Sacrococcygeal Teratoma (SCT) Publications

The following list of fetal treatment and fetal surgery publications concerning sacrococcygeal teratoma (SCT) will help you find more information about the diagnosis and treatment of this condition. Most of these publications pertaining to sacrococcygeal teratoma were written by members of the Fetal Diagnosis and Treatment team at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. If you are unable to obtain any of these publications, please let us know and we will send you copies.

Journal articles


Partridge EA, Canning D, Long C, Peranteau WH, Hedrick HL, Adzick NS, Flake AW. Urologic and anorectal complications of sacrococcygeal teratomas: prenatal and postnatal predictors. J Pediatr Surg. 2014 Jan;49(1):139-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2013.09.042. Epub 2013 Oct 8.


Roybal JL, Moldenhauer JS, Khalek N, Bebbington MW, Johnson MP, Hedrick HL, et al. Early delivery as an alternative management strategy for selected high-risk fetal sacrococcygeal teratomas. J Pediatr Surg. 2011 Jul;46(7):1325-32. Cited in PubMed; PMID 21763829.


Wilson RD, Hedrick H, Flake AW, Johnson MP, Bebbington MW, Mann S, Rychik J, Liechty K, Adzick NS. Sacrococcygeal teratomas: prenatal surveillance, growth and pregnancy outcome. Fetal Diagn Ther. 2009;25(1):15-20. Epub 2008 Dec 20


Tran KM, Flake AW, Kalawadia NV, Maxwell LG, Rehman MA. Emergent excision of a prenatally diagnosed sacrococcygeal teratoma. Paediatr Anaesth. 2008 May;18(5):431-4. Epub 2008 Feb 28.


Hedrick HL, Flake AW, Crombleholme TM, Howell LJ, Johnson MP, Wilson RD, Adzick, NS. Sacrococcygeal Teratoma: Prenatal Assessment, Fetal Intervention, and Outcome. Journal Pediatric Surgery: 39:430-438, 2004.2003

Olutoye OO, Johnson MP, Coleman BG, Crombleholme TM, Adzick NS, Flake AW. Abnormal umbilical cord Doppler sonograms may predict impending demise in fetuses with sacrococcygeal teratoma. A report of two cases. Fetal Diagnosis & Therapy 18:428-431, 2003.


Graf JL, Housley HT, Albanese CT, Adzick NS, Harrison MR: A surprising histologic evolution of preterm sacrococcygeal teratomas. J Pediatr Surg 33:177-179, 1998.


Adzick NS, Crombleholme TM, Morgan MA, Quinn TM: A rapidly growing fetal teratoma. LANCET 349:538, 1997.


Robertson FR, Crombleholme TM, Frantz ID, Shephard BA, Bianchi DW, D'Alton ME: Devascularization and staged resection of giant sacrococcygeal teratoma in the premature infant. J Pediatr Surg 30 (2): 309-311, 1995.


Flake AW: Fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. Seminars in Pediatric Surgery 2:113-120, 1993.


Bond SJ, Harrison MR, Schmidt KG, Silverman NH, Flake AW, Slotnick NR, Anderson RL, Warsof SL, Dyson DC. Death due to high output cardiac failure in fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. Journal of Pediatric Surgery 25:1287-1291, 1990.


Kuhlman RS, Warsof SL, Levy D, Flake AW: Fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 2:95-100 1987.


Flake AW, Harrison MR, Adzick NS, Laberge JM, Warsof S: Fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. J Pediatr Surg 21:563-566, 1986.


Flake AW: Fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. Progress in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Sonography Series Ultrasound and the Fetal Therapy, Rodeck CH and Evans MI (eds.), Parthenon Press, 1999.

Flake AW. The Fetus with Sacrococcygeal Teratoma. The Unborn Patient. The Art and Science of Fetal Therapy, 3rd Edition, Harrison MR, Evans MI, Adzick NA, Holtzgreve W, (eds.), W.B. Saunders Co., Orlando, FL, 1999.

Flake AW: Fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. Progress in Obstetrics and Gynecology - Sonography Series Ultrasound and the Fetal Therapy Rodeck CH and Evans MI (eds.), Parthenon Press, 1997.

Holzgreve W, Flake AW, Langer JA: Fetal sacrococcygeal teratoma. The unborn patient. Prenatal diagnosis and Treatment, 2nd Edition, Harrison MR, Golbus MS, Filly RA, (eds.), W.B. Saunders Co., Orlando, Fl, Chapter 39, 1990.

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