Obesity Prevention Management Clinical Pathway — Outpatient Specialty Care and Primary Care

Risk Factors for Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease

  • Obesity, especially in parent(s)
  • Hyperlipidemia in patient, parents, siblings, and/or grandparents
  • Any of the following in patient, parents, siblings, and/or grandparents:
    • Type 2 diabetes
    • Hypertension
    • Cardiovascular disease/early deaths from heart disease:
      • MI < 55 yrs old
      • Stroke < 60 yrs old

Parental obesity has been found to be an independent risk factor for obesity in children. Parental obesity more than doubles the risk of adult obesity among both obese and non-obese children under 10 years of age (6). However, by adolescence, a child’s obesity, rather than the parents’ obesity, is the most important predictor of being obese as an adult.