Hand Transplantation Research Publications

Physicians and researchers from the Hand Transplantation Program at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia are regular contributors to clinical publications. Here, we highlight some of their recent publications.

In press

Amaral S, Levin LS. “Pediatric Vascular Composite Allograft Transplantation: Medical Considerations.” Current Transplantation Reports.

Mendenhall, S, Levy, T.J, Amaral, S, Benjamin, C., Levin, L.S. Hand Transplantation in Children. Pediatric Hand Surgery textbook. Chapter 48. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.

Mendenhall, S.D., Severance, G., Levy, T.J., Walsh, L., Levin, L.S. Restoration of Function Using Transplantation. In Skirven, T.M., Osterman, A.L., Fedorczyk, J., & Amadio, P.C. (Eds.), Rehabilitation of the Hand and Upper Extremity. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Mosby. (7th ed.)


Gandhi, R. A., Mendenhall, S. D., Severance, G., Levy, T. J., Ben-Amotz, O., & Levin, L. S. (2020). Measuring Functional Outcomes After Bilateral Vascularized Composite Hand Allotransplantation: A Report of 3 Cases. The Journal of Hand Surgery.


Snyder, K. J., Amaral, S., Kessler, S., Lefkowitz, D., Levy, T. J., Hewlett, J., Levin, S. & Feudtner, C. (2019). Pediatric Hand Transplantation: A Decision Analysis. HAND, 1558944719890041.


Gaetz W, Kessler S.K, Roberts T.P.L, Berman J, Levy T.J, Hsia M … Levin, LS. Massive cortical reorganization is reversible following bilateral transplants of the hands: evidence from the first successful bilateral pediatric hand transplant patient, 1-6. Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology. Brief Communication. doi: 10.1002/acn3.501. Epub November, 2017.

Amaral S, Levin LS. Pediatric and congenital hand transplantation. Current Opinion in Organ Transplantation. 2017 Oct;22(5):477-483. doi: 10.1097/MOT.0000000000000453.

Amaral S, Kessler S. K, Levy T. J, Gaetz W, McAndrew C, Chang B … Ferry K. A. 18-month outcomes of heterologous bilateral hand transplantation in a child: a case report. The Lancet Child & Adolescent Health, 1(1), 35-44. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/S2352-4642(17)30012-3. Epub 2017 Sept 1.


Galvez JA, Gralewski K, McAndrew C, Rehman MA, Chang B, Levin LS: Assessment and planning for a pediatric bilateral hand transplant using 3-dimensional modeling. 2016 Mar;41(3):341-3. doi: 10.1016/j.jhsa.2015.12.010. Epub 2016 Jan 20.

Gurnaney HG, Fladjoe JE, Levin LS, Chang B, Delvalle H, Galvez J, Rehman M. Anesthetic management of the first pediatric hand transplant. Canadian Journal of Anesthesia. 2016 Jun;63(6):731-6. doi: 10.1007/s12630-016-0625-y. Epub 2016 Mar 7.

Momeni A, Chang B, Levin LS. Technology and vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) lessons learned from the first bilateral pediatric hand transplant. J Mater Sci Mater Med. 2016 Nov;27(11):161. doi: 10.1007/s10856-016-5771-9. Epub 2016 Sep 16.

Posters and presentations

Humpl, D., Levy, T.J., Hsia, M., Ferry, K., Harris, L., & Gayle, G. (2017). “The role of occupational therapy with the first bilateral pediatric hand transplant.” Workshop presented at The American Occupational Therapy Association, annual conference, Philadelphia, Pa.

Levy, T.J. (2017). “Zion’s postoperative recovery and occupational therapy.” Presented at The Pediatric Hand Study Group, annual conference, Philadelphia, Pa.

Lefkowitz D, Feudtner C, Amaral S. "Psychosocial and ethical considerations in pediatric hand transplantation.: (Poster presented at the 9th Congress of the International Pediatric Transplant Association, Barcelona, Spain, May, 2017).

Levy, T.J., Humpl, D, Hsia, M, & Ferry, K. (2016). “Unique challenges specific to the pediatric hand transplant recipient: The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.” Presented at the American Society for Reconstructive Transplantation, biennial conference, Chicago, Il.