Babette S. Zemel, PhD

Babette S. Zemel, PhD

Babette S. Zemel, PhD, is the Associate Program Director of the Clinical and Translational Research Center, the Director of the Bionutrition Core Laboratory, and an academic investigator with the Healthy Weight Program.

Areas of Expertise: Research in growth, body composition, and bone density in children, Research in energy expenditure and dietary intake in children
Locations: Main Campus
Appointments and Referrals: 1-800-TRY-CHOP (1-800-879-2467)

Education and Training

Additional Training

National Science Foundation Graduate Fellow

Research Associate - Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research

American Association of University Women Educational Foundation Fellow

Dean's Fellow, Faculty of Arts and Sciences - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Graduate Degree

MA in Anthropology - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

PhD in Anthropology - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Titles and Academic Titles

Associate Program Director, Clinical and Translational Research Center

Director, Bionutrition Core Laboratory, Clinical and Translational Research Center

Academic Investigator, Healthy Weight Program

Director, Nutrition and Growth Laboratory

Associate Director of the Core Laboratories, The General Clinical Research Center

Leader, Metabolism, Nutrition and Development Research Affinity Group, Joseph Stokes Research Institute

Research Professor of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine Adjunct Assistant Professor of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing

Conditions Treated

Departments and Services

Publications

Papers

2017

McCormack, S.E.,  Chesi, A,  Mitchell, J.A.,  Roy,S.M.,  Cousminer, D.L.,  Kalkwarf, H.J.,  Lappe, J.M.,  Gilsanz, V,  Oberfield, S.E.,  Shepherd, J.A.,  Mahboubi, S.,  Winer, K.K.,  Kelly, A.,  Grant, S.F.A.,  Zemel, B.S.: Relative skeletal maturation and population ancestry in non-obese children and adolescents. Journal of Bone Mineral Research  32(1): 115-124, January 2017.

Kelley Jennifer C, Crabtree Nicola, Zemel Babette S: Bone Density in the Obese Child: Clinical Considerations and Diagnostic Challenges. Calcified tissue international Jan 2017.

Addo Y, Himes J,  Zemel BS: Reference ranges for mid-upper arm circumference, upper arm muscle area and upper arm fat area in U.S. children and adolescents, ages 1 to 20 years. Am J Clin Nutr 105(1): 111-120, January 2017.

2016

Wendel, D.,  Weber, D.,  Leonard, M. B.,  Magge, S. N.,  Kelly, A.,  Stallings, V. A.,  Pipan, M.,  Stettler, N.,  Zemel, B. S.: Body composition estimation using skinfolds in children with and without health conditions affecting growth and body composition. Ann Hum Biol Page: 1-13, 2016.

Roizen, J. D.,  Danzig, J.,  Groleau, V.,  McCormack, S.,  Casella, A.,  Harrington, J.,  Sochett, E.,  Tershakovec, A.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Stallings, V. A.,  Levine, M. A.: Resting Energy Expenditure Is Decreased in Pseudohypoparathyroidism Type 1A. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 101(3): 880-8, 2016.

Malone, S. K.,  Zemel, B.,  Compher, C.,  Souders, M.,  Chittams, J.,  Thompson, A. L.,  Lipman, T. H.: Characteristics Associated With Sleep Duration, Chronotype, and Social Jet Lag in Adolescents. J Sch Nurs 32(2): 120-31, 2016.

Konstantinopoulou, S.,  Tapia, I. E.,  Kim, J. Y.,  Xanthopoulos, M. S.,  Radcliffe, J.,  Cohen, M. S.,  Hanna, B. D.,  Pipan, M.,  Cielo, C.,  Thomas, A. J.,  Zemel, B.,  Amin, R.,  Bradford, R.,  Traylor, J.,  Shults, J.,  Marcus, C. L.: Relationship between obstructive sleep apnea cardiac complications and sleepiness in children with Down syndrome. Sleep Med 17: 18-24, 2016.

Kelly, A.,  Schall, J.,  Stallings, V. A.,  Zemel, B. S.: Trabecular and cortical bone deficits are present in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis. Bone 90: 7-14, 2016.

Jemielita, T. O.,  Leonard, M. B.,  Baker, J.,  Sayed, S.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Shults, J.,  Herskovitz, R.,  Denburg, M. R.: Association of 25-hydroxyvitamin D with areal and volumetric measures of bone mineral density and parathyroid hormone: impact of vitamin D-binding protein and its assays. Osteoporos Int 27(2): 617-26, 2016.

Hatch-Stein, J. ,  Zemel, B.S.,  Prasad, D.,  Kalkwarf, H.,  Pipan, M.,  Magge, S.,  Kelly, A.: Body composition and BMI growth charts in children with Down syndrome. Pediatrics epub ahead of print 138(4), 2016 Notes: This article has a delayed release (embargo) and will be available in PMC on October 1, 2017.

Felix, J. F.,  Bradfield, J. P.,  Monnereau, C.,  van der Valk, R. J.,  Stergiakouli, E.,  Chesi, A.,  Gaillard, R.,  Feenstra, B.,  Thiering, E.,  Kreiner-Moller, E.,  Mahajan, A.,  Pitkanen, N.,  Joro, R.,  Cavadino, A.,  Huikari, V.,  Franks, S.,  Groen-Blokhuis, M. M.,  Cousminer, D. L.,  Marsh, J. A.,  Lehtimaki, T.,  Curtin, J. A.,  Vioque, J.,  Ahluwalia, T. S.,  Myhre, R.,  Price, T. S.,  Vilor-Tejedor, N.,  Yengo, L.,  Grarup, N.,  Ntalla, I.,  Ang, W.,  Atalay, M.,  Bisgaard, H.,  Blakemore, A. I.,  Bonnefond, A.,  Carstensen, L.,  Eriksson, J.,  Flexeder, C.,  Franke, L.,  Geller, F.,  Geserick, M.,  Hartikainen, A. L.,  Haworth, C. M.,  Hirschhorn, J. N.,  Hofman, A.,  Holm, J. C.,  Horikoshi, M.,  Hottenga, J. J.,  Huang, J.,  Kadarmideen, H. N.,  Kahonen, M.,  Kiess, W.,  Lakka, H. M.,  Lakka, T. A.,  Lewin, A. M.,  Liang, L.,  Lyytikainen, L. P.,  Ma, B.,  Magnus, P.,  McCormack, S. E.,  McMahon, G.,  Mentch, F. D.,  Middeldorp, C. M.,  Murray, C. S.,  Pahkala, K.,  Pers, T. H.,  Pfaffle, R.,  Postma, D. S.,  Power, C.,  Simpson, A.,  Sengpiel, V.,  Tiesler, C. M.,  Torrent, M.,  Uitterlinden, A. G.,  van Meurs, J. B.,  Vinding, R.,  Waage, J.,  Wardle, J.,  Zeggini, E.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Dedoussis, G. V.,  Pedersen, O.,  Froguel, P.,  Sunyer, J.,  Plomin, R.,  Jacobsson, B.,  Hansen, T.,  Gonzalez, J. R.,  Custovic, A.,  Raitakari, O. T.,  Pennell, C. E.,  Widen, E.,  Boomsma, D. I.,  Koppelman, G. H.,  Sebert, S.,  Jarvelin, M. R.,  Hypponen, E.,  McCarthy, M. I.,  Lindi, V.,  Harri, N.,  Korner, A.,  Bonnelykke, K.,  Heinrich, J.,  Melbye, M.,  Rivadeneira, F.,  Hakonarson, H.,  Ring, S. M.,  Smith, G. D.,  Sorensen, T. I.,  Timpson, N. J.,  Grant, S. F.,  Jaddoe, V. W.: Genome-wide association analysis identifies three new susceptibility loci for childhood body mass index. Hum Mol Genet 25(2): 389-403, 2016.

DeBoer, M. D.,  Thayu, M.,  Griffin, L. M.,  Baldassano, R. N.,  Denson, L. A.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Denburg, M. R.,  Agard, H. E.,  Herskovitz, R.,  Long, J.,  Leonard, M. B.: Increases in Sex Hormones during Anti-Tumor Necrosis Factor alpha Therapy in Adolescents with Crohn''s Disease. J Pediatr 171: 146-152.e2, 2016.

Brown, J. C.,  Troxel, A. B.,  Ky, B.,  Damjanov, N.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Rickels, M. R.,  Rhim, A. D.,  Rustgi, A. K.,  Courneya, K. S.,  Schmitz, K. H.: A randomized phase II dose-response exercise trial among colon cancer survivors: Purpose, study design, methods, and recruitment results. Contemp Clin Trials 47: 366-75, 2016.

Weber D, Long J, Leonard MB, Zemel BS, Baker JF: Development of Novel Methods to Define Deficits in Appendicular Lean Mass Relative to Fat Mass. PLoS One 11(10),  Oct 2016.

Hawkes CP, Zemel BS, Kiely M, Irvine AD, Kenny LC, O'B Hourihane J, Murray DM: Body composition within the first 3 months: Optimized correction for length and correlation with BMI at 2 years.  Hormone Research in Pediatrics  86(3): 178-187, October 2016.

Freedman DS, Zemel BS, Ogden L.: Secular trends for skinfolds differ from those for BMI and waist circumference among adults examined in NHANES from 1988-1994 through to 2009-2010. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 105(1): 169-176, October 2016.

Zemel BS, Gómez-Bruton A, González-Agüero A, Gómez-Cabello A, Matute-Llorente A, Moreno LA, Casajús JA, Vicente-Rodríguez G.: Bone structure of adolescent swimmers; a peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) study. J Sci Med Sport 19(9): 707-12, Sep 2016.

Schall JI, Hediger ML, Zemel BS, Rutstein RM, Stallings VA: Comprehensive Safety Monitoring of 12-Month Daily 7000-IU Vitamin D3 Supplementation in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Children and Young Adults. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 40(7): 1057-63, Sep 2016.

Mitchell, J. A.,  Chesi, A.,  Elci, O.,  McCormack, S. E.,  Roy, S. M.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Lappe, J. M.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Oberfield, S. E.,  Shepherd, J. A.,  Kelly, A.,  Grant, S. F.,  Zemel, B. S.: Physical Activity Benefits the Skeleton of Children Genetically Predisposed to Lower Bone Density in Adulthood. J Bone Miner Res 31(8): 1504-12, August 2016.

Mitchell JA,  Chesi A,  McCormack SE,  Roy SM,  Cousminer DL,  Kalkwarf H J,  Lappe JM,  Gilsanz V,  Oberfield SE,  Shepherd JA,  Kelly A,  Zemel B S,  Grant SF: Rare EN1 Variants and Pediatric Bone Mass. J Bone Miner Res 31(8): 1513-7, August 2016.

Malone SK, Zemel BS, Compher C, Souders M,Chittams J, Thompson AL, Pack A, Lipman T: Social jet lag, chronotype and body mass index in 14-17 year old adolescents. The Journal of Biological and Medical Rhythm Research August 2016.

Hawkes Colin P, Zemel Babette S, Kiely Mairead, Irvine Alan D, Kenny Louise C, O'B Hourihane Jonathan, Murray Deirdre M: Body Composition within the First 3 Months: Optimized Correction for Length and Correlation with BMI at 2 Years. Hormone research in paediatrics Aug 2016.

Leonard, M. B.,  Shults, J.,  Long, J.,  Baldassano, R. N.,  Brown, J. K.,  Hommel, K.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Mahboubi, S.,  Howard Whitehead, K.,  Herskovitz, R.,  Lee, D.,  Rausch, J.,  Rubin, C. T.: Effect of Low-Magnitude Mechanical Stimuli on Bone Density and Structure in Pediatric Crohn''s Disease: A Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Bone Miner Res 31(6): 1177-88, July 2016.

Hatch-Stein JA, Kelly A, Gidding SS, Zemel BS, Magge SN: Sex differences in the associations of visceral adiposity, homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance, and body mass index with lipoprotein subclass analysis in obese adolescents. J Clin Lipidol 10(4): 757-66, Jul-Aug 2016.

Roy, S. M.,  Spivack, J. G.,  Faith, M. S.,  Chesi, A.,  Mitchell, J. A.,  Kelly, A.,  Grant, S. F.,  McCormack, S. E.,  Zemel, B. S.: Infant BMI or Weight-for-Length and Obesity Risk in Early Childhood. Pediatrics 137(5): e20153492, May 2016.

Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Elci O, McCormack SE, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Grant SF, Zemel BS: Genetic Risk Scores Implicated in Adult Bone Fragility Associate With Pediatric Bone Density. J Bone Miner Res 31(4): 789-95, Apr 2016.

2015

Zemel, B. S.,  Pipan, M.,  Stallings, V. A.,  Hall, W.,  Schadt, K.,  Freedman, D. S.,  Thorpe, P.: Growth Charts for Children With Down Syndrome in the United States. Pediatrics 136(5): e1204-11, 2015.

Xie, B.,  Avila, J. I.,  Ng, B. K.,  Fan, B.,  Loo, V.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Hangartner, T.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Lappe, J.,  Oberfield, S.,  Winer, K.,  Zemel, B.,  Shepherd, J. A.: Accurate body composition measures from whole-body silhouettes. Med Phys 42(8): 4668-77, 2015.

Steenhoff, A. P.,  Schall, J. I.,  Samuel, J.,  Seme, B.,  Marape, M.,  Ratshaa, B.,  Goercke, I.,  Tolle, M.,  Nnyepi, M. S.,  Mazhani, L.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Rutstein, R. M.,  Stallings, V. A.: Vitamin D(3) supplementation in Batswana children and adults with HIV: a pilot double blind randomized controlled trial. PloS one 10(2): e0117123, 2015.

Stallings, V. A.,  Schall, J. I.,  Hediger, M. L.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Tuluc, F.,  Dougherty, K. A.,  Samuel, J. L.,  Rutstein, R. M.: High-dose vitamin D3 supplementation in children and young adults with HIV: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J 34(2): e32-40, 2015.

Short, D. F.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Lappe, J. M.,  Oberfield, S.,  Shepherd, J. A.,  Winer, K. K.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Hangartner, T. N.: Anthropometric models of bone mineral content and areal bone mineral density based on the bone mineral density in childhood study. Osteoporos Int 26(3): 1099-108, 2015.

Roy, S. M.,  Chesi, A.,  Mentch, F.,  Xiao, R.,  Chiavacci, R.,  Mitchell, J. A.,  Kelly, A.,  Hakonarson, H.,  Grant, S. F.,  Zemel, B. S.,  McCormack, S. E.: Body mass index (BMI) trajectories in infancy differ by population ancestry and may presage disparities in early childhood obesity. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 100(4): 1551-60, 2015.

Powers, S. W.,  Stark, L. J.,  Chamberlin, L. A.,  Filigno, S. S.,  Sullivan, S. M.,  Lemanek, K. L.,  Butcher, J. L.,  Driscoll, K. A.,  Daines, C. L.,  Brody, A. S.,  Schindler, T.,  Konstan, M. W.,  McCoy, K. S.,  Nasr, S. Z.,  Castile, R. G.,  Acton, J. D.,  Wooldridge, J. L.,  Ksenich, R. A.,  Szczesniak, R. D.,  Rausch, J. R.,  Stallings, V. A.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Clancy, J. P.: Behavioral and nutritional treatment for preschool-aged children with cystic fibrosis: a randomized clinical trial. JAMA Pediatr 169(5): e150636, 2015.

Olsen, I. E.,  Lawson, M. L.,  Ferguson, A. N.,  Cantrell, R.,  Grabich, S. C.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Clark, R. H.: BMI curves for preterm infants. Pediatrics 135(3): e572-81, 2015.

Ollberding, N. J.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Lappe, J. M.,  Oberfield, S. E.,  Shepherd, J. A.,  Winer, K. K.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.: Reproducibility and intermethod reliability of a calcium food frequency questionnaire for use in Hispanic, non-Hispanic Black, and non-Hispanic White youth. J Acad Nutr Diet 115(4): 519-27 e2, 2015.

Mostoufi-Moab, S.,  Magland, J.,  Isaacoff, E. J.,  Sun, W.,  Rajapakse, C. S.,  Zemel, B.,  Wehrli, F.,  Shekdar, K.,  Baker, J.,  Long, J.,  Leonard, M. B.: Adverse Fat Depots and Marrow Adiposity Are Associated With Skeletal Deficits and Insulin Resistance in Long-Term Survivors of Pediatric Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation. J Bone Miner Res 30(9): 1657-66, 2015.

Mitchell, J. A.,  Chesi, A.,  Elci, O.,  McCormack, S. E.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Lappe, J. M.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Oberfield, S. E.,  Shepherd, J. A.,  Kelly, A.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Grant, S. F.: Genetics of Bone Mass in Childhood and Adolescence: Effects of Sex and Maturation Interactions. J Bone Miner Res 30(9): 1676-83, 2015.

Medina-Gomez, C.,  Chesi, A.,  Heppe, D. H.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Yin, J. L.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Hofman, A.,  Lappe, J. M.,  Kelly, A.,  Kayser, M.,  Oberfield, S. E.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Uitterlinden, A. G.,  Shepherd, J. A.,  Jaddoe, V. W.,  Grant, S. F.,  Lao, O.,  Rivadeneira, F.: BMD Loci Contribute to Ethnic and Developmental Differences in Skeletal Fragility across Populations: Assessment of Evolutionary Selection Pressures. Mol Biol Evol 32(11): 2961-72, 2015.

Malone, S. K.,  Zemel, B. S.: Measurement and Interpretation of Body Mass Index During Childhood and Adolescence. J Sch Nurs 31(4): 261-71, 2015.

Lo Re, V., 3rd,  Lynn, K.,  Stumm, E. R.,  Long, J.,  Nezamzadeh, M. S.,  Baker, J. F.,  Hoofnagle, A. N.,  Kapalko, A. J.,  Mounzer, K.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Tebas, P.,  Kostman, J. R.,  Leonard, M. B.: Structural Bone Deficits in HIV/HCV-Coinfected, HCV-Monoinfected, and HIV-Monoinfected Women. J Infect Dis 212(6): 924-33, 2015.

Leonard, M. B.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Wrotniak, B. H.,  Klieger, S. B.,  Shults, J.,  Stallings, V. A.,  Stettler, N.: Tibia and radius bone geometry and volumetric density in obese compared to non-obese adolescents. Bone 73: 69-76, 2015.

Lee, D. Y.,  Wetzsteon, R. J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Shults, J.,  Organ, J. M.,  Foster, B. J.,  Herskovitz, R. M.,  Foerster, D. L.,  Leonard, M. B.: Muscle torque relative to cross-sectional area and the functional muscle-bone unit in children and adolescents with chronic disease. J Bone Miner Res 30(3): 575-83, 2015.

Lappe, J. M.,  Watson, P.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Hangartner, T.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Oberfield, S.,  Shepherd, J.,  Winer, K. K.,  Zemel, B.: The longitudinal effects of physical activity and dietary calcium on bone mass accrual across stages of pubertal development. J Bone Miner Res 30(1): 156-64, 2015.

Griffin, L. M.,  Thayu, M.,  Baldassano, R. N.,  DeBoer, M. D.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Denburg, M. R.,  Denson, L. A.,  Shults, J.,  Herskovitz, R.,  Long, J.,  Leonard, M. B.: Improvements in Bone Density and Structure during Anti-TNF-alpha Therapy in Pediatric Crohn''s Disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 100(7): 2630-9, 2015.

DeBoer, M. D.,  Weber, D. R.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Denburg, M. R.,  Herskovitz, R.,  Long, J.,  Leonard, M. B.: Bone Mineral Accrual Is Associated With Parathyroid Hormone and 1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D Levels in Children and Adolescents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 100(10): 3814-21, 2015.

Chun, R. F.,  Liu, N. Q.,  Lee, T.,  Schall, J. I.,  Denburg, M. R.,  Rutstein, R. M.,  Adams, J. S.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Stallings, V. A.,  Hewison, M.: Vitamin D supplementation and antibacterial immune responses in adolescents and young adults with HIV/AIDS. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 148: 290-7, 2015.

Chesi, A.,  Mitchell, J. A.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Bradfield, J. P.,  Lappe, J. M.,  McCormack, S. E.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Oberfield, S. E.,  Hakonarson, H.,  Shepherd, J. A.,  Kelly, A.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Grant, S. F.: A trans-ethnic genome-wide association study identifies gender-specific loci influencing pediatric aBMD and BMC at the distal radius. Hum Mol Genet 24(17): 5053-9, 2015.

Calarge, C. A.,  Schlechte, J. A.,  Burns, T. L.,  Zemel, B. S.: The effect of psychostimulants on skeletal health in boys co-treated with risperidone. J Pediatr 166(6): 1449-54 e1, 2015.

Bout-Tabaku, S.,  Shults, J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Leonard, M. B.,  Berkowitz, R. I.,  Stettler, N.,  Burnham, J. M.: Obesity is associated with greater valgus knee alignment in pubertal children, and higher body mass index is associated with greater variability in knee alignment in girls. J Rheumatol 42(1): 126-33, 2015.

Avitabile, C. M.,  Goldberg, D. J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Brodsky, J. L.,  Dodds, K.,  Hayden-Rush, C.,  Whitehead, K. K.,  Goldmuntz, E.,  Rychik, J.,  Leonard, M. B.: Deficits in bone density and structure in children and young adults following Fontan palliation. Bone 77: 12-6, 2015.

Schall, J. I.,  Hediger, M. L.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Rutstein, R. M.,  Stallings, V. A.: Comprehensive Safety Monitoring of 12-Month Daily 7000-IU Vitamin D3 Supplementation in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Infected Children and Young Adults. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr  7: 1057-63, Sep 2015.

Gomez-Bruton, A.,  Gonzalez-Aguero, A.,  Gomez-Cabello, A.,  Matute-Llorente, A.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Moreno, L. A.,  Casajus, J. A.,  Vicente-Rodriguez, G.: Bone structure of adolescent swimmers; a peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) study. J Sci Med Sport  9: 707-12, Sep 2015.

Mitchell, J. A.,  Chesi, A.,  Elci, O.,  McCormack, S. E.,  Roy, S. M.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Lappe, J. M.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Oberfield, S. E.,  Shepherd, J. A.,  Kelly, A.,  Grant, S. F.,  Zemel, B. S.: Genetic Risk Scores Implicated in Adult Bone Fragility Associate With Pediatric Bone Density. J Bone Miner Res  4: 789-95, April 2015.

2014

Wren, T. A.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Lappe, J. M.,  Oberfield, S.,  Shepherd, J. A.,  Winer, K. K.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Bone Mineral Density in Childhood Study, Group: Longitudinal tracking of dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry bone measures over 6 years in children and adolescents: persistence of low bone mass to maturity. J Pediatr 164(6): 1280-5 e2, 2014.

Weber, D. R.,  Levitt Katz, L. E.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Gallagher, P. R.,  Murphy, K. M.,  Dumser, S. M.,  Lipman, T. H.: Anthropometric measures of abdominal adiposity for the identification of cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents. Diabetes Res Clin Pract 103(3): e14-7, 2014.

Weber, D. R.,  Leonard, M. B.,  Shults, J.,  Zemel, B. S.: A comparison of fat and lean body mass index to BMI for the identification of metabolic syndrome in children and adolescents. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99(9): 3208-16, 2014.

Tsampalieros, A.,  Griffin, L.,  Terpstra, A. M.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Shults, J.,  Foster, B. J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Foerster, D. L.,  Leonard, M. B.: Changes in DXA and quantitative CT measures of musculoskeletal outcomes following pediatric renal transplantation. Am J Transplant 14(1): 124-32, 2014.

Tsampalieros, A.,  Berkenstock, M. K.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Griffin, L.,  Shults, J.,  Burnham, J. M.,  Baldassano, R. N.,  Leonard, M. B.: Changes in trabecular bone density in incident pediatric Crohn''s disease: a comparison of imaging methods. Osteoporos Int 25(7): 1875-83, 2014.

Seifert, A. C.,  Li, C.,  Rajapakse, C. S.,  Bashoor-Zadeh, M.,  Bhagat, Y. A.,  Wright, A. C.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Zavaliangos, A.,  Wehrli, F. W.: Bone mineral (31)P and matrix-bound water densities measured by solid-state (31)P and (1)H MRI. NMR Biomed 27(7): 739-48, 2014.

Kelly, A.,  Winer, K. K.,  Kalkwarf, H.,  Oberfield, S. E.,  Lappe, J.,  Gilsanz, V.,  Zemel, B. S.: Age-based reference ranges for annual height velocity in US children. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99(6): 2104-12, 2014.

Dougherty, K. A.,  Schall, J. I.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Tuluc, F.,  Hou, X.,  Rutstein, R. M.,  Stallings, V. A.: Safety and Efficacy of High-Dose Daily Vitamin D3 Supplementation in Children and Young Adults Infected With Human Immunodeficiency Virus. J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 3(4): 294-303, 2014.

Calarge, C. A.,  Butcher, B. D.,  Burns, T. L.,  Coryell, W. H.,  Schlechte, J. A.,  Zemel, B. S.: Major depressive disorder and bone mass in adolescents and young adults. J Bone Miner Res 29(10): 2230-7, 2014.

Al Mukaddam, M.,  Rajapakse, C. S.,  Bhagat, Y. A.,  Wehrli, F. W.,  Guo, W.,  Peachey, H.,  LeBeau, S. O.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Wang, C.,  Swerdloff, R. S.,  Kapoor, S. C.,  Snyder, P. J.: Effects of testosterone and growth hormone on the structural and mechanical properties of bone by micro-MRI in the distal tibia of men with hypopituitarism. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 99(4): 1236-44, 2014.

Avitabile, C. M.,  Leonard, M. B.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Brodsky, J. L.,  Lee, D.,  Dodds, K.,  Hayden-Rush, C.,  Whitehead, K. K.,  Goldmuntz, E.,  Paridon, S. M.,  Rychik, J.,  Goldberg, D. J.: Lean mass deficits, vitamin D status and exercise capacity in children and young adults after Fontan palliation. Heart  100(21): 1702-7, June 2014.

Sheikh, S.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Stallings, V. A.,  Rubenstein, R. C.,  Kelly, A.: Body composition and pulmonary function in cystic fibrosis. Front Pediatr  2: 33, April 2014.

Stallings, V. A.,  Schall, J. I.,  Hediger, M. L.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Tuluc, F.,  Dougherty, K. A.,  Samuel, J. L.,  Rutstein, R. M.: High-Dose Vitamin D3 Supplementation in Children and Young Adults with HIV: A Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Trial. Pediatr Infect Dis J   34(2): 32-40, Feb 2014.

Parks, E. P.,  Zemel, B.,  Moore, R. H.,  Berkowitz, R. I.: Change in body composition during a weight loss trial in obese adolescents. Pediatr Obes.   1: 26-35, Feb 2014.

2013

Zemel, B.: Bone mineral accretion and its relationship to growth, sexual maturation and body composition during childhood and adolescence. World Rev Nutr Diet 106: 39-45, 2013.

Weber, D. R.,  Moore, R. H.,  Leonard, M. B.,  Zemel, B. S.: Fat and lean BMI reference curves in children and adolescents and their utility in identifying excess adiposity compared with BMI and percentage body fat. Am J Clin Nutr 98(1): 49-56, 2013.

Tsampalieros, A.,  Lam, C. K.,  Spencer, J. C.,  Thayu, M.,  Shults, J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Herskovitz, R. M.,  Baldassano, R. N.,  Leonard, M. B.: Long-term inflammation and glucocorticoid therapy impair skeletal modeling during growth in childhood Crohn disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 98(8): 3438-45, 2013.

Tsampalieros, A.,  Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Wetzsteon, R. J.,  Shults, J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Foster, B. J.,  Foerster, D. L.,  Leonard, M. B.: Changes in bone structure and the muscle-bone unit in children with chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int 83(3): 495-502, 2013.

Tsampalieros, A.,  Gupta, P.,  Denburg, M. R.,  Shults, J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Mostoufi-Moab, S.,  Wetzsteon, R. J.,  Herskovitz, R. M.,  Whitehead, K. M.,  Leonard, M. B.: Glucocorticoid effects on changes in bone mineral density and cortical structure in childhood nephrotic syndrome. J Bone Miner Res 28(3): 480-8, 2013.

Prosnitz, A. R.,  Leonard, M. B.,  Shults, J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Hollis, B. W.,  Denson, L. A.,  Baldassano, R. N.,  Cohen, A. B.,  Thayu, M.: Changes in vitamin D and parathyroid hormone metabolism in incident pediatric Crohn''s disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis 19(1): 45-53, 2013.

Koren, D.,  Marcus, C. L.,  Kim, C.,  Gallagher, P. R.,  Schwab, R.,  Bradford, R. M.,  Zemel, B. S.: Anthropometric predictors of visceral adiposity in normal-weight and obese adolescents. Pediatric diabetes 2013.

Kalkwarf, H. J.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Yolton, K.,  Heubi, J. E.: Bone mineral content and density of the lumbar spine of infants and toddlers: Influence of age, sex, race, growth, and human milk feeding. J Bone Miner Res 28(1): 206-12, 2013.

Hill DL, Parks EP, Zemel BS, Shults J, Stallings VA, Stettler N: Resting energy expenditure and adiposity accretion among children with Down syndrome: a 3-year prospective study. Eur J Clin Nutr 2013 (epub ahead of print).

Koren D, Marcus CL, Kim C, Gallagher PR, Schwab R, Bradford RM, Zemel BS: Anthropometric predictors of visceral adiposity in normal-weight and obese adolescents. Pediatr Diabetes 2013 (epub ahead of print).

Parks EP, Zemel B, Moore RH, Berkowitz RI: Change in body composition during a weight loss trial in obese adolescents. Pediatr Obes 2013 (epub ahead of print) Notes: doi: 10.1111/j.2047-6310.2012.00139.x.

Kalkwarf HJ, Zemel BS, Yolton K, Heubi JE: Bone mineral content and density of the lumbar spine of infants and toddlers: influence of age, sex, race, growth, and human milk feeding. J Bone Miner Res 28(1): 206-12, Jan 2013.

Baker Joshua F, Davis Matthew, Alexander Ruben, Zemel Babette S, Mostoufi-Moab Sogol, Shults Justine, Sulik Michael, Schiferl Daniel J, Leonard Mary B: Associations between body composition and bone density and structure in men and women across the adult age spectrum. Bone 53(1): 34-41, Mar 2013.

Groleau V, Herold RA, Schall JI, Wagner JL, Dougherty KA, Zemel BS, Rutstein RM, Stallings VA: Blood Lead Concentration Is Not Altered by High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation in Children and Young Adults With HIV. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 56(3): 316-9, Mar 2013.

Tsampalieros A, Gupta P, Denburg MR, Shults J, Zemel BS, Mostoufi-Moab S, Wetzsteon RJ, Herskovitz RM, Whitehead KM, Leonard MB: Glucocorticoid effects on changes in bone mineral density and cortical structure in childhood nephrotic syndrome. J Bone Miner Res 28(3): 480-8, Mar 2013.

Tsampalieros A, Kalkwarf HJ, Wetzsteon RJ, Shults J, Zemel BS, Foster BJ, Foerster DL, Leonard MB: Changes in bone structure and the muscle-bone unit in children with chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int 83(3): 495-502, Mar 2013.

Weber DR, Moore RH, Leonard MB, Zemel BS: Fat and lean BMI reference curves in children and adolescents and their utility in identifying excess adiposity compared with BMI and percentage body fat. Am J Clin Nutr 98(1): 49-56, Jul 2013.

Denburg MR, Tsampalieros AK, de Boer IH, Shults J, Kalkwarf HJ, Zemel BS, Foerster D, Stokes D, Leonard MB: Mineral metabolism and cortical volumetric bone mineral density in childhood chronic kidney disease. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 98(5): 1930-8, 2013.

Foster Bethany J, Gao Tao, Mackie Andrew S, Zemel Babette S, Ali Huma, Platt Robert W, Colan Steven D: Limitations of Expressing Left Ventricular Mass Relative to Height and to Body Surface Area in Children. J Am Soc Echocardiogr 26(4): 410-18, 2013.

Prosnitz AR, Leonard MB, Shults J, Zemel BS, Hollis BW, Denson LA, Baldassano RN, Cohen AB, and Thayu M: Changes in vitamin D and parathyroid hormone metabolism in incident pediatric Crohn's disease. Inflamm Bowel Dis 19(1): 45-53, 2013.

2012

Mostoufi-Moab S, Ginsberg JP, Bunin N, Zemel BS, Shults J, Thayu M, Leonard MB: Body composition abnormalities in long-term survivors of pediatric hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. J Pediatr 160: 122-8, Jan 2012.

Gao T, Leonard MB, Zemel B, Kalkwarf HJ, Foster BJ: Interpretation of Body Mass Index in Children with CKD. Clin J Am Soc Nephrol 7(4): 558-64, April 2012.

Kalkwarf HJ, Denburg MR, Strife CF, Zemel BS, Foerster DL, Wetzsteon RJ, Leonard MB: Vitamin D deficiency is common in children and adolescents with chronic kidney disease. Kidney Int 81(7): 690-7, April 2012.

Mostoufi-Moab S, Ginsberg JP, Bunin N, Zemel B, Shults J, Leonard MB: Bone density and structure in long-term survivors of pediatric allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. J Bone Miner Res 27(4): 760-9, April 2012.

Terpstra AM, Kalkwarf HJ, Shults J, Zemel BS, Wetzsteon RJ, Foster BJ, Strife CF, Foerster DL, Leonard MB: Bone Density and Cortical Structure after Pediatric Renal Transplantation. J Am Soc Nephrol 23(4): 715-26, April 2012.

Griffin LM, Kalkwarf HJ, Zemel BS, Shults J, Wetzsteon RJ, Strife CF, Leonard MB: Assessment of dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry measures of bone health in pediatric chronic kidney disease. Pediatr Nephrol 27(7): 1139-48, July 2012.

Zemel BS: Human biology at the interface of paediatrics: measuring bone mineral accretion during childhood. Ann Hum Biol 39(5): 402-11, Sep 2012.

Dougherty KA, Schall JI, Kawchak DA, Green MH, Ohene-Frempong K, Zemel BS, Stallings VA: No improvement in suboptimal vitamin A status with a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of vitamin A supplementation in children with sickle cell disease. Am J Clin Nutr 96(4): 932-40, Oct 2012.

Foster BJ, Platt RW, and Zemel BS: Development and validation of a predictive equation for lean body mass in children and adolescents. Ann Hum Biol 39(3): 171-182, 2012.

Foster GD, Shantz KL, Vander Veur SS, Oliver TL, Lent MR, Virus A, Szapary PO, Rader DJ, Zemel BS, Gilden-Tsai A: A randomized trial of the effects of an almond-enriched, hypocaloric diet in the treatment of obesity. Am J Clin Nutr 96(2): 249-54, 2012.

Maqbool A, Schall JI, Gallagher PR, Zemel BS, Strandvik B, and Stallings VA: The Relationship Between Type of Dietary Fat Intake and Serum Fatty Acid Status in Children with Cystic Fibrosis. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 55(5): 605-11, 2012.

Wren TAL, Shepherd JA, Kalkwarf HJ, Zemel BS, Lappe JM, Oberfield S, Dorey FJ, Winer KK, Gilsanz V: Racial disparity in fracture risk between white and nonwhite children in the United States. J Pediatr 161(6): 1035-40, Dec 2012.

Weber David R, Leonard Mary B, Zemel Babette S: Body composition analysis in the pediatric population. Pediatr Endocrinol Rev 10(1): 130-9, Nov 2012.

Abstracts

2015

Medina-Gomez C, Kemp J, Chesi A, Kreiner-Møller E, Ahluwalia T, Mook D, Liu Y, Hartwig FP, Evans D, Joro R, van Duijn C, Nedeljkovic I, Eriksson J, Richards B, Jackson R,  Karasik D, Van der Velde N, Hofman A, Zemel B, Mullin B, Harris T, Zhou Y, Robins J, Li R, Psaty B, Nielson C, Scott W, Horta BL, Lakka T, Grant S, McGuigan F, Wilson J, Styrkarsdottir U, Koller D, Zhu K, Kiel D, Ohlsson C, Uitterlinden AG, Jaddoe V, Tobias JH, Evans DM, Rivadeneira F: GWAS meta-analysis for total body BMD unveils 14 new BMD loci and variants exerting age-specific effects. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA October 2015.

Marquino L, Fan B, Ng B, Gilsanz V, Kalkwarf H, Lappe J, Oberfield S, Winer K, Zemel B, Shepherd J: Study of Body Composition and Bone Measures Acquired from Osteoporotic Measurement Sites using Regional DXA Scans. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA October 2015.

Kemp J, Medina-Gomez C, Chesi A, Wang C, Eriksson J,  Warrington NM, Jaddoe VWV, Zemel BS, Zhu K, Vandenput L, St. Pourcain B, Timpson NJ, Uitterlinden AG, Walsh J, Lye S, Lorentzon M, Davey-Smith G, Ohlsson C, Pennell C, Grant SFA, Tobias JH, Rivadeneira F, Evans DM: Genome-wide association study of bone mineral density, content and area measured at the axial and appendicular skeleton identifies four novel loci and suggests a possible reason why genetic loci are associated with bone mineral density at some sites but not others. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA October 2015.

Armas L, Watson P, Gilsanz V, Hangartner T, Kalkwarf HJ, Oberfield S, Shepherd J, Winer KK, Zemel B, Lappe JM: Greater Bone Accrual Occurs in African American Youth Before and After Puberty Compared to Euro-American Youth. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA October 2015.

Adgent MA, Umbach DM, Zemel B, Kelly A, Schall J, Ford E, Rogan W, Stallings V: Soy-Based Infant Feeding is Associated With Estrogenized Urogenital Epithelium in Girls at 24 Weeks of Age. Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA April 2015.

Weber DR, Kelley J, Mawson TB, Willi SM, Leonard MB, Zemel BS: Sex Differences in Bone Density and Body Composition in Children Newly Diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes. The Endocrine Society National Conference, San Diego, CA March 2015.

Hatch-Stein JA, Kelly A, Gidding SS, Zemel BS, Magge SN: Sex Differences in the Association of Visceral Adiposity with Lipoprotein Subclass Analysis in Obese Adolescents.  American Heart Association Scientific Sessions: Epidemiology and Prevention and Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health, Baltimore, MD  131: AP222, March 2015.

DeBoer MD, Thayu M, Agard HE, Baldassano RN, Denson LA, Zemel BS, Leonard MB: Increases in Testosterone and Estradiol Are Associated with Lower Systemic Inflammation Following Initiation of Infliximab Treatment in Pubertal Adolescents with Crohn's Disease. The Endocrine Society National Conference, San Diego, CA March 2015.

2014

Bout-Tabaku, S.,  Klieger, S. B.,  Wrotniak, B. H.,  Sherry, D. D.,  Zemel, B. S.,  Stettler, N.: Adolescent obesity, joint pain, and hypermobility. Pediatric rheumatology online journal 12(1): 11, 2014.

Hangartner TN, Short DF, Gilsanz V, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Oberfield S, Shepherd JA, Zemel BS, Winer K. : Influence of Anthropometric Parameters on Assessment of Pediatric Bone Mineral Density and Bone Mineral Content. International Bone Densitometry Workshop, Hong Kong October 2014.

2013

Zemel B, Kalkwarf H, Li M, Deliard S, Kim C, Qu L, Chiavacci R, Paulhamus D, Lappe J, Gilsanz V, Hakonarson H, Oberfield S, Shepherd J, Voight B, Kelly A, Grant S: Age effect on pediatric longitudinal BMD by multiple loci uncovered in adult BMD-related GWAS meta-analyses. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 35th Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD Oct 2013.

Babette Zemel, Heidi Kalkwarf, Mary Leonard, Vicente Gilsanz, Joan Lappe, Justine Shults, John Shepherd, Sharon Oberfield, Karen Winer: What DXA measurement sites are best for bone health assessment in children? Effect of inter-machine differences on bone outcomes from the Bone Mineral Density in Childhood Study (BMDCS). ICCBH 6th International Conference on Children's Bone Health, Rotterdam 2013.

Babette Zemel, Heidi Kalkwarf, Mingyao Li, Sandra Deliard, Celia Kim, Liming Qu, Rosetta Chiavacci, Donna Paulhamus, Joan Lappe, Vicente Gilsanz, Hakon Hakonarson1, Sharon Oberfield, John Shepherd, Ben Voight1, Andrea Kelly, Struan Grant: Role of bone-associated loci identified in GWAS meta-analyses in the context of longitudinal pediatric BMD in European Americans. ICCBH 6th International Conference on Children's Bone Health, Rotterdam 2013.

2012

Denburg M, Kalkwarf HJ, Hewison M, Zemel BS, Foerster D, Leonard MB: Free 25-Hydroxyvitamin D in Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease: Redefining Vitamin D Status. Pediatric Academic Societies' Annual Meeting, Boston, MA April 2012.

Lam CKL, Thayu M, Spencer JC, Zemel BS, Leonard MB : Associations among Changes in Vitamin D and PTH Levels and Bone and Body Composition in Incident Pediatric Crohn's Disease (CD). Pediatric Academic Societies' Annual Meeting, Boston, MA April 2012.

Spencer JC, Thayu M, Lam CKL, Zemel BS, Leonard MB : Long-Term Changes in Bone Density and Dimensions in Incident Pediatric Crohn Disease. Pediatric Academic Societies' Annual Meeting, Boston, MA April 2012.

Tsampalieros A, Kalkwarf H, Zemel BS, Leonard MB: Longitudinal Assessment of Bone Mineral Density (BMD) and Cortical Dimensions by Peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) in Children with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD). Pediatric Academic Societies' Annual Meeting, Boston, MA April 2012.

Lappe J, Zemel B, Watson P, Fang X, Gilsanz V, Kalkwarf H, Oberfield S, Shepherd J, Winer K: Does Stage of Sexual Maturation Determine the Relationship of Calcium Intake and Physical Activity to Bone Mass Accrual? American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 34th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Oct 2012.

Leonard MB, Shults J, Zemel B, Hommel K, Brown K, Mahboubi S, Long J, Rubin CT : Effects of Low Magnitude Mechanical Signals (LMMS) on Bone Density and Structure in Pediatric Crohn Disease: A Randomized Trial. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 34th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Oct 2012.

Mostoufi-Moab S, Brodsky J, Zemel BS, Ginsberg JP, Shults J, Isaacoff E, Leonard MB: Longitudinal Assessment of Bone Density and Structure in Childhood Survivors of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) without Cranial Irradiation. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 34th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Oct 2012.

Tsampalieros A, Gupta P, Zemel BS, Wetzsteon R, Leonard MB : Effects of Glucocorticoid Therapy on Changes in Volumetric Bone Mineral Density (vBMD) and Cortical Structure in Childhood Nephrotic Syndrome (NS). American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 34th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Oct 2012.

Wren T, Kalkwarf H, Zemel B, Lappe J, Shepherd J, Oberfield S, Winer K, Gilsanz V: Longitudinal Tracking of DXA Bone Measures in Children and Adolescents Over a 6-Year Period. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research 34th Annual Meeting, Minneapolis, MN Oct 2012.

Books

Johnston FE, Zemel BS, Eveleth PE: Human Growth in Context. Smith Gordon, 1999 Notes: Published in Lond.

Chapters

2016

Zemel, B.S, Maqbool, A, Olsen, I.E: Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status. Nutrition in Pediatrics. Christopher Duggan, John B. Watkins, Berthold Koletzko, W. Allen Walker (eds.). 5th Edition: 5-17, 2016.

Zemel BS and Kalkwarf HJ: Evaluation. Bone Densitometry in Pediatrics: Guidelines for Clinical Practice. Sawyer AJ, Fung EB, Bacharach LK (eds.). Springer, NY, 2nd edition, 2016.

Dougherty, K, Zemel, B.S.: Developmental Disabilities. Nutrition in Pediatrics. Christopher Duggan, John B. Watkins, Berthold Koletzko, W. Allen Walker (eds.). PMPH, 5th Edition: 729-741, 2016.

2013

Babette S. Zemel, Asim Maqbool, Irene E. Olsen: Clinical Assessment of Nutritional Status. Nutrition in Pediatrics. Christopher Duggan, John B. Watkins, Berthold Koletzko, W. Allen Walker (eds.). 5th Edition, In Press.

Kelly A. Dougherty, Babette S. Zemel: Developmental Disabilities. Nutrition in Pediatrics. Christopher Duggan, John B. Watkins, Berthold Koletzko, W. Allen Walker (eds.). PMPH-USA, 5th Edition.

Rovner AJ, Zemel BS: Growth and Physical Maturation. Pediatric Drug Development: Concepts and Applications, Second Edition. Mulberg AE, Silber SA, van den Anker JN (eds.). Hoboken: John Wiley and Sons.

2012

Zemel BS: Assessment of growth and nutritional status in children with inflammatory bowel disease. Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease, 2nd Edition. Mamula P, Markowitz J, Baldassano R (eds.). Springer, New York, NY, 2012.

Zemel BS. : Body composition during growth and development. Human Growth and Development, 2nd Edition. Cameron N and Bogin B (eds.). Academic Press, 2012.

2008

Zemel BS: Assessment of growth and nutritional status in children with inflammatory bowel disease. Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease. Mamula P, Markowitz J, Baldassano R (eds.). Springer: NYC, Page: 295-304, 2008.

Zemel BS, Olsen IE: Assessment of Nutritional Status. AAP Pediatric Nutrition Handbook 2008.

Zemel BS, Stallings VA: Developmental Disabilities. Nutrition in Pediatrics, Basic Science Clinical Applications (4th Edition). Duggan C, Watkins JB, Walker WA (eds.). BC Decker, Inc: Lewiston, New York, Page: 497-504, 2008.

Burdette H, Zemel B, Stallings V : Use of Technical Measurements in Nutritional Assessment. Pediatric Nutrition in Practice. Koletzko B (eds.). Karger, 2008.

2007

Crabtree NJ, Kent K, Zemel B: Acquisition of DXA in Children and Adolescents. Bone Densitometry in Growing Patients. Sawyer AJ, Bachrach LK, Fung EB (eds.). Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, Page: 73-92, 2007.

Crabtree NJ, Leonard MB, Zemel BS: Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry. Bone Densitometry in Growing Patients. Sawyer AJ, Bachrach LK, Fung EB (eds.). Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, Page: 41-58, 2007.

Petit M, Kent K, Leonard MB, McKay H, Zemel B: Analysis. Bone Densitometry in Growing Patients. Sawyer AJ, Bachrach LK, Fung EB (eds.). Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, Page: 93-114, 2007.

Zemel B, Petit M: Evaluation. Bone Densitometry in Growing Patients. Sawyer AJ, Bachrach LK, Fung EB (eds.). Humana Press: Totowa, NJ, Page: 115-126, 2007.

2004

Zemel B, Barden B: Measuring Body Composition. Methods in Human Growth Research. Hauspie R, Cameron N, Molinari L (eds.). Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, UK, Page: 141-176, 2004.

Zemel B, Barden B: Body composition during growth and development. Physiological and Pathological Auxology. Nicoletti I, Benso L, Gilli G (eds.). Nicomp LE, Piazza Madonna degli Aldobrandini: Firenze, Italy, Page: 11-31, 2004.

2002

Zemel BS: Body composition during growth and development. Human Growth and Development. Cameron N (eds.). Academic Press, Page: 271-293, 2002.

Zemel BS, Schall JL, Stallings VA, Leonard MB: Body Composition and body compartments in children with chronic diseases. Human Growth from Conception to Maturity. Gilli G, Schell LM, Benso L, Smith-Gordon (eds.). Page: 347-358, 2002.

2001

Mascarenhas MR, Zemel BS, Tershakovec AM, Stallings VA: Adolescent Nutrition. Present Knowledge in Nutrition, Eighth Edition. Zeigler EE, Filer LJ (eds.). International Life Sciences Institute Press, Page: 426-438, 2001 Notes: Published in Washington, D.C.

Zemel BS, Barden EM: Assessment of obesity. Obesity, Growth and Development. Johnston FE and Foster GD (eds.). Smith Gordon, Page: 143-167, 2001 Notes: Published in London, UK.

1998

Zemel BS: The assessment of body composition. Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Growth. Ulijaszek S, Johnston FE, and Preece M (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Page: 34-35, 1998 Notes: Published in Cambridge.

Zemel BS: Nutritional Assessment. Pediatric Gastroenterology. Altschuler S and Liacouras C (eds.). Churchill Livingstone, Page: 597-606, 1998 Notes: Published in London.

Zemel BS and Stallings VA: Alternative measures for assessing linear growth. Cambridge Encyclopedia of Human Growth. Ulijaszek S, Johnston FE, and Preece M (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Page: 74-75, 1998 Notes: Published in Cambridge.

1996

Stallings VA and Zemel BS.: Nutritional assessment of the disabled child. Clinics in Developmental Medicine: Feeding the Disabled Child. Mac Keith Press, Page: 62-76, 1996 Notes: Published in London.

Zemel BS and Stallings VA: Energy requirements and nutritional assessment of the disabled child. Nutrition in Pediatrics, Basic Science and Clinical Applications. Walker WA and Watkins JB (eds.). The Neville Press, Page: 169-177, 1996 Notes: Published in Charleston, SC.1995

1993

Zemel, BS, Worthman, C and Jenkins, C: Differences in endocrine status associated with urban rural patterns of growth and maturation in Bundi (Gende speaking) adolescents of Papua New Guinea. Urban Ecology and Health in the Third World. Schell, L, Smith, M, and Bilsborough, A (eds.). Cambridge University Press, Page: 38-60, 1993 Notes: No, 32 of the Society for the Study of Human Biology Series.1992

1987

Jenkins, C, Heywood, P, and Zemel, B: Secular changes in growth in Bundi. Rural Health Services in Papua New Guinea. P.N.G. Department of Health Monograph. Heywood, P, and Hudson, B (eds.).(5), 77-78, 1987.

1986

Bowers, EJ, Hickey, RJ, Junker, LL, Zemel, BS, Allen, IE, Clelland, AB, and Clelland, RC: Biosocial factors in infant mortality: multivariate analyses of rates of births, lethal congenital defects, and infant mortality. Human Growth and Development. Borms, J, Hauspie, R, Sand, A, Susanne, C, and Hebbelink, M (eds.). Plenum Press, 1986 Notes: Published in New York.

1981

Katz, SH, Zemel, BS, Hediger, ML, Schall, JI, Coleman, JR, Bowers, EJ, Valleroy, LA, Barker, WF, Eveleth, PB, Gruskin, AB, Prebis, J, and Parks, JS: Resting supine and seated blood pressure interrelations in adolescence. Proceedings of the 5th International Pediatric Nephrology Symposium. Gruskin, AB, and Norman, ME (eds.). Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, Page: 392-399, 1981 Notes: Published in The Hague.

Posters and Presentations

2017

Mitchell JA, Cousminer DL, Chesi A, Elci O, McCormack SE, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Grant SFA, Zemel BS: High And Low Impact Physical Activity Substitution And Pediatric Bone Density. American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) Annual Meeting, Denver, CO June 2017 Notes: Poster Presentation.

2016

Cousminer DL, Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Voight BF, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, McCormack SE, Zemel BS, Grant SFA : Heritability of Bone Mineral Density and Content in Childhood and Adolescence. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) Annual Meeting, Atlanta,GA 2016 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Cousminer DL, Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Voight BF, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, McCormack SE, Zemel BS, Grant SFA : Individual Variants and Genetic Risk Score for Puberty Timing Associate with Pediatric Bone Mineral Density. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA 2016 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Cousminer DL, Chesi A, Mitchell JA, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Voight BF, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, McCormack SE, Zemel BS, Grant SFA : Individual Variants and Genetic Risk Score for Age at Menarche Associate with Pediatric Bone Mineral Density. Endocrine Society Annual Meeting 2016, Boston, MA 2016 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Chesi A, Mitchell JA, Kalkwarf HJ, Bradfield J, Lappe JM, McCormack SE, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Hakonarson H, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Zemel BS, Grant SFA: A Genome-wide Association Study Identifies Gender Specific Loci Influencing aBMD and BMC at Multiple Skeletal Sites in Children of European Descent. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) Annual Meeting, Atlanta, GA. 2016 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Mitchell JA, Chesi A, McCormack SE, Roy SM, Cousminer DL, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Zemel BS, Grant SFA: A Rare Variant Near EN1 Associates with Pediatric Bone Mass in Females but Not Males. The Endocrine Society Annual Meeting, Boston, MA April 2016 Notes: Poster Presentation.

2015

Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Winer KK, McCormack SE, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Grant SFA, Zemel BS : Skeletal benefits of physical activity in childhood may be greatest for males with lower bone mineral content (BMC) and density (BMD). American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) Annual Meeting,  Seattle, WA. 2015 Notes: Oral Presentation.

Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Elci O, McCormack SE, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Grant SFA, Zemel BS: Pediatric bone density is influenced by physical activity and genetic variation at known bone density loci. Penn Center for Musculoskeletal Disorders (PCMD)Symposium, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA 2015 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Elci O, McCormack S, Roy S, Kalkwarf H, Lappe J, Gilsanz V, Oberfield S, Shepherd J, Kelly A, Zemel B, Grant SFA : The Skeletal Benefits of Physical Activity in Childhood Are Dependent on Genetic Variation at Known Bone Density Loci. Exercise Science and Health Meeting, Cold Spring Harbor, NY.  2015 Notes: Oral Presentation.

Chesi A, Mitchell JA, Basile KJ, McCormack SE, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Zemel BS, Grant SFA: Multiple GWAS-implicated adult height loci operate in the context of pediatric bone mineral density and content determination. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA 2015 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Basile KJ, Chesi A, Mitchell JA, McCormack SE, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Zemel BS, Grant SFA: Multiple GWAS-implicated adult height loci operate in the context of pediatric bone mineral density and content determination. Endocrine Society (ENDO) Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA 2015 Notes: Oral Presentation.

Roy S, Mitchell J, Kalkwarf H, Lappe J, Gilsanz V, Shepherd J, Oberfield S, Mahboubi S, Winer K, Kelly A, Grant SFA, Zemel BS, McCormack S: Skeletal Maturation and Genetically Determined Population Ancestry in Non-Obese, Pre-Pubertal Children. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA October 2015 Notes: Oral Presentation.

Mitchell J, Grant SF, Zemel BS, Chesi A, Roy SA, Kelly A, Kalkwarf H, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield S, Shepherd J, Okan EU, McCormack S: Pediatric bone density is influenced by physical activity and genetic variation at known bone density loci. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA October 2015 Notes: Oral Presentation.

Chesi A, Mitchell J, Basile K, McCormack S, Roy S, Kalkwarf H, Lappe J, Gilsanz V, Oberfield S, Shepherd J, Kelly A, Zemel B, Grant S: Multiple GWAS-Implicated Adult Height Loci Operate in the Context of Pediatric Bone Mineral Density and Content Determination. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting, Seattle, WA October 2015 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Adgent MA, Umbach DM, Zemel BS, Kelly A, Schall JI, Ford E, Darge K, Rogan W, Stallings VA: Measuring estrogen response in postnatal uterus and breast growth: a Study of soy-protien based infant formula. National Institute of Enviromental Health Sciences/Enviromental Protection Agency Childrens Center Annual meeting, Washington, DC October 2015 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Roy SM, Spivack JG, Faith MS, Chesi A, Mitchell JA, Grant SFA, Zemel BS, McCormack SE: Concordance Between Weight-for-Length and BMI Under Age 2 Years in a Large, Longitudinal, Multi-Ethnic Cohort. The Endocrine Society National Conference, San Diego, CA  March 2015 Notes: Poster Presentation 

Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Elci O, McCormack SE, Roy SM, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Kelly A, Zemel BS, Grant SFA: The Skeletal Benefits of Physical Activity in Childhood Are Dependent on Genetic Variation at Known Bone Density Loci. The Endocrine Society National Conference, San Diego, CA March 2015 Notes: Oral Presentation.

McCormack SE, Roy SM, Chesi A, Mitchell JA, Kalkwarf HJ, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Mahboubi S, Kelly A, Grant SFA, Zemel BS: Skeletal Maturation, Population Ancestry, and Body Composition in Non-Obese, Pre-Pubertal Children. The Endocrine Society National Conference, San Diego, CA March 2015 Notes: Poster presentation. 

Chesi A, Kalkwarf HJ, Mentch FD, Lappe JM, Gilsanz V, Oberfield SE, Shepherd JA, Bradfield JP, Mahboubi S, Roy SM, Mitchell JA, Chiavacci R, Kelly A, Hakonarson H, Zemel BS, Grant SFA, McCormack SE: Loci Influencing Skeletal Age in Children and Adolescents Identified through a Trans-Ethnic Appraisal of Both Common and Rare Genetic Variants. The Endocrine Society National Conference, San Diego, CA March 2015 Notes: Poster Presentation.

2014

Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Elci O, McCormack S, Kalkwarf H, Lappe J, Gilsanz V, Oberfield S, Shepherd J, Kelly A, Zemel B, Grant SFA: Adult Bone Density Loci and Sex Specific Bone Mass in Childhood. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) Annual Meeting, Houston, TX. 2014 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Mitchell JA, Chesi A, Elci O, McCormack S, Kalkwarf H, Lappe J, Gilsanz V, Oberfield S, Shepherd J, Kelly A, Zemel B, Grant SFA: Adult Bone Density Loci and Sex Specific Bone Mass in Childhood. AAOS/CORR/ORS/CMH-UCD/SWHR, Musculoskeletal Sex Differences Throughout the Lifespan Research Symposium, Rosemont, IL 2014 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Chesi A, Mitchell JA, Kalkwarf H, Bradfield J, Lappe J, McCormack S, Gilsanz V, Oberfield S, Hakonarson H, Shepherd J, Kelly A, Zemel B, Grant SFA : A Trans-ethnic Genome-wide Association Study Identifies Gender Specific Loci Influencing Pediatric BMD and BMC at the Distal Radius. American Society for Bone and Mineral Research (ASBMR) Annual Meeting, Houston, TX 2014 Notes: Poster Presentation.

Lectures by Invitation

2016

Zemel BS. Body Composition Analysis. Presented to: Dietitians Education Meeting; 2016 Oct; Philadelphia PA.

Zemel BS. Influence of health and disease on variation in growth and skeletal development. Presented to: Human Biology Association Meeting Plenary Session; 2016 Apr; Atlanta, GA.

Zemel BS. Body composition in children- When does it matter? Presented to: Center for Translational Science, Childrens Research Institute, Childrens National Health System; 2016 Feb; Washington, DC.

2015

Zemel BS. Peak Bone Mass: when is it achieved? Presented to: National institutes of Health, Workshop of Peak Bone Mass; 2015 Nov; Bethesda MD.

Zemel BS. Reference Ranges and Characteristics of Spine Bone Mineral Apparent Density in U.S. Children - Results from the Bone Mineral Density in Childhood Study (Oral Presentation). Presented to: American Society for Bone and Mineral Research Annual Meeting; 2015 Oct; Seattle, WA.

Zemel BS. BMI: How does it measure up? Presented to: 8th Biennial Childhood Obesity Conference; 2015 Jun; San Diego, CA.

Zemel BS. Peak Bone Mass: Introduction. Presented to: Experimental Biology Meetings; 2015 Apr; Boston, MA.

Awards and Honors

2009, Early Career Teaching Award, American Society for Bone Mineral Research
1985, Junior Investigator Award, IVth International Congress of Auxology

Editorial and Academic Positions

Editorial positions

2010-present, Editor, Annals of Human Biology

Academic and institutional committees

2015-present, Member, Internal Advisory Committee, Penn CHOP Microbiome Center

2015-present, Member, Committee on Prestigious Awards and Honors, Department of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

2010-present, Member, Division Research Committee, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

2008-present, Leader, Metabolism, Nutrition and Development Research Affinity Group, Joseph Stokes Research Institute

2007-present, Scholarship Oversight Committee, Division of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Leadership and Memberships

Memberships in Professional Organization

International

2000-present, International Society of Clinical Densitometry

2007-present, International Association of Human Auxology
- 2007-present, Executive Committee Member

National

2005-present, Member, Society for Pediatric Research

2005-present, Member, American Society for Bone Mineral Research 
- 2016, Abstract Reviewer, Annual Meeting
- 2014-present, Pediatric Working Group Organizing Committee

1988-present, Member, American Society for Clinical Nutrition

1985-present, Member, Human Biology Association 
- 2014-present, Executive Committee Member, Publications