View my expanded bio.
Education and Training
MD - University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH
Pediatrics - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
Pediatrics - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Anesthesiology - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA
Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia and Critical Care - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
Pediatric Anesthesia and Critical Care - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
AnesthesiologyCritical CarePediatric AnesthesiologyPediatric Critical CarePediatrics
Master's in Healthcare Management - Harvard University School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA
Titles and Academic Titles
Medical Advisor to the Risk Management Department
Associate Professor of Anesthesia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Departments and Services
Nayar V, Kennedy A, Pappas J, Atchley KD, Field C, Smathers S, Teszner EE, Sammons JS, Coffin SE, Gerber JS, Spray TL, Steven JM, Bell LM, Forrer J, Gonzalez F, Chi A, Nieczpiel JN, Martin J, Gaynor JW; Improving Cardiac Surgical Site Infection Reporting and Prevention by Using Registry Data for Case Ascertainment. Ann Thorac Surg. 2016 Jan;101(1):190-8; discussion 198-9.
Murphy MO, Glatz AC, Goldberg DJ, Rogers LS, Ravishankar C, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Fuller S, Spray TL, Gaynor JW; Management of early Fontan failure: A single
institution experience. Eur J Cardiothor Surg, 46(3):458-64, 2014.
Thiagarajan RR, Bird GL, Harrington K, Charpie JR, Ohye RC, Steven JM, Epstein M, Laussen PC; Improving safety for children with cardiac disease. Cardiol in the Young 17 (Suppl 2): 127-32, 2007.
Gould DS, Montenegro LM, Gaynor JW, Lacy SA, Ittenback R, Stephens P, Steven JM, Spray TL, Nicolson SC; A comparison of on-site and off-site PDA ligations in premature infants. Pediatrics 112:1298-1301, 2003.
Seifert HA, Jobes DR, Have TT, Kimmel SE, Montenegro LM, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Strom BL; Adverse events after protarnine administration following cardiopulmonary bypass in infants and children. Anesth analg 97:383-9, 2003.
Gaynor JW, Bridges ND, Cohen MI, Mahle WT, DeCampli WM, Steven JM, et al; Predictors of outcome after the Fontan operation: Is hypoplastic left heart syndrome still a risk factor? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2002 123(2):237-45.
Ramamoorthy C, Tabbutt S, Kurth CD, Steven JM, Montenegro LM, Durning S, et al; Effects of inspired hypoxic and hypercapnic gas mixtures on cerebral oxygen saturation in neonates with univentricular heart defects. Anesthesiology 2002 96(2):283-8.
Mott AR, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Godinez RI, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, et al. Improved results with cavopulmonary connections for functional single ventricle. Cardiol Young 2001 11:3-11.
Clancy RR, McGaurn SA, Goin JE, Hirtz DG, Norwood WI, Gaynor JW, Jacobs ML, Wernovsky G, Mahle WT, Murphy JD, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, et al. Allopurinol neuro-cardiac protection trial in infants undergoing heart surgery utilizing deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. 2001 Pediatrics 108:61-70.
Kurth CD, Steven JM, Montenegro LM, Watzman HM, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, et al; Cerebral oxygen saturation before congenital heart surgery. 2001 Ann Thorac Surg 72:187-92.
Tabbutt S, Ramamoorthy C, Montenegro LM, Durning SM, Kurth CD, Steven JM, et al. Impact of inspired gas mixtures on pre-operative infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome during controlled ventilation. 2001 Circulation 104(suppl I): I-159-64.
Watzman HM, Kurth CD, Rome J, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Montenegro LM; Validation of phase-modulated near infrared spectroscopy with cerebral oxygen saturation measurements in children. Anesthesiology 2000 93:947-53
Yang S-G, Novello R, Nicolson S, Steven J, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, et al. Evaluation of ventricular septal defect repair using intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography: Frequency and significance of residual defects in infants and children. Echocardiography 2000 17:681-4.
Cohen MI, Gaynor JW, Ramesh V, Karl T, Steven JM, Clark BJ, Rhodes LA. ECMO for patients with refractory ventricular arrhythmias. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999 118:961-2.
Koutlas TC, Bridges ND, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Spray TL; Pediatric lung transplantation: Are there surgical contraindications? Transplantation , 63:269-274, 1997.
Kurth CD, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Jacobs ML; Cerebral oxygenation during cardiopulmonary bypass in children.JThorac Cardiovasc Surg, 113:71-79, 1997.
Koutlas TC, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Wemovsky G, Spray TL; Modified ultrafiltration reduces postoperative morbidity after cavopulmonary connection. Ann Thorac Surg, 64: 37-42, 1997.
Kurth CD, Steven JM, Nicolson SC; Cerebral oxygenation during pediatric cardiac surgery using deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. Anesthesiology 82:74-82,1995.
Benaron DA, Gwiazdowski S, Kurth CD, Steven JM, Delivoria-Papadopoulos M, Chance B; Optical path length of754 run and 816 run light emitted into the head ofinfants,JC/in Monit 11:109-117, 1995.
Jacobs ML, Rychik J, Donofrio MT, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Murphy JD, Norwood WI; Avoidance of subaortic obstruction in staged management of single ventricle. Ann Thorac Surg 60:S543-5, 1995.
Jacobs ML, Chin AJ, Rychik J, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Norwood WI; Interrupted aortic arch: Impact of subaortic stenosis on management and outcome. Circulation,
Jacobs ML, Rychik J, Murphy JD, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Norwood WI; Results of Norwood operation for lesions other than hypoplastic left heart syndrome. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 110:1555-61, 1995.
Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Kurth CD, Krucylak CP, Jobes DR; Anesthesia for noncardiac surgery in infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome following hemi-Fontan operation. J Cardiothor Vase Anesth 8:334-336, 1994.
Steven JM, Nicolson SC; Monitoring of nasopharyngeal and rectal temperatures is an adequate guide of brain cooling before deep hypothermic circulatory arrest: Pro. J Cardiothor Vase Anesth 8:360-362, 1994.
Stayer SA, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Jobes DR, Stanley C, Baumgart S; The metabolic effects of surface cooling neonates prior to cardiac surgery. Anesth Analg 79:834-839, 1994.
Reynolds LM, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Escobar A, McGonigle ME, Jobes DR; Influence of sensor site location on pulse oximetry kinetics in children. Anesth Analg 76:751-754, 1993.
Kurth CD, Steven JM, Benaron DA, Chance B; Near infrared monitoring of the cerebral circulation. J Clin Mon 9: 163-170, 1993.
Reynolds LM, Nicolson SC, Jobes DR, Steven JM, Norwood WI, McGonigle ME, Manno CS; Desmopressin does not decrease bleeding after cardiac surgery in young children.J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 106:954-958, 1993.
DiCarlo JV, Raphaely RC, Steven JM, Norwood WI, Costarino AT; Pulmonary mechanics in infants after cardiac surgery. Crit Care Med 20:22-27, 1992.
Nicolson SC, Jobes DR, Zucker H, Steven JM, Schreiner MS, Betts EK; The effect of administering or withholding dextrose in prebypass intravenous fluids on intraoperative blood glucose concentrations in infants undergoing cardiac surgery using hypothermic circulatory arrest. J Cardiothor Vase Anesth 6:316-318, 1992.
Jobes DR, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Miller M, Jacobs ML, Norwood WI; CO2 prevents pulmonary overcirculation in hypoplastic left heart syndrome, Ann Thor Surg 54: 15 0-1, 1992.
Kurth CD, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Chance B, Delivoria-Papadopoulos M; Kinetics of cerebral deoxygenation during deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in neonates.
Anesthesiology 77:656-661, 1992.
Nicolson SC, Jobes DR, Steven JM, Hillyer P, Handrahan JV, Evaluation of a user operated patient-side blood gas and chemistry monitor in children undergoing cardiac surgery,JCardiothor Anesth 3:741-744, 1989.
Strife JL, Smith P, Dunbar JS, Steven JM. Chest tube perforation of the lung in premature infants: Radiographic recognition, Am J Roentgenol 141: 73-75, 1983.
Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Diaz LK, Andropoulos DB; Anesthesia for the patient with a single ventricle. In Andropoulos DB, Stayer SA, Moussad EB, Miller-Hance WC (eds) Anesthesia/or Congenital Heart Disease, 3rd Edition, 2015.
Diaz LK, Nicolson SC, Steven JM; Anesthesia for the patient with a single ventricle. In Andropoulos DB, Stayer SA, Russel IA, Moussad EB (eds) Anesthesia/or Congenital Hearl Disease, 2nd Edition, Wiley Blackwell, 2010.
McGowan FX, Steven JM; Cardiovascular physiology and pharmacology in children.In Cote CJ, Ryan JF, Todres ID. Goudsouzian NG (eds)A practice of anesthesia/or infants and children. Fourth edition. Elsevier, Philadelphia, 2009.
Browne AM, Mullen R, Teets J, Bollig A, Steven JM. Common Cause Analysis: Focus on institutional change. In: Advances in Patient Safety: New Directions and Alternative Approaches. Volume 1. Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, Rockville, MD, 2008.
Steven JM, Marino BS, Jobes DR; Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome. In. Nichols DG, Ungerleider RM, Spevak PJ, et al.(eds) Critical Heart Disease in Infants and Children 2nd Ed. Mosby, Philadelphia, 2006.
Greeley WJ, Steven JM, Nicolson SC; Anesthesia for pediatric cardiac surgery. In Miller RD (ed) Miller's Anesthesia. Sixth Edition, Elsevier Churchill Livingstone, 2005.
McGowan FX, Steven JM; Cardiovascular physiology and pharmacology in children.In Cote CJ, Ryan JF, Todres ID, Goudsouzian NG (eds) A practice of anesthesia for infants and children. Third edition. Saunders, Philadelphia, 2001.
Greeley WJ, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Kem FA; Pediatric cardiac anesthesia. In Mi11er RD (ed) Anesthesia. Fifth Edition, Churchill Livingstone, 2000.
Steven JM, Nicolson SC; Congenital Heart Disease. In Greeley WJ (ed) Pediatric Anesthesia. Volume VJ!. Miller RD (ed) Atlas of Anesthesia, Current Medicine, Philadelphia, 1999 .
Land W, Steven JM; Laryngospasm. In Atlee J (ed) Complications in Anesthesiology, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1999.
Nicolson SC, Steven JM; Upper respiratory tract infection. In Atlee J ( ed) Complications in Anesthesiology, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1999.
Steven JM; Heart and Lung Transplantation in Children. in Lake CL (ed) Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia, 3rd edition, Appleton Lange, Norwalk, CT,1998.
Nicolson SC, Jobes DR, Steven JM; Hypoplastic left heart syndrome in Lake CL (ed) Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia, 3rd edition, Appleton Lange, Norwalk, CT, 1998.
Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Jobes DR; Univentricular heart: Staging through the Fontan operation. in Greeley WJ (ed) Congenital Heart Disease, Williams & Wilkins, Baltimore, 1996.
Steven JM, Cohen DE, and Sclabassi RJ; Equipment and monitoring in Motayama EK and Davis PJ Smith's Anesthesia for Infants and Children, 6th edition, C.V. Mosby, Saint Louis, 1996.
Steven JM, Raphaely RC, Edmunds LH, Downes JJ; Respiratory support in infants. in Sabiston DC, Jr, and Spencer FC (eds) Surgery of the Chest 6th Edition, Saunders, Philadelphia, 1995.
Schmitz ML, Nicolson SC, Steven JM; Neonatal coagulopathies: Diagnosis and management. in Lake CL and Moore RA (eds) Blood: Hemostasis, Transfusion and Alternatives in the Perioperative Period, Raven Press, New York, 1995.
Steven JM, Downes JJ; Neonatal anesthesia, in Healy TEJ and Cohen PJ (eds) Wylie and Churchill-Davidson's A Practice ofAnaesthesia, Edward Arnold, London, 1995.
Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Jobes DR; Hypoplastic left heart syndrome, in Nichols DG, Cameron DE, Greeley WJ, et al. (eds) Critical Heart Disease in Infants and Children, Mosby, St. Louis, 1995.
Steven JM, Nicolson SC; Monitoring the pediatric patient in Blitt CD and Hines R(eds) Monitoring in Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine 3rd Edition, Churchill Livingstone, 1994.
Steven JM, Kurth CD; Heart and lung transplantation in children, in Lake CL (ed) Pediatric Cardiac Anesthesia, 2nd edition, Appleton Lange, Norwalk, CT, 1993.
Steven JM, Anesthesia and CPR in the oncology patient, in D'Angio GJ (ed) Practical Problems in Pediatric Oncology, Edward Arnold, London, 1992.
Steven JM and Raphaely RC, Care of the patient who has undergone surgical therapy for congenital heart disease in Tinker J and Zapol W (eds),Care of the Critically Ill Patient, 2nd edition, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1992.
Cohen DE and Steven JM, Anesthesia for orthopedic procedures in Smith RM, Motayama EK, et.al. (eds) Smith's Anesthesia for Infants and Children, 5th edition, C.V. Mosby, Saint Louis, 1990.
Steven JM and Cohen DE, Equipment and monitoring in Smith RM, Motayama EK, et.al. (eds) Smith's Anesthesia for Infants and Children, 5th edition, C.V. Mosby, Saint Louis, 1990.
Nicolson SC, Steven JM, and Betts EK Monitoring the pediatric patient in Blitt CD(ed) Monitoring in Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine 2nd Edition, Churchill Livingstone, 1990.
Posters and Presentations
Steven JM. Anesthetic Implications Following Congenital Heart Surgery. Visiting lecture at New York Medical College: January 6, 2000; Valhalla, New York.
Steven JM. Anesthesia for Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: Emerging From General Anesthesia. Presented at Cardiology y2k: Annual update in pediatric cardiovascular disease: February 10-13, 2000; Orlando, Florida.
Steven JM. Inotropes and Neonates: A Developmental Approach. Presented at: Pediatric Anesthesiology Society for Pediatric Anesthesia: February 25-27, 2000; Sanibel Island, Florida.
Steven JM. Anesthesia for Adult Congenital Heart Surgery. Presented at International Congress of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia: June 2-4, 2000; Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
Steven JM. Con: Regional Anesthesia for Bypass. Presented at the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia: October 12, 2001; New Orleans, Louisiana.
Awards and Honors
2001-2016 - Best Doctors
2001, Top Docs for Kids, Philadelphia Magazine
1999, Dean's Award for Teaching, The University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine
1994-1995, The Best Doctors in America
1984, Freda Ritter Award as Pediatric Clinician of the Year, The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia
1981, Alpha Omega Alpha
1978, Frederic Kenney Award in Pediatric Research, Midwest Society for Pediatric Research
Editorial and Academic Positions
1997-present, Reviewer, Anesthesia and Analgesia
Leadership and Memberships
Memberships in Professional Organizations
2000-present, Association of University Anesthesiologists
1991-present, American Academy of Pediatrics, Fellow
1989-present, Society for Pediatric Anesthesia
1984-present, International Anesthesia Research Society
1984-present, American Society of Anesthesiologists
Patient Experience Ratings
About the Patient Experience Rating System
The Patient Experience Rating is an average of all responses to the care provider related questions shown above from our nationally-recognized Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Patients that are treated in outpatient or hospital environments may receive different surveys, and the volume of responses will vary by question.
Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the best score.
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The comments are submitted by patients and families and reflect their views and opinions. The comments are not endorsed by and do not reflect the views of Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.