Published on in Health Tip of the Week
All U.S. residents (ages 6 months and older) are now eligible for vaccination against SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. Booster doses are also recommended for individuals ages 5-11. Across the country, vaccine programs are available at schools, community clinics and pharmacies. Vaccination provides the best opportunity to further protect your child from COVID-19 and help get life back to normal.
Like many parents, you may have questions about vaccine safety and wonder if vaccination is the right choice for your child. While caution is understandable, it’s important that all eligible individuals be vaccinated against COVID-19.
Why vaccinate your child
In order for the United States to reach herd immunity and control the spread of COVID-19, almost all the population — including children — needs to be immunized against the virus. While most infected children usually experience minimal symptoms, some can develop severe illness. Even asymptomatic infections can spread the virus through schools and sports teams, affecting not only other children, but also the more at-risk adults they interact with.
While the primary COVID-19 vaccine series is very effective at preventing serious illness, hospitalization and death, a booster dose raises antibody levels to provide further protection against even mild illness caused by the more contagious omicron and other variants like it.
Vaccines in Kids Under 5
Vaccination gets our kids back to the programs, activities and social interactions they desperately need for appropriate academic, social-emotional and physical development. The sooner all eligible Americans are vaccinated, the sooner we can get our country — and our kids’ lives — back to normal.
Answering your frequently asked questions
Experts at Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia (CHOP) address your common concerns to help you make the best decision for your family.
Is the COVID-19 vaccine safe for children and teenagers?
Yes. The currently approved COVID-19 vaccines have gone through clinical trials and scientific review just like any other vaccine — including those your child has likely already received — and no standards of quality or safety were sacrificed. Learn more about mRNA vaccine technology and approval.
Does the COVID-19 vaccine have long-term side effects?
Short-term side effects of the COVID-19 vaccine are usually mild and can include fatigue, headache and muscle ache. To date, after hundreds of millions of doses, the currently available mRNA vaccines have had no cases of long-term side effects. Hear more from Dr. Paul Offit, Director of the Vaccine Education Center at CHOP.
You may have heard about a condition called myocarditis, which has sparked media attention as a very rare side effect of the COVID-19 vaccine. Unfortunately, this means that misconceptions and myths about the condition abound. Here's what you should know about myocarditis and mRNA vaccines.
Can mRNA vaccines change an individual’s DNA?
No. mRNA is active in a cell’s cytoplasm and never enters the nucleus of the cell, which is where our DNA is kept.
Can the COVID-19 vaccine cause infertility?
Infertility has not been found in women infected with COVID-19, so it would not be expected to be a concern for the vaccine. Learn more.
My child has a pre-existing condition/health problem. Should they get the COVID-19 vaccine?
In many cases, children and teens with pre-existing conditions like diabetes, IBD or other autoimmune diseases, or those who are taking medications that compromise their immune system, are at higher risk of complications from COVID-19 infection. The COVID-19 vaccines that have been approved for use cannot cause COVID-19, even in those with weak immune systems. Therefore, individuals with immune-compromising conditions may get the COVID-19 vaccine, as long as they do not have a severe allergy to a vaccine component (i.e., one that causes anaphylaxis or requires medical intervention).
We encourage you to talk to your child’s medical specialist to discuss individual risks and benefits and determine whether your child should receive the vaccine.
Be a team player to help beat the COVID-19 pandemic! Watch a brief message from the Philadelphia 76ers.
- Learn about CHOP’s COVID-19 vaccine distribution plans and find out how to locate trusted vaccine providers close to home.
- Find more FAQs and the latest information about the COVID-19 vaccine at CHOP’s Vaccine Education Center.
- Three factors to consider when vaccinating children.
- What to know about the COVID-19 vaccine for children under 5.
- If you're still looking for more information before getting your young child vaccinated, read this article about three factors to consider.
- Get tips for preparing your child and talking to them about the COVID-19 vaccination process.
- CHOP offers convenient COVID-19 testing (for children and their household members) at several locations throughout the community.
Contributed by: Jeffrey S. Gerber, MD, PhD
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