Robert R. Clancy, MD, is a pediatric neurologist, founder of the Pediatric Epilepsy Program at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) and holder of the Tristram C. Colket, Jr., Endowed Chair in Pediatric Neurology.

Dr. Clancy has a special interest in neonatal neurology, neonatal seizures, neuroprotection, pediatric EEG and epilepsy. His aim is to bring excellence in care to the children he works with.

“I want the same thing for my patients as I do for my own kids and grandkids,” he says.

Dr. Clancy is a member of the CHOP Pediatric Pharmacologic Research Unit (PPRU) and holds the Tristram C. Colket, Jr. Endowed Chair in Pediatric Neurology.

Along with his work at CHOP, Dr. Clancy is a Professor of Neurology and Pediatrics at the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine. He is also involved in international medical education including the Salzburg medical seminars, Korea, China and Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

In addition to his clinical role, Dr. Clancy is a researcher focused on preventing chronic epilepsy after an acute brain injury. With his colleagues, Dr. Clancy is mapping how seizures in newborns behave over time. The goal is to prevent epilepsy from developing.

Dr. Clancy served as the principal investigator (PI) for the single-center NIH sponsored “Allopurinol Neurocardiac Protection Trial” and site PI or co-investigator for other NIH-sponsored trials, including the multi-centered “Childhood Absence Epilepsy” study.

He has authored or co-authored more than 120 full length peer-reviewed research articles, more than 120 abstracts, more than 50 chapters in textbooks and co-authored 3 books, including the 3-volume “Atlas of Electroencephalography.” He has given nearly 300 invited lectures nationally and internationally.

Education and Training

Medical School

MD - Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD


Pediatrics - Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD


Pediatrics - Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD
Pediatric Neurology - Stanford University Medical Center, Stanford, CA


EEG and Epilepsy - Stanford Hospital, Stanford, CA

Board Certification

Child Neurology
Electroencephalography and Evoked Potentials

Titles and Academic Titles

Attending Physician

Founder, Pediatric Regional Epilepsy Program

Tristram C. Colket, Jr. Endowed Chair in Pediatric Neurology

Professor of Neurology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Departments and Services

Research Interests

Neonatal seizures
Neonatal EEG
EEG signal processing
Clinical epilepsy
Neurologic associations with cardiac surgery for congenital heart defects




Grasty MA, Ittenbach RF, Knightly C, Solot CB, Gerdes M, Bernbaum JC, Wernovsky G, Spray TL, Nicolson SC, Clancy RR, Licht DJ, Zackai E, Gaynor JW, Burnham NB. Hearing Loss after Cardiac Surgery in Infancy: An Unintended Consequence of Life-Saving Care. Journal of Pediatrics. 2018 Jan;192:144-151.e1.


Schultz AH, Ittenbach RF, Gerdes M, Jarvik GP, Wernovsky G, Bernbaum J, Solot C, Clancy RR, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, McDonald-McGinn D, Zackai E, Gaynor JW. Effect of congenital heart disease on 4-year neurodevelopment within multiple-gestation births. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2017 Jul;154(1):273-281.e2.

Bean Jaworski JL, Flynn T, Burnham N, Chittams JL, Sammarco T, Gerdes M, Bernbaum JC, Clancy RR, Solot CB, Zackai EH, McDonald-McGinn DM, Gaynor JW. Rates of autism and potential risk factors in children with congenital heart defects. Congenit Heart Dis. 2017 Jul;12(4):421-429.

Smith DM, Dicker LH, Davis MJ, Clancy RR. Measuring the Severity of Neonatal Seizures: Temporal-Spatial Burden. J Clin Neurophysiol. 2017 Mar;34(2):151-157.


Diaz LK, Gaynor JW, Koh SJ, Ittenbach RF, Gerdes M, Bernbaum JC, Zackai EH, Clancy RR, Rehman MA, Pennington JW, Burnham N, Spray TL, Nicolson SC. Increasing cumulative exposure to volatile anesthetic agents is associated with poorer neurodevelopmental outcomes in children with hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2016 Aug;152(2):482-9. 


Stevenson NJ, Clancy RR, Vanhatalo S, Rosén I, Rennie JM, Boylan GB. Interobserver agreement for neonatal seizure detection using multichannel EEG. Ann Clin Transl Neurol. 2015 Oct 1;2(11):1002-11.

Skjei KL, Church EW, Harding BN, Santi M, Holland-Bouley KD, Clancy RR, Porter BE, Heuer GG, Marsh ED. Clinical and histopathological outcomes in patients with SCN1A mutations undergoing surgery for epilepsy. J Neurosurg Pediatr. 2015 Dec;16(6):668-74. 

Naim MY, Gaynor JW, Chen J, Nicolson SC, Fuller S, Spray TL, Dlugos DJ, Clancy RR, Costa LV, Licht DJ, Xiao R, Meldrum H, Abend NS. Subclinical seizures identified by postoperative electroencephalographic monitoring are common after neonatal cardiac surgery.  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2015;150(1):169-178.


Maryam Y. Naim, J. William Gaynor, Jodi Chen, Susan C. Nicolson, Stephanie Fuller, Thomas L. Spray, Dennis J. Dlugos, Robert R. Clancy, Livia Vianez, Daniel J. Licht, Nicholas S. Abend: Subclinical Seizures Identified by Postoperative Electroencephalographic Monitoring are Common Following Infant Cardiac Surgery. J Thoracic Cardiovasc Surgery 2014.  

Abend NS, Topjian AA, Gutierrez-Colina AM, Donnelly M, Clancy RR, Dlugos DJ: Impact of Continuous EEG Monitoring on Clinical Management in Critically Ill Children. Neurocrit Care. 2011 Aug;15(1):70-5. doi: 10.1007/s12028-010-9380-z.


J. William Gaynor, Gail P. Jarvik, Marsha Gerdes, Daniel S. Kim, Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan, Judy Bernbaum, Gil Wernovsky, Susan C. Nicolson, Thomas L. Spray, Robert R. Clancy: Post-operative Electroencephalographic Seizures are Associated with Deficits in Executive Function and Social Behaviors at 4 Years of Age Following Cardiac Surgery in Infancy. J Thoracic Cardiovasc Surg 146: 132-9, 2013.  

Tsuchida T, Wusthoff Courtney J, Shellhaas Renee A, Abend Nicholas S, Hahn Cecil, Sullivan Joseph, Nguyen Sylvie, Weinstein Steven, Scher Mark, Riviello James J, Clancy Robert R.: ACNS Standardized EEG Terminology and Categorization for the Description of Continuous EEG Monitoring in Neonates. Report of the American Clinical Neurophysiology Society Critical Care Monitoring Committee Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology 30: 161-173, 2013. 

J. William Gaynor, Richard F. Ittenbach, Marsha Gerdes, Judy Bernbaum, Robert R. Clancy, Donna M. McDonald-McGinn, Elaine H. Zackai, Gil Wernovsky, Susan C. Nicolson, Thomas L. Spray: Neurodevelopmental Outcomes in Preschool Survivors of the Fontan Procedure. J. Thorac Cardio Surgery 2013. 

Clark A, Mondick JT, Cloyed J, Zuppa A, Ling X, Raol Y and Calcy RR: Pharmacokinetics of Intraperitoneal Topiramate Administered to Neonatal Rat Pups. Pediatric Research 73: 317-324, 2013. 



Clancy RR and Wusthoff CW: The Abnormal Neonatal EEG and Neonatal Seizures (interactive DVD book).   Moberg Multimedia Dec  2014


Clancy RR and Wusthoff CW:  The Normal Neonatal EEG (interactive DVD book.  Moberg Multimedia  Feb  2011.


Sperling MR and Clancy RR: :  Atlas of Electroencephalography.   Volumes I, II and III Elsevier, Amsterdam, The Netherlands 1996.


Kevin Chapman, Eli Mizrahi and Robert Clancy: : "Neonatal Seizures" in The Treatment of Epilepsy:   Principles and Practice. Elaine Wyllie, MD (Editor) (eds.). Lea & Febiger, 6th edition : 431-453, Philadelphia 2015.

Massey S and Clancy RR: "Perioperative EEG Monitoring in Newborn Heart Surgery" Neuromonitoring in Neonatal and Pediatric Critical Care Textbook. edited by (Courtney Wustoff and Cecil Hahn, editors, 2016). (eds.). 2015.


Clancy RR, Kellaway P, Bergqvist C, Dlugos Dennis J., Nordli DA.G.: Normal Pediatric EEG: Neonates and Children. Current Practice of Clinical EEG John S. Ebersole MD, and Timothy Pedley MD, (eds.). Lippincott-Raven Publishers, 4th Edition: 2014 


Wusthoff C and Clancy R: Neonatal Neurology in Fetal & Neonatal Secrets. Hanley and Belfas,Philadelphia (in press) R Polin and A. Spitzer (eds.). 2013.  


Clancy R: "Seizure Disorders"; in (Schwarz W, Blum N, Curry, T, Fein J and Sargent J, eds.). Pediatric Primary Care, Year Book Medical Publishers, 3: 1997 

Posters and Presentations


Massey S, Clancy R, Digiovine M, Fitzgerald MP, Fung F, Shou H, Farrar J, Abend NS. Inter-rater agreement in neonatal electroencephalogram background scoring. American Epilepsy Society Annual Meeting, Dec. 2017, Washington, D.C.

Invited Lectures


Clancy R. The 10th International Conference on Brain Monitoring and Neuroprotection in the Newborn" Cork, Ireland. October 5-7, 2017. "Workshop for Conventional EEG Interpretation"; "Long term EEG monitoring following newborn heart surgery". Oct 2017.

Clancy R. J Kiffin Penry Epilepsy Educational Foundation: Resident's Program June 14-15, 2017 Wake Forrest School of Medicine, Winston Salem North Carolina: "General principles of EEG in pediatric epilepsy"; "Pediatric Epilepsy";" Genetic Syndromes with Prominent Epilepsy", "Neonatal Seizures and Infantile Spasm";  "Intractable Epilepsy Workshop" and Alternative Treatments and the Ketogenic Diet. Jun 2017.

Clancy R. Course Director J Kiffin Penry Epilepsy Educational Foundation: Pediatric Epilepsy Preceptorship  Wake Forrest School of Medicine, Winston Salem North Carolina: "General principles of EEG in pediatric epilepsy"; "Epilepsy Mimics"; "Neonatal Seizures" and Development of the Normal Neonatal EEG." Apr 2017.

Awards and Honors

  • 2006-2007, Faculty Honor Roll for Teaching, Department of Pediatrics
  • 2005, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Endowed Chair in Pediatric Neurology Research
  • 2005-2006, Faculty Honor Roll for Teaching, Department of Pediatrics
  • 1988, Louis R. Dinon Award for Excellence in Teaching (Honorable Mention), Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 1986, Teacher of the Year, Dept. of Neurology; Univ. of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
  • 1971-1975, Monsour Medical Foundation Scholarship Award
  • 1971, Georgetown University Presidential Awards; 1st Place in Mathematics and Chemistry
  • 1970, Phi Beta Kappa

Editorial and Academic Positions

Editorial Positions

Ad Hoc Reviewer

Annals of Neurology
Clinical Pediatrics
Pediatric Emergency Care
Brain and Development (Japan)
Journal of Clinical Neurophysiology
Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Epilepsy Research
The New England Journal of Medicine
Neuroradiology and The Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Nature Clinical Practice Neurology
International Journal of Pediatrics and Neonatology

Leadership and Memberships

Memberships in Professional Organizations

  • 1985-present, The Child Neurology Society
    • 1991-present, Awards Committee
    • 1989-present, Archives and History Committee 
  • 1984-present, The Irish and American Pediatric Society
  • 1984-present, The American Epilepsy Society
    • 1992-present, Scientific Selection Committee
  • 1984-present, American Academy for Cerebral Palsy and Developmental Medicine
  • 1982-present, American Academy of Pediatrics
  • 1979-present, American Academy of Neurology