Geoffrey L. Bird, MD, MSIS, FAAP

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Geoffrey L. Bird, MD, is an attending physician in the Division of Cardiac Critical Care Medicine at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia with special interest in cardiac intensive care and extracorporeal support.

Areas of Expertise: Cardiac intensive care medicine, Extracorporeal Support, International Collaboration, Patient safety
Locations: Main Hospital
Phone: 215-590-4040

Education and Training

Medical School

MD - Georgetown University, Washington, DC

Residency

Pediatrics - Chief Resident, St. Christopher's Hospital, Philadelphia, PA (Chief Resident)

Fellowship

Cardiology - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
Pediatric Critical Care - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
Cardiac ICU Medicine and ECMO - Great Ormond Street Hospital, London, UK

Board Certification

Critical Care
Pediatric Cardiology
Pediatrics

Graduate Degree

MS - Drexel University, College of Information Science and Technology, Philadelphia, PA

Titles and Academic Titles

Medical Director of Clinical Operations

Attending Physician

Associate Professor of Clinical Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Departments and Services

Research Interests

Perioperative Care of Tetralogy of Fallot
Information Systems
High Resolution Physiologic Data Capture and Analysis
Leadership, Team Dynamics, Human Factors

Publications

Papers

2020

DeWitt AG, Rossano JW, Bailly DK, Bhat PN, Chanani NK, Kirkland BW, Moga MA, Owens GE, Retzloff LB, Zhang W, Banerjee M, Costarino AT, Bird GL, Gaies M.: Predicting and Surviving Prolonged Critical Illness After Congenital Heart Surgery. Critical Care Medicine 48(7): e557-e564, July 2020.

2018

Gradidge EA, Bakar A, Tellez D, Ruppe M, Tallent S, Bird G, Lavin N, Lee A, Nadkarni V, Adu-Darko M, Bain J, Biagas K, Branca A, Breuer RK, Brown C, Bysani K, Emeriaud G, Gangadharan S, Giuliano JS, Howell JD, Krawiec C, Lee JH, Li S, Meyer K, Miksa M, Napolitano N, Nett S, Nuthall G, Orioles A, Owen EB, Parker MM, Parsons S, Polikoff LA, Rehder K, Saito O, Sanders RC, Shenoi A, Simon DW, Skippen PW, Tarquinio K, Thompson A, Toedt-Pingel I, Walson K, Nishisaki A; For National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEARKIDS) Investigators and Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI).: Safety of tracheal intubation in the presenceof cardiac disease in paediatric ICUs. Cardiology in the Young 28(7): 928-937, July 2018.

Gradidge EA, Bakar A, Tellez D, Ruppe M, Tallent S, Bird G, Lavin N, Lee A, Adu-Darko M, Bain J, Biagas K, Branca A, Breuer RK, Brown C 3rd, Bysani GK, Cheifitz IM, Emeriaud G, Gangadharan S, Giuliano JS Jr, Howell JD, Krawiec C, Lee JH, Li S, Meyer K, Miksa M, Napolitano N, Nett S, Nuthall G, Orioles A, Owen EB, Parker MM, Parsons S, Polikoff LA, Rehder K, Saito O, Sanders RC Jr, Shenoi AN, Simon DW, Skippen PW, Tarquinio K, Thompson A, Toedt-Pingel I, Vanderford P, Walson K, Nadkarni V, Nishisaki A; National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS) and Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI).: Effect of Location on Tracheal Intubation Safety in Cardiac Disease-Are Cardiac ICUs Safer? Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 19(3): 218-227, March 2018.

Li S, Hsieh TC, Rehder KJ, Nett S, Kamat P, Napolitano N, Turner DA, Adu-Darko M, Jarvis JD, Krawiec C, Derbyshire AT, Meyer K, Giuliano JS Jr, Tala J, Tarquinio K, Ruppe MD, Sanders RC Jr, Pinto M, Howell JD, Parker MM, Nuthall G, Shepherd M, Emeriaud G, Nagai Y, Saito O, Lee JH, Simon DW, Orioles A, Walson K, Vanderford P, Shenoi A, Lee A, Bird GL, Miksa M, Graciano AL, Bain J, Skippen PW, Polikoff LA, Nadkarni V, Nishisaki A; for National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS) and Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network.: Frequency of Desaturation and Association With Hemodynamic Adverse Events During Tracheal Intubations in PICUs. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 19(1): e41-e50, January 2018.

2017

Parker MM, Nuthall G, Brown C 3rd, Biagas K, Napolitano N, Polikoff LA, Simon D, Miksa M, Gradidge E, Lee JH, Krishna AS, Tellez D, Bird GL, Rehder KJ, Turner DA, Adu-Darko M, Nett ST, Derbyshire AT, Meyer K, Giuliano J Jr, Owen EB, Sullivan JE, Tarquinio K, Kamat P, Sanders RC Jr, Pinto M, Bysani GK, Emeriaud G, Nagai Y, McCarthy MA, Walson KH, Vanderford P, Lee A, Bain J, Skippen P, Breuer R, Tallent S, Nadkarni V, Nishisaki A; Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network.: Relationship Between Adverse Tracheal Intubation Associated Events and PICU Outcomes. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 18(4): 310-318, April 2017.

2016

Sanders RC Jr, Nett ST, Davis KF, Parker MM, Bysani GK, Adu-Darko M, Bird GL, Cheifetz IM, Derbyshire AT, Emeriaud G, Giuliano JS Jr, Graciano AL, Hagiwara Y, Hefley G, Ikeyama T, Jarvis JD, Kamat P, Krishna AS, Lee A, Lee JH, Li S, Meyer K, Montgomery VL, Nagai Y, Pinto M, Rehder KJ, Saito O, Shenoi AN, Taekema HC, Tarquinio KM, Thompson AE, Turner DA, Nadkarni VM, Nishisaki A; National Emergency Airway Registry for Children (NEAR4KIDS) Investigators and the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury and Sepsis Investigators (PALISI) Network.: Family Presence During Pediatric Tracheal Intubations. JAMA Pediatrics 170(3): e154627, March 2016.

2015

Gaies M, Tabbutt S, Schwartz SM, Bird GL, Alten JA, Shekerdemian LS, Klugman D, Thiagarajan RR, Gaynor JW, Jacobs JP, Nicolson SC, Donohue JE, Yu S, Pasquali SK, Cooper DS: Clinical epidemiology of extubation failure in the pediatric cardiac ICU: A report from the pediatric cardiac critical care consortium. Pediatric Critical Care Medicine 16(9): 837-845, November 2015. PMCID: 26218260

2014

Bates KE, Bird GL, Shea JA, Apkon M, Shaddy RE, Metlay JP: A tool to measure shared clinical understanding following handoffs to help evaluate handoff quality. J Hosp Med 9(3): 142-147, March 2014.

Kirsch RE, Glatz AC, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Wernovsky G, Bird GL: Results of elective repair at 6 months or less in 277 patients with Tetralogy of Fallot: A 14 year experience at a single center. Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 147(2): 713-717, February 2014.

2012

Bhalala US, Nishisaki A, McQueen D, Bird GL, Morrison WE, Nadkarni VM, Nathan M, Starr JP: Change in regional somatic near infrared spectroscopy is not a useful indicator of clinically detectable low cardiac output in children after surgery for congenital heart defects. Pediatr Crit Care Med 13(5): 529-534, September 2012.

2011

Medoff-Cooper B, Irving SY, Marino BS, Garcia-Espana JF, Ravishankar C, Bird GL, Stallings VA: Weight change in infants with a functionally univentricular heart: from surgical intervention to hospital discharge. Cardiol Young 21(2): 136-144, April 2011. PMCID: 21070691

2009

Samanta B, Bird GL, Kuijpers M, Zimmerman RA, Jarvik GP, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR, Licht DJ, Gaynor JW, Nataraj C: Prediction of periventricular leukomalacia Part I: Selection of hemodynamic features using logistic regression and decision tree algorithms. Artif Intell Med 46(3): 201-215, July 2009.

Samanta B, Bird GL, Kuijpers M, Zimmerman RA, Jarvik GP, Wernovsky G, Clancy RR, Licht DJ, Gaynor JW, Nataraj C: Prediction of periventricular leukomalacia - Part II: Selection of hemodynamic features using computational intelligence. Artif Intell Med  46(3): 217-231, July 2009.

2008

LaRovere JM, Jeffries HE, Sachdeva RC, Rice TB, Wetzel RC, Cooper DS, Bird GL, Ghanayem NS, Checchia PA, Chang AC, Wessel DL: Databases for assessing the outcomes of the treatment of patients with congenital and paediatric cardiac disease: The perspective of critical care. Cardiol Young 18 Suppl 2: 130-136, December 2008.

Jefferies HE, Bird GL, Law Y, Wernovsky G, Weinberg PM, Pizarro C, Stellin G: Complications related to the transplantation of thoracic organs: Consensus definitions from the Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease. Cardiol Young 18(2 Suppl): 265-270, December 2008

Bird GL, Jefferies HE, Licht DJ, Wernovsky G, Weinberg PM, Pizarro C, Stellin G : Neurological complications associated with the treatment of patients with congenital cardiac disease: Consensus definitions from the Multi-Societal Database Committee for Pediatric and Congenital Heart Disease. Cardiol Young 18 Suppl 2: 234-239, December 2008.

Hehir DA, Dominguez TE, Ballweg JA, Ravishankar C, Marino BS, Bird GL, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Tabbutt S: Risk factors for interstage death following Stage 1 reconstruction of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants. Cardiovasc Thorac Surg 136(1): 94-99, July 2008.

2007

Wernovsky G, Kuijpers M, Van Rossem MC, Marino BS, Ravishankar C, Dominguez TE, Godinez RI, Dodds KM, Ittenbach RF, Nicolson SC, Bird GL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Tabbutt S: Postoperative course in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit following Stage 1 Norwood reconstruction. Cardiol Young 17(6): 652-665, December 2007.

Thiagarajan RR, Bird GL, Harrington K, Charpie JR, Ohye RC, Steven JM, Epstein M, Laussen PC. : Improving safety for children with heart disease. Cardiol Young  17(Suppl 2): 127-132, September 2007.

Ballweg JA, Dominguez TE, Ravishankar C, Kreutzer J, Marino BS, Bird GL, Gruber PJ, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Tabbutt S: A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at stage 2 reconstruction.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 134(2): 297-303, August 2007.

1995

MacKinney TG, Walter D, Bird GL, Nattinger AB: Improvements in preventive care and communication for deaf patients: Results of a novel primary health care program. J Gen Intern Med 10(3): 133-137, 1995.

 

Books

Chapters

2012

Bird GL: Coarctation of the Aorta. The 5-Minute Pediatric Consult, 6th Edition. Schwartz MW (eds.). Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, Page: 196, 2012.

Bird GL: Anomalous Coronary Artery. The 5-Minute Pediatric Consult, 6th Edition. Schwartz MW (eds.). Lippincott, Williams and Wilkins, Philadelphia, PA, Page: 52, 2012.

2007

Coarctation of the Aorta. The 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. 5th Edition, Schwartz, MW. (eds.). 2007.

Anomalous Coronary Artery. The 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. 5th Edition, Schwartz MW. (eds.). 2007.

2005

Bird GL.: Anomalous Coronary Artery. The 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. 4th Edition Schwartz, MW. (eds.). 2005.

Coarctation of the Aorta. The 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. 4th Edition, Schwartz MW. (eds.). 2005.

2002

Bird GL.: Anomalous Coronary Artery. The 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. 3rd Edition Schwartz MW. (eds.). 2002.

Bird GL.: Coarctation of the Aorta. The 5-Minute Pediatric Consult. 3rd Edition, Schwartz MW. (eds.). 2002.

2001

Marino BS, Bird GL, Wernovsky G: Diagnosis and management of the newborn with suspected congenital heart disease. Clinics in Perinatology. W. B. Saunders, Philadelphia, PA. 28(1): 91-136, March 2001.

Posters and Presentations

2018

Naim MY, Oliver A, Bird GL, Cecere L, Dewitt A, Eichner J, Fuller S, Kennedy K, Kohr L, Lavin N, Meldrum H, Blinder J: Development of an EPIC Flag and Bedside Tool to Prevent Cardiac Arrest in the Cardiac Intensive Care Unit. 8th Annual CHOP Quality and Patient Safety Day, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA April 2018 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Aaron G DeWitt, Joseph W Rossano, David K Bailly, Priya N Bhat, Nikhil K Chanani, Brandon W Kirkland, Michael-Alice Moga, Gabe E Owens, Lauren B Retzloff, Wenying Zhang, Mousumi Banerjee, Andrew T Costarino, Geoffrey L Bird, Michael Gaies: Modifiable factors predict mortality after prolonged critical illness following congenital heart surgery. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 71(11 Supplement), March  2018.

Invited lectures

2020

Bird GL. "Is More Monitoring Necessary?" Lecture by invitation, Cardiology 2020 - 23rd Annual Update on Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Disease, Orlando, FL. Feb 2020.

Bird GL. "Top Five Factors that Affect Care of the Cardiac ECMO Patient" lecture at Cardiology 2020 - 23rd Annual Update on Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Disease, Orlando, FL. Feb 2020.

Bird GL. "Intense Hallway Discussions: Here Is What I Think! How Best to Establish Pulmonary Blood Flow: A Surgical Shunt or a Ductal Stent?" Session moderator at Cardiology 2020 - 23rd Annual Update on Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Disease, Orlando, FL. Feb 2020.

Bird GL. "What the Chest X-ray Can and Cannot Show You?", Postoperative Management and Congenital Heart Disease: A Comprehensive Primer Review for Nursing and Front-line Providers, lecture at Cardiology 2020 - 23rd Annual Update on Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Disease, Orlando, FL. Feb 2020.

2019

Bird GL. "The optimal platelet count for an ECMO patient is 50K" Invited speaker in plenary debate with Antonio Cabrerra MD, 30th Annual Conference Extracorporeal Life Support Organization, Austin, TX. Sept 2019.

Bird GL. "Improving Team Resilience and Addressing Clinician Burnout: Strategies to Heal Thyself and Thy Team," Johns Hopkins Children's Center, Baltimore, MD. Apr 2019.

Bird GL. "Improving Postoperative Care and Reducing ICU Ventilation Time: State of the Art and Collaborative Efforts,"  American Austrian Foundation & CHOP Seminar in Pediatric Anesthesia, Salzburg, Austria. Jan 2019.

Bird GL. "Cardiac ICU Potpourri: EEG monitoring, Intensive care after lymphatic intervention, and novel collaboration for QI," American Austrian Foundation & CHOP Seminar in Pediatric Anesthesia, Salzburg, Austria. Jan 2019.

Bird GL. "Improving Resilience and Addressing Burnout: Strategies to Heal Thyself and Thy Team," American Austrian Foundation & CHOP Seminar in Pediatric Anesthesia, Salzburg, Austria. Jan 2019.

Bird GL. "More Effective Teams and Improving Results: Continuity, Handover, and Communication Between the OR and ICU," American Austrian Foundation & CHOP Seminar in Pediatric Anesthesia, Salzburg, Austria. Jan 2019.

2018

Bird GL. "The Alert That Cried Wolf: Mitigating Alert Fatigue in Critical Care Areas," Abstract presented at Children's Hospital Association: Improving Pediatric Sepsis Outcomes Meeting, Atlanta, GA. Dec 2018.

Bird GL. "Outcomes of Blood Conservation and Transfusion in CHD Surgical Patient" Hospital Pereira Rossell, Montevideo, Uruguay. Apr 2018.

Bird GL. "Organizational Learning from Critical Event Review: the Philadelphia Experience" Ateneo of Pediatric Cardiology at Hospital Pereira Rossell, Montevideo, Uruguay. Apr 2018.

Bird GL. "Improving Team Resilience and Addressing Clinician Burnout: Strategies to Heal Thyself and Thy Team" Hospital Pereira Rossell, Montevideo, Uruguay. Apr 2018.

Bird GL. "More Effective Teams and Improving Results: Continuity, Handover, and Communication between the OR and ICU" ICI, Instituto Cardiologia Integral, and Sanatorio Americano, Montevideo, Uruguay. Apr 2018.

Bird GL. "Between the OR and ICU - Continuity, Handover, and Communication," Invited Lecture in PLENARY  #3 Effective Teams, Improving Results: Nodes of Transitional Care, Cardiology 2018 21st Annual Update on Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Disease, Scottsdale, AZ. Feb 2018.

 

Awards and Honors

2018, Physician Partnering Award, selected by CHOP Nursing Leadership, CHOP
2017, Certificate of Excellence, Clinical Documentation Department, CHOP
2013, Physician Partnering Award nominated by CHOP Cardiac Center Nursing Leadership
2009, "Outstanding Attending" in CICU Emmy Awards as voted upon by CICU Nursing Staff
2006, SuPEERior person by Employee Peers for Demonstrating Service Excellence

Editorial and Academic Positions

Editorial Positions

2020-present, ad hoc reviewer, Journal of Pediatric Intensive Care
2016-present, ad-hoc reviewer, Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
2014-present, ad-hoc reviewer, Congenital Heart Disease
2004-present, ad hoc reviewer, Cardiology in the Young

Academic and Institutional Committees

2019-present, Member and Lead Clinical Operations Representative, Clinical Care Committee
2019-present, Capacity Management Leadership Team
2019-present, Committee Chair, Safety and Clinical Operations Council
2019-present, Billing Resolution Committee
2018-present, Cardiac ICU Representative, Laboratory Stewardship Program
2018-present, Clinical Communications Committee
2017-present, Credentials Committee
2017-present, Cognitive Bias Think Tank Workgroup
2017-present, Departmental Representative from Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Bylaws Committee
2016-present, Patient Safety Action Item Meeting or (AIM). A CHOP leadership forum that meets quarterly as a sub-committee of the Patient Safety Committee (PSC)
2016-present, Cardiac ICU Harm Prevention Steering Committee
2015-present, Cardiac Center Cardiac Arrest Quality Improvement Committee
2015-present, KAPS "Keeping All People Safe" Safety Event Review Team
2014-present, Clinical Information Technology Advisory Committee, Executive Committee of the Medical Staf
2013-present, CICU Physician Representative, Cardiac Center Data Governance Committee
2012-present, Physician Lead, Cardiac Center Sepsis Quality Improvement Team
2012-present, Lead CICU Physician for NEAR4KIDS (National Emergency Airway Registry)
2011-present, Clinical Champion / Physician Lead for CHOP Cardiac ICU with PC4 (Pediatric Cardiac Critical Care Consortium)
2011-present, Medical Education Council
2010-present, Patient Safety Committee
2010-present, Advisor/Sponsor/Lead Clinician for dozens of Root Cause Analyses, and Apparent Cause Analyses across the Cardiac Center and across CHOP's Enterprise
2010-present, ECMO Operations Committee
2010-present, Information Systems Clinical Data and Reporting Quality Committee
2010-present, Unit Leadership Partners Committee
1999-present, Continuing Medical Education Committee

Leadership and Memberships

Memberships in Professional Organizations

International

2004-present, Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Society

National

2006-present, Multi-Societal Pediatric and Congenital Cardiovascular Database Committee
1996-present, Society of Critical Care Medicine
1994-present, American Academy of Pediatrics, Fellow