Also called cradle cap, seborrheic dermatitis in the infant is characterized by fine, white scales. However, seborrheic dermatitis can also occur in the diaper area, face, neck, and trunk. Seborrheic dermatitis in this age group usually clears within the first year.
The exact cause of this skin condition is not known.
The following are the most common signs and symptoms of cradle cap. However, each child may experience symptoms differently. Symptoms include dry or greasy scales on the scalp. Scalp may also appear red. It usually does not itch.
Cradle cap is usually diagnosed based on physical examination of your child. The rash involved with cradle cap is unique, and can usually be diagnosed simply on physical examination.
Specific treatment for cradle cap will be determined by your child's doctor based on:
Your child's age, overall health, and medical history
Extent of the condition
Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies
Expectations for the course of the condition
Your opinion or preference
Although the condition responds to treatment, it may recur. Treatment is usually effective in helping symptoms and may include:
Rubbing the scalp with baby oil or petroleum jelly (to soften crusts before washing)
Special shampoo, as prescribed by your child's physician
Corticosteroid cream or lotion