PMID: 29550866 

Biko DM, Johnstone JA, Dori Y, Victoria T, Oliver ER, Itkin M (2018 Nov). Recognition of Neonatal Lymphatic Flow Disorder: Fetal MR Findings and Postnatal MR Lymphangiogram Correlation. Academic Radiology, 25(11): 1446-1450. Doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2018.02.020. PMID: 29580790. Electronically published: 2018 Mar 23.

Gebb JS, Khalek N, Qamar H, Ozcan T, Johnson MP, Oliver ER, Coleman BG, Peranteau WH, Hedrick HL, Flake AW, Adzick NS, Moldenhauer JS: High tumor volume to fetal weight ratio is associated with worse fetal outcomes and increased maternal risks in fetuses with sacrococcygeal teratoma. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2019;45(2):94-101. doi: 10.1159/000486782. Epub 2018 Mar 1.

Rivas A, Epelman M, Danzer E, Adzick NS, Victoria T. Prenatal MR imaging features of Caroli syndrome in association with autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease. Radiol Case Rep. 2019 Feb;14(2):265-268. PMID: 30510609 

Oliver ER, DeBari SE, Giannone MM, Pogoriler JE, Johnson AM, Horii SC, Gebb JS, Howell LJ, Adzick NS, Coleman BG: Going with the Flow: An Aid in Differentiating Bronchopulmonary Sequestrations and Hybrid Lesions. J Ultrasound Med 2018; 37:371-383. February 2018.

Victoria T, Danzer E, Oliver ER, Edgar JC, Iyoob S, Partridge EA, Johnson AM, Peranteau WH, Coleman BG, Flake AW, Johnson MP, Hedrick HL, Adzick NS: Right congenital diaphragmatic hernias: Is there a correlation between prenatal lung volume and postnatal survival, as in isolated left diaphragmatic hernias? Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 2018; 43: 12-18, January 2018.


Pisapia JM, Akbari H, Rozycki M, Goldstein H, Bakas S, Rathore S, Moldenhauer JS, Storm PB, Zarnow DM, Anderson RCE, Heuer GG, Davatzikos C. Use of Fetal Magnetic Resonance Image Analysis and Machine Learning to Predict the Need for Postnatal Cerebrospinal Fluid Diversion in Fetal Ventriculomegaly. JAMA Pediatr. 2017 Dec 18. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.3993. [Epub ahead of print]

Peranteau WH, Iyoob SD, Boelig MM, Khalek N, Moldenhauer JS, Johnson MP, Hedrick HL, Flake AW, Coleman BG, Adzick NS. Prenatal growth characteristics of lymphatic malformations. J Pediatric Surg. 2017 Jan;52(1):65-68.

Oliver, ER, Coleman, BC, Iyoob, SD, Victoria, T, Looney, DM, Horii, SC, Moldenhauer, JS, Langer, JE, Howell, LJ, Pawel, BR, Adzick, NS: Fetal Lymphatic Malformations: More Variable Than We Think? J Ultrasound Med 36: 1051-1058, April 2017.

Glanc Phyllis, Benacerraf Beryl, Bourne Tom, Brown Douglas, Coleman Beverly G, Crum Christopher, Dodge Jason, Levine Deborah, Pavlik Edward, Timmerman Dirk, Ueland Frederick R, Wolfman Wendy, Goldstein Steven R: First International Consensus Report on Adnexal Masses: Management Recommendations. Journal of ultrasound in medicine: official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine 36(5): 849-863, May 2017.


Saul D, Degenhardt K, Iyoob SD, Surrey LF, Johnson AM, Johnson MP, Rychik J, Victoria T. Hypoplastic left heart syndrome and the nutmeg lung pattern in utero: a cause and effect relationship or prognostic indicator? Pediatric Radiol. 2016 Apr;46(4):483-9. doi: 10.1007/s00247-015-3514-6. Epub 2015 Dec 21. Read the abstract.

Victoria T, Johnson AM, Edgar JC, Zarnow DM, Vossough A, Jaramillo D. Comparison Between 1.5-T and 3-T MRI for Fetal Imaging: Is There an Advantage to Imaging With a Higher Field Strength? AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2016 Jan;206(1):195-201. doi: 10.2214/AJR.14.14205. Read the abstract.


Partridge EA, Victoria T, Coleman BG, Martinez-Poyer J, Laje P, Hedrick HL, Flake AW, Adzick NS. Prenatal diagnosis of esophageal bronchus - first report of a rare foregut malformation in utero. J Pediatric Surg. 2015 Feb;50(2):306-10. Epub 2014 Nov 10. Read the abstract

Coleman BG, Langer JE, Horii SC. The diagnostic features of spina bifida: the role of ultrasound. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2015;37(3):179-196.


Aguirre-Pascual E, Epelman M, Johnson AM, Chauvin NA, Coleman BG, Victoria T. Prenatal MRI evaluation of limb-body wall complex. Pediatric Radiol. 2014 Nov;44(11):1412-20. Epub 2014 Jun 14. Read the abstract.


Victoria T, Epelman M, Coleman BG, Horii S, Oliver ER, Mahboubi S, Khalek N, Kasperski S, Edgar JC, Jaramillo D. Low-dose fetal CT in the prenatal evaluation of skeletal dysplasias and other severe skeletal abnormalities. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2013;200(5):989-1000. 


Nwebube NI, Lockitch G, Halstead C, Johnson J, Wilson RD. Alpha-Fetoprotein values in amniotic fluid obtained during early amniocentesis (11-13 weeks). Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 17:25-28, 2002.

Wilson RD. Prenatal evaluation for fetal surgery. Curr Opin Obstet Gynecol 14:187-193, 2002.

Steed HL, Tomkins DJ, Wilson RD, Okun N, Mayes DC. Maternal cell contamination of amniotic fluid samples obtained by open needle versus trocar technique of amniocentesis. JOGC 24(3);233-236, 2002.

Snijders, Thom EA, Zachary JM, Platt LD, Greene N, Jackson LG, Sabbagha RE, Filkins K, Silver K, Hogge WA, Ginsberg NA, Morgan, Chilis P, Hill LM, Hecker J, Wapner RJ, The Bun Study Group. First-trimester trisomy screening: nuchal translucency measurement training and quality assurance to correct and unify technique. Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 19:353-359, 2002.

Wilson R.D. Letters to the editor. Canadian guidelines for prenatal diagnosis. JOGC 24:390, 2002.


Pameijer CR, Hubbard AM, Coleman B, Flake AW: Combined pure esophageal atresia, duodenal atresia, biliary atresia, and pancreatic ductal atresia: prenatal diagnostic features and review of the literature. J Pediatric Surg 35:745-747, 2000. 


Hallak M, O'Brien JE, Isada NB, Johnson MP, Drugan A, Evans MI: Thyroid function does not alter maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein interpretation. Journal of Maternal Fetal Medicine 6:115-117, 1997.

O'Brien JE, Dvorin E, Drugan A, Johnson MP, Yaron Y, Evans MI. Ethnic and racial specific variation in multiple marker biochemical screening (MMBS): HCG and uE3 also require separate databases. Obstetrics and Gynecology 89(3):355-8, 1997.

Evans MI, Duquette DA, Rinaldo P, Bawle E, Rosenblatt DS, Whitty J, Quintero RA, Johnson MP. Modulation of B12 dosage and response in fetal treatment of methylmalonic aciduria (MMA); Titration of treatment dose to serum and urine MMA. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 12(1):21-23, 1997.

Qureshi F, Jacques SM, Johnson MP, Hume RF, Kramer RL, Yaron Y, Evans MI. Trisomy 21 placentas: Histopathological and immunohistochemical findings using proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 12(4), 210-215, 1997.

Chik L, Spencer K, Johnson MP, Ayoub M, Krivchenia EL, Dombrowski MP, Evans MI. Precise Gaussian distribution functions of maternal serum AFP and free bHCG for trisomy 21 (T21) biochemical screening. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 177(4)882-886, 1997.

O'Brien JE, Dvorin E, Yaron Y, Ayoub M, Johnson MP, Hume RF, Evans MI. Differential increases in AFP, HCG, and uE3 in twin pregnancies: Impact upon attempts to quantify Down syndrome screening calculations. Am J Med Genet. 1997 Dec 12;73(2):109-12.

Malone FD, Crombleholme TM, Nores J, Athanassiou A, D'Alton ME: Pitfalls of the 'double bubble' sign: A case of congenital duodenal duplication. Fetal Diagn Ther 12: 298-300, 1997.


Drugan A, Johnson MP, Reichler A, Hume RF, Bronshtein M, Itskovicz-Eldor J, Evans MI. Increased amniotic fluid alpha-fetoprotein in patients with fetal nuchal edema. Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 11: 6-8, 1996.

Hume RF, Drugan A, Reichler A, Lampinen J, Johnson MP, Evans MI. Aneuploidy among prenatally detected neural tube defects. Am J Med Genet 61:171-173, 1996

Drugan A, O'Brien JE, Dvorin E, Krivchenia E, Johnson MP, Sokol RJ, Evans MI. Multiple marker screening in multifetal gestations: prediction of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 11: 16-19, 1996.

Dombrowski MP, Isada NB, Johnson MP, Berry SM. Modified stylet technique for tenting of amniotic membranes. Obstet Gynecol 87:455-456, 1996.

Evans MI, O'Brien JE, Dvorin E, Krivchenia EL, Drugan A, Hume RF, Johnson MP. Similarity of insulin dependent diabetics' (IDD) and non-insulin dependent diabetics' (NIDD) levels of beta-hCG and unconjugated estriol with controls: no need to adjust as with AFP. J Soc Gynecol Invest 3(1): 23-26, 1996.

Evans MI, Chik L, O'Brien JE, Dvorin E, Johnson MP, Krivchenia E, Sokol RJ. Logistic regression generated probability estimates for Trisomy 21 outcomes from serum AFP and beta-hCG: simplification with increased specificity. Journal of Maternal Fetal Medicine 5:1-6, 1996.

Evans MI, Hume RF, Johnson MP, Treadwell MC, Krivchenia E, Zador IE, Sokol RJ. Integration of genetics and ultrasound in prenatal diagnosis: just looking is not enough. Am J Obstet Gynecol 174(6):1926-30, 1996.

Drugan A, Johnson MP,Reichler A, Hume RF, Itskovicz-Eldor J, Evans MI. Second trimester minor ultrasound anomalies: Impact on the risk of aneuploidy associated with advanced maternal age. Obstetrics and Gynecology 88(2):203-206, 1996.

Drugan A, Reichler A, Bronstein M, Johnson MP, Sokol RJ, Ebrahim SAD, Evans MI. Abnormal biochemical serum screening versus second trimester ultrasound-detected minor anomalies are predictors of aneuploidy in low risk patients. Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 11:301-305, 1996.

Brown CL, Colden KA, Hume RF, Johnson MP, Treadwell MC, Drugan A, Lampinen J, Evans MI. Positive or faint amniotic fluid acetylcholinesterase band with normal ultrasound. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 175:1000-1003, 1996.

Landwehr JB, Johnson MP, Hume RF, Sokol RJ, Yaron Y, Evans MI. Abnormal nuchal findings on screening ultrasound: Aneuploidy stratification based on ultrasound anomaly and gestational age at detection. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 175:995-999, 1996.


Johnson MP, Michaelson JE, Barr M Jr, Treadwell MC, Hume RF Jr, Dombrowski MP, Johnson A, Bichalski J, Evans MI. Combining humerus and femur length for improved sonographic identification of pregnancies at increased risk for trisomy 21. Am J Obstet Gynecol 172: 1129-1135, 1995.

Qureshi F, Jacques SM, Johnson SF, Johnson MP, Evans MI, Yang SS: Histopathology of fetal diastrophic dysplasia. Am J Med Genet 56: 300-303, 1995.

Evans MI, Krivchenia EL, Johnson MP, Quintero R, King M, Pegoraro E, Hoffman EP. In utero fetal muscle biopsy alters diagnosis and carrier risks in Duchenne and Becker muscular dystrophy. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 10: 71-75, 1995.

Evans MI, Chik L, O'Brien JE, Chen B, Dvorin E, Ayoub M, Krivchenia EL, Ager JW, Johnson MP, Sokol RJ. MOMs and DADs: improved specificity and cost effectiveness of biochemical screening for aneuploidy with DADs. Am J Obstet Gynecol 172: 1138-1147, 1995.

Hume Jr. RF, Drugan A, Ebrahim SAD, Johnson MP, Isada NB, Reichler A, Evans MI: The role of ultrasonography (US) in pregnancies with marker chromosome (MC) aneuploidy. Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 10: 183-186, 1995.

Evans MI, Quintero RA, King M, Qureshi F, Johnson MP. Endoscopically assisted, ultrasound guided fetal muscle biopsy. Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 10: 167-172, 1995.

Hume RF, Kilmer-Ernst P, Wolfe HM, Ebrahim SAD, Treadwell MC, Johnson MP, Evans MI. Prenatal cytogenetic abnormalities: correlations of structural rearrangements and ultrasound detected fetal anomalies. Am J Obstet Gynecol 173(4):1334-1336, 1995.

Qureshi F, Jacques SM, Johnson SF, Johnson MP, Evans MI, Yang SS. Diastrophic dysplasia and atelosteogenesis II: different manifestations of a common chondrodysplasia? Am J Med Genet 56:300, 1995.

Dirkes K, Crombleholme TM, Craigo SD, Latchaw LA, Jacir NN, Harris BH, D'Alton ME: The natural history of meconium peritonitis diagnosed in utero. J Pediatric Surg 30: 979-982, 1995.

Stringer MD, McKenna KM, Goldstein RB, Filly RA, Adzick NS, Harrison MR: Prenatal diagnosis of esophageal atresia. J Pediatric Surg 30:1258-1263, 1995.


Evans MI, Johnson MP, Holzgreve W: Early amniocentesis: what exactly does that mean? J Reprod Med 39(2):77-78,1994.

Dombrowski MP, Berry SM, Johnson MP, Saleh AA, Sokol RJ: Birth weight/length ratio, ponderal index, placental weight, and birth weight/placental ratios in a large population. Arch Pediat Adol Med 148: 508-512, 1994.

Johnson MP, Michaelson J, Barr M Jr, Treadwell MC, Isada NB, Dombrowski MP, Pryde PG, Addis J, Evans MI: Sonographic screening for trisomy 21: fetal humerus: foot length ratio, a useful new marker. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 9(2): 130-38,1994.

Isada NB, Johnson MP, Pryde PG, Hallak M, Evans MI: Technical aspects of transcervical chorionic villus sampling. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 9(1): 19-28, 1994.

Hallak M, Pryde PG, Qureshi F, Johnson MP, Jacques SM, Evans MI: Constriction of the umbilical cord: fetal death following transplacental amniocentesis. J Reprod Med 39(7): 561-565, 1994.

Evans MI, Hoffman EP, Cadrin C, Johnson MP, Quintero R, Golbus MS. In utero fetal muscle biopsy: collaborative experience with varied indications. Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Dec;84(6):913-7.

Evans MI, Ebrahim SAD, Berry SM, Holzgreve W, Isada NB, Quintero R, Johnson MP. Fluorescent in situ hybridization utilization for high risk prenatal diagnosis: a trade-off among speed, expense, and inherent limitations of chromosome specific probes. Am J Obstet Gynecol 171: 1055-1057, 1994.

Reichler A, Hume Jr. RF, Drugan A, Bardicef M, Isada NB, Johnson MP, Evans MI: Risk of anomalies as a function of level of elevated maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 1994 Oct;171(4):1052-5.

Saleh AA, Pryde PG, Isada NB, Johnson MP, Evans MI, Johnston JM. Platelet activating factor - acytylhydrolase (PAF-AH) activity following chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis. Journal of the Society for Gynecologic Investigation 1(1):135-137, 1994.

Isada NB, Hume RF Jr, Reichler A, Johnson MP, Klinger KW, Evans MI, Ward BE: Fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and second trimester sonographic anomalies: uses and limitations. Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 9:367-70, 1994


Evans MI, Pryde PG, Evans WJ, Johnson MP: The choices women make about prenatal diagnosis. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 8 (suppl 1): 70-80, 1993.

Evans MI, Farrell SA, Greb A, Ray P, Johnson MP, Hoffman E: In utero fetal muscle biopsy for the diagnosis of Duchenne muscular dystrophy in a female fetus "suddenly at risk". Am J Med Genet 46: 309-312, 1993.

Saleh AA, Ozawa T, Isada NB, Johnson MP, Dombrowski MP, Evans MI, Treadwell MB, Mammen EF: Amniotic fluid platelet factor 4 and beta-thromboglobulin as markers of structural abnormalities. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 8(3): 175-177, 1993.

Saleh AA, Ozawa T, Dombrowski MP, Isada NB, Johnson MP, Evans MI, Bottoms SF, Mammen EF: Amniotic fluid platelet factor and beta-thromboglobulin. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 8(3): 165-167, 1993.

Johnson MP, Barr M Jr, Treadwell MC, Michaelson J, Isada NB, Pryde PG, Dombrowski MP, Cotton DB, Evans MI: Fetal leg and femur:foot length ratio: A marker for trisomy 21. Am J Obstet Gynecol 169(3): 557-563, 1993.

Evans MI, Isada NB, Krivchenia EL, Uhlmann WR, Johnson MP: Management of the unexpectedly detected fetal abnormality. The Female Patient 18(10): 72-77, 1993.

O'Brien JE, Drugan A, Chervenak FA, Johnson MP, Isada NB, Hallak M, Evans MI: Maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein screening: the need to use race specific medians in Asians. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 8(6): 367-370, 1993.

Johnson MP, Childs MD, Isada NB, Koppitch III GC, Evans MI: Trisomy 16 CVS and viable pregnancy: Lethal aneuploidy compartmentalized to the trophoblast in two otherwise normal pregnancies. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 8(2): 102-109, 1993.

Qureshi F, Jacques SM, Evans MI, Johnson MP, Yang SS: Skeletal histopathology in fetuses with chondroectodermal dysplasia (Ellis-Van Ceveld Syndrome). Am J Med Genet 45: 471-476, 1993.


Evans MI, Klinger KW, Isada NB, Shook D, Holzgreve W, McGuire N, Johnson MP: Rapid prenatal diagnosis by fluorescent in situ hybridization of chorionic villi: an adjunct to long term culture and karyotype. Am J Obstet Gynecol 167: 1522-1525, 1992.

Hallak M, Johnson MP, Pryde PG, Isada NB, Zador IE, Evans MI: Rate of transabdominal chorionic villus sampling does not have to increase as new physicians learn the procedure: utilization of transabdominal versus transcervical approach. Obstet Gynecol 80: 349-352, 1992.

Duncan BW, Eraklis AE, Adzick NS: Retroperitoneal alimentary tract duplications detected in utero. J Pediatric Surg 27:1231-1233, 1992.


Evans MI, Johnson MP, Koppitch FC, Thompson KE, Sokol RJ, Drugan A: Transabdominal advanced gestation (TAG) CVS: A faster alternative to PUBS for rapid karyotyping. J Reprod Med 36(6): 416-418,1991.

Evans MI, Greb A, Kunkel LM, Sacks AJ, Johnson MP, Boehm C, Kazazian HH, Hoffman EP: In utero fetal muscle biopsy for the diagnosis of Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 165: 728-732, 1991.

Isada NB, Parr DP, Johnson MP, Straus SE, Holzgreve W, Qureshi F, Evans MI: In utero diagnosis of congenital varicella-zoster virus (VZV) infection by chorionic villus sampling (CVS) using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Am J Obstet Gynecol 165: 1727, 1991.


Langer JC, Adzick NS, Filly RA, Golbus MS, Harrison MR: Gastrointestinal obstruction in the fetus. Archives of Surgery 124:1183-1187, 1989.

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