A food challenge test is the best way to both confirm a food allergy and see if your child has outgrown a food allergy. Your child will be given small but increasing amounts of the food and monitored very closely for any reaction.
Only one food can be tested at a time. During the challenge test, your child will be in a hospital setting. By the end of the day, your child will need to ingest a serving size of the food in question.
If your child has an allergic reaction during the food challenge test:
- He will be treated by a team of physicians and nurses experienced in the management of allergic reactions.
- Medications such as epinephrine, antihistamines, steroids and albuterol will be given as needed. Occasionally, a child may need an IV line placed for administration of fluids and/or IV medications.
- If your child requires further observation, he may need admission to the hospital or emergency room. This is rare.