Both the U.S. House and Senate passed a bill, The Gabriella Miller Kids First Research Act, which would pay for pediatric research with taxpayer funding that was earmarked for the 2016 and 2020 political party conventions. Currently, about a quarter of the funding for Democratic and Republican conventions comes from public resources. 

"Despite children accounting for nearly 20 percent of our nation’s population, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) has historically invested a far smaller percentage of research dollars — between 5 and 10 percent — in pediatric biomedical research,” the Children’s Hospital Association wrote in a letter to House Energy and Commerce Chairman Fred Upton last summer.

The bill has been sent to President Barack Obama. The White House has not commented on whether the President plans to sign the bill.