Drowning is one of the three leading causes of unintentional injury death for all children ages 0-19 years. It is the leading cause of injury-related death among children between 1 and 4 years old. Drowning often occurs silently when an unsupervised child is near water ― and it takes only seconds to drown.
Children can drown in just 1 inch of water, such as in buckets, bath tubs, wading pools, diaper pails and toilets. In addition, hot tubs, spas and open waters, such as oceans, rivers and lakes, pose a drowning threat to older children. The most common setting where children in the US drown is open water.
Consider these facts about drowning:
- When a child is submerged for two minutes in water, he or she loses consciousness.
- Brain damage can occur within five minutes of water submersion.
- With each additional minute a child is submerged, the severity of the outcome worsens.