James M. Steven, MD, SM

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James M. Steven, MD, is an attending anesthesiologist with the Division of Cardiac Anesthesia and Medical Advisor to the Risk Management Department at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Areas of Expertise: Clinical effectiveness, Clinical investigation, Patient safety, Resident/fellowship training and continuing medical education
Locations: Main Hospital
Phone: 215-590-4040


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Education and Training

Medical School

MD - University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Cincinnati, OH


The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA


Pediatric Cardiac Care Anesthesia and Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

Board Certification

American Board of Anesthesiology
American Board of Pediatrics

Graduate Degree

Harvard University School of Public Health, Cambridge, MA

Titles and Academic Titles

Medical Advisor to the Risk Management Department

Attending Anesthesiologist

Associate professor of Anesthesia, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Departments and Services



Gaynor JW, Bridges ND, Cohen MI, Mahle WT, DeCampli WM, Steven JM, et al;  Predictors of outcome after the Fontan operation: Is hypoplastic left heart syndrome still a risk factor? J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2002 123(2):237-45.

Ramamoorthy C, Tabbutt S, Kurth CD, Steven JM, Montenegro LM, Durning S, et al; Effects of inspired hypoxic and hypercapnic gas mixtures on cerebral oxygen saturation in neonates with univentricular heart defects.  Anesthesiology 2002 96(2):283-8.

Mott AR, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Godinez RI, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, et al. Improved results with cavopulmonary connections for functional single ventricle. Cardiol Young 2001 11:3-11.

Clancy RR, McGaurn SA, Goin JE, Hirtz DG, Norwood WI, Gaynor JW, Jacobs ML, Wernovsky G, Mahle WT, Murphy JD, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, et al. Allopurinol neuro-cardiac protection trial in infants undergoing heart surgery utilizing deep hypothermic circulatory arrest.  2001 Pediatrics 108:61-70.

Kurth CD, Steven JM, Montenegro LM, Watzman HM, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, et al; Cerebral oxygen saturation before congenital heart surgery.  2001 Ann Thorac Surg 72:187-92.

Tabbutt S, Ramamoorthy C, Montenegro LM, Durning SM, Kurth CD, Steven JM, et al. Impact of inspired gas mixtures on pre-operative infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome during controlled ventilation. 2001 Circulation 104(suppl I): I-159-64.

Watzman HM, Kurth CD, Rome J, Nicolson SC, Steven JM, Montenegro LM; Validation of phase-modulated near infrared spectroscopy with cerebral oxygen saturation measurements in children. Anesthesiology 2000 93:947-53.

Yang S-G, Novello R, Nicolson S, Steven J, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, et al. Evaluation of ventricular septal defect repair using intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography: Frequency and significance of residual defects in infants and children.  Echocardiography 2000 17:681-4.

Cohen MI, Gaynor JW, Ramesh V, Karl T, Steven JM, Clark BJ, Rhodes LA. ECMO for patients with refractory ventricular arrhythmias. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 1999 118:961-2.



Steven JM, Nicolson SC. Anesthetic management for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. In: Wernovsky G and Rychik J (eds). In press

McGowan FX, Steven JM. Cardiovascular physiology and pharmacology in children. In Coté CJ, Ryan JF, Todres ID, Goudsouzian NG, editors. A practice of anesthesia for infants and children. Third ed. Philadelphia: Saunders; 2001.

Greeley WJ, Steven JM, Nicolson SC, Kern FA. Pediatric cardiac anesthesia. In Miller RD editor. Anesthesia. Fourth ed. St. Louis (Mo.): Churchill Livingstone; 2000.

Steven JM, Nicolson SC. Congenital Heart Disease. In Greeley WJ editor. Pediatric anesthesia. Volume VII.  Miller RD editor. In: Atlas of anesthesia, current medicine, Philadelphia; 1999.

Land W, Steven JM; Laryngospasm.  In Atlee J editor. Complications in anesthesiology. Philadelphia: Saunders;1999.

Nicolson SC, Steven JM; Upper respiratory tract infection. In Atlee J editor. Complications in anesthesiology. Philadelphia: Saunders;1999.

Posters and Presentations

Steven JM. Anesthetic Implications Following Congenital Heart Surgery. Visiting lecture at New York Medical College: January 6, 2000; Valhalla, New York.

Steven JM. Anesthesia for Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome: Emerging From General Anesthesia. Presented at Cardiology y2k: Annual update in pediatric cardiovascular disease: February 10-13, 2000; Orlando, Florida.

Steven JM.  Inotropes and Neonates: A Developmental Approach. Presented at: Pediatric Anesthesiology Society for Pediatric Anesthesia: February 25-27, 2000; Sanibel Island, Florida.
Steven JM. Anesthesia for Adult Congenital Heart Surgery. Presented at International Congress of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia: June 2-4, 2000; Quebec City, Quebec, Canada.
Steven JM. Con: Regional Anesthesia for Bypass. Presented at the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia: October 12, 2001; New Orleans, Louisiana.