Savvas Andronikou, MBBch (Wits), PhD, FCRad (Diag)

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Savvas Andronikou, MBBch (Wits), PhD, FCRad (Diag), is the Vice-Chair of Clinical Research, the Director of the Section of Pulmonary Imaging with the Department of Radiology and the John Westgate Hope Endowed Chair in Radiology Faculty Development at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Locations: Main Hospital
Appointments and Referrals: 1-800-TRY-CHOP (1-800-879-2467)

Education and Training

Medical School

MBBCh - University of the Witwatersrand Medical School, Johannesburg, South Africa

Residency

Paediatric Radiology - Whittington Hospital and Great Ormond St. Hospital, London, United Kingdom
Radiology - University of the Witwatersrand University Medical School, Johannesburg, South Africa

Fellowship

Paediatric Radiology - Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia
FCRad - Colleges of Medicine of South Africa, Rondebosch, South Africa (Fellowship of the College of Radiologists)
FRCR - Royal College of Radiologists, London, United Kingdom (Fellowship of the Royal College of Radiologists)

Graduate Degree

PhD - University of Cape Town, Faculty of Health Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa
PhD - University of the Witwatersrand, Faculty of Health Sciences, Johannesburg, South Africa

Titles and Academic Titles

Vice-Chair of Clinical Research, Department of Radiology

Director, Section of Pulmonary Imaging

Attending Radiologist

John Westgate Hope Endowed Chair, Radiology Faculty Development

Professor of Radiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Departments and Services

Publications

Papers

2022

Elsingergy MM, Carlsson T, Andronikou S: Evaluation of quality of renal tract ultrasound scans and reports performed in children with first urinary tract infection. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences December 2021  Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2021.11.006. Online ahead of print as of February 2022.

2021

Andronikou S, Grier D, Minhas K: Reliability of chest radiograph interpretation for pulmonary tuberculosis in the screening of childhood TB contacts and migrant children in the UK. Clinical Radiology 76(2): 122-128, February 2021 Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2020.08.035.

Alves RJ, Calle-Toro J, Kidd M, Andronikou S: Normal head and neck lymph nodes in the paediatric population. Clinical Radiology 76(4): 315.e1-315.e7, April 2021  Notes: doi:10.1016/j.crad.2020.12.020.

Barrera C, Andronikou S, Tapia I, White A, Biko D, Rapp J, Zhu X, Otero H: Normal age-related quantitative CT values in the pediatric lung: from the frist breath to adulthood. Clinical Imaging 75: 111-118, July 2021 Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.clinimag.2020.12.021.

Chan J, Back S, Vatsky S, Calle-Toro J, Khrichenko D, Sridharan A, Poznick L, Andronikou S: Utility of contrast-enhanced ultrasound for solid mass surveillance and characterization in children with tuberous sclerosis complex: an initial experience. Pediatric Nephrology 36(7): 1775-1784, July 2021 Notes: doi: 10.1007/s00467-020-04835-6.

Goussard P, Croucamp R, Bosch C, Demers AM, Morrison J, Mfingwana L, Palmer M, van der Zalm MM, Friedrich SO, Janson JT, Whitelaw AC, Andronikou S, Hesseling AC, Walters E, Lopez-Varela E: Diagnostic utility of bronchoalveolar lavage in children with complicated intrathoracic tuberculosis Pediatric Pulmonology 56(7): 2366-2369, July 2021 Notes: doi: 10.1002/ppul.25405.

Stowe R, Miranda-Schaeubinger M, Andronikou S, Tapia I: Polysomnographic predictors of abnormal brainstem imaging in children. Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine 17(7): 1411-1421, July 2021 Notes: Doi: 10.5664/jcsm.9210.

Barrera CA, Chacko A, Gonçalves FG, Thai NJ, Andronikou S: Voxel-based map of the inter-arterial watershed zones in children. Neuroradiology Journal August 2021 Notes: doi: 10.1177/19714009211041526. Online ahead of print as of February 2022.

Elsingergy MM, Worede F, Venkatakrishna S, Curic J, Andronikou S: Magnetic resonance imaging diagnosis of causes of cerebral palsy in a developing country: A database of South African children. South African Medical Journal 111(9): 910-916, September 2021.

Hlabangana LT, Elsingergy M, Ahmed A, Boschoff PE, Goodier M, Bove M, Andronikou S: Inter-rater reliability in quality assurance (QA) of pediatric chest X-rays. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences (JMIRS) 52(3): 427-434, September 2021 Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2021.04.002.

2020

Otero HJ, Andronikou S, Grassi DC, Silva CT: Providing Expert Pediatric Teleradiology Services Around the Globe: The World Federation of Pediatric Imaging Experience. Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR 17(1 Pt A): 53-55, January 2020 Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2019.06.006.

Calle-Toro JS, Kaplan SL, Andronikou S: Are we performing ultrasound measurements of the wall thickness in hypertrophic pyloric stenosis studies the same way? Pediatric Surgery International 36(3): 399-405, March 2020 Notes: Doi: 10.1007/s00383-019-04601-2.

Chacko A, Vedajallam S, Andronikou S, Simpson E, Thai NJ: Accuracy of radiologists, nonradiologists, and laypeople for identifying children with cerebral cortical atrophy from "Mercator map" curved reconstructions of MRIs of the brain. Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 30(2): 111-115, April - June 2020 Notes: doi: 10.4103/ijri.IJRI_130_20. PMCID: PMC7546289

Ackermann C, Andronikou S, Saleh MG, Kidd M, Cotton MF, Meintjes EM, Laughton B: Diffusion tensor imaging point to ongoing functional impairment in HIV infected children at age 5, undetectable using standard neurodevelopmental assessments. AIDS Research and Therapy 17(1): 20, May 2020 Notes: doi: 10.1186/s12981-020-00278-z. PMCID: PMC7236356

Bhat CS, Chopra M, Andronikou S, Paul S, Wener-Fligner Z, Merkoulovitch A, Holjar-Erlic I, Menegotto F, Simpson E, Grier D, Ramanan AV: Artificial intelligence for interpretation of segments of whole body MRI in CNO: pilot study comparing radiologists versus machine learning algorithm. Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal 18(1): 47, June 2020 Notes: doi: 10.1186/s12969-020-00442-9. PMCID: PMC7285749

Fawole OA, Kelly MS, Steenhoff AP, Feemster KA, Crotty EJ, Rattan MS, David T, Mazhani T, Shah SS, Andronikou S, Arscott-Mills T: Interpretation of pediatric chest radiographs by non-radiologist clinicians in Botswana using World Health Organization criteria for endpoint pneumonia. Pediatric Radiology 50(7): 913-922, June 2020 Notes: doi: 10.1007/s00247-020-04625-0.

Goussard P, Andronikou S, Morrison J, van Wyk L, Mfingwana L, Janson JT: Management of children with tuberculous broncho-esophageal fistulae. Pediatric Pulmonology 55(7): 1681-1689, July 2020 Notes: doi: 10.1002/ppul.24775.

Barrera CA, du Plessis AM, Otero HJ, Mahtab S, Githinji LN, Zar HJ, Zhu X, Andronikou S: Quantitative CT analysis for bronchiolitis obliterans in perinatally HIV-infected adolescents-comparison with controls and lung function data. European Radiology 30(8): 4358-4368, August 2020 Notes: Doi: 10.1007/200330-020-06789-7.

Barrera CA, Andronikou S: Arm Position on Portable Neonatal/Infant ICU Chest Radiograph can Mimic Lamellar Effusion. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Sciences (JMIRS) 51(4): 624-628, December 2020 Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2020.07.001.

Smith J, Solomons R, Vollmer L, Langenegger EJ, Lotz JW, Andronikou S, Anthony J, van Toorn R: Intrapartum Basal Ganglia-Thalamic Pattern Injury and Radiologically Termed "Acute Profound Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury" Are Not Synonymous. American Journal of Perinatology December 2020 Notes: doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1721692.  Online ahead of print as of May 20, 2021.

2019

Heuvelings CC, Bélard S, Andronikou S, Jamieson-Luff N, Grobusch MP, Zar HJ: Chest ultrasound findings in children with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis. Pediatric Radiology 54(4): 463-470, April 2019 Notes: doi: 10.1002/ppul.24230.

Andronikou S, Chopra M, Langton-Hewer S, Maier P, Green J, Norbury E, Price S, Smail M: Technique, pitfalls, quality, radiation dose and findings of dynamic 4-dimensional computed tomography for airway imaging in infants and children. Pediatric Radiology 49(5), May 2019.

Bélard S, Heuvelings CC, Heller T, Andronikou S, Grobusch MP, Zar HJ: Point-of-care Ultrasound for Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis in Children. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 38(5): e110, May 2019 Notes: DOI: 10.1097/INF.0000000000002243.

Andronikou S, Mendes da Costa T, Hussien M, Ramanan AV: Radiological diagnosis of chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis using whole-body MRI-based lesion distribution patterns. Clinical Radiology 9(74): e3-737, September 2019.

Heuvelings CC, Bélard S, Andronikou S, Lederman H, Moodley H, Grobusch MP, Zar HJ: Chest ultrasound compared to chest X-ray for pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis. Pediatric Pulmonology 54(12): 1914-1920, December 2019 Notes: doi: 10.1002/ppul.24500.

2018

Ackermann C, van Toorn R, Andronikou S. Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Related Cerebral White Matter Disease in Children. Pediatric Radiology.  Pediatr Radiol. 2018 Nov 29. doi: 10.1007/s00247-018-4310-x. [Epub ahead of print]

Shah SH, Binkovitz LA, Ho ML, Trout AT, Adler BH, Andronikou S. Pediatric Radiology Mission Work: Opportunities, Challenges and Outcomes. Pediatr Radiol. 2018 Nov;48(12):1698-1708. doi: 10.1007/s00247-018-4221-x. Epub 2018 Aug 16.

Orr KE, Andronikou S, Bramham MJ, Holjar-Erlic I, Menegotto F, Ramanan AV. Magnetic resonance imaging of sacroiliitis in children: frequency of findings and interobserver reliability. Pediatr Radiol. 2018 Jul 9. doi: 10.1007/s00247-018-4185-x. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29987447.

Andronikou S, Simpson E, Klemm M, Vedajallam S, Chacko A, Thai NJ: Technical report: 3D printing of the brain for use as a visual-aid tool to communicate MR imaging features of hypoxic ischaemic injury at term with non-physicians. Child's Nervous System May 2018 Notes: Epub ahead of print doi: 10.1007/s00381-018-3838-2.

2017

Pool KL, Heuvelings CC, Bélard S, Grobusch MP, Zar HJ, Bulas D, Garra B,Andronikou S: Technical aspects of mediastinal ultrasound for pediatric pulmonary tuberculosis. Pediatric Radiology 47(13): 1839-1848, December 2017.

Bélard S, Heuvelings CC, Banderker E, Bateman L, Heller T, Andronikou S,Workman L, Grobusch MP, Zar HJ: Utility of Point-of-Care Ultrasound in Children with Pulmonary Tuberculosis  Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal December 2017 Notes: [Epub ahead of print]

Andronikou S, Arthur S, Rees H: Curved multiplanar reconstruction of CT scans for demonstration of multifocal metastatic lung nodules in children in a single image. Clinical Radiology December 2017 Notes: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.crad.2017.11.002 [Epub ahead of print]

Richter-Joubert L, Andronikou S, Workman L, Zar HJ: Assessment of airway compression on chest radiographs in children with pulmonary tuberculosis. Pediatric Radiology 47(10): 1283-1291  September  2017.

Ramlakhan R, Andronikou S, Rajkumar A: The prevalence and radiological findings of pulmonary embolism in HIV-positive patients referred for computed tomography pulmonary angiography in the Western Cape of South Africa. Cardiovascular Journal of Africa 28(4): 221-228, July/August 2017.

Kosack CS, Spijker S, Halton J, Bonnet M, Nicholas S, Chetcuti K, Mesic A, Brant WE, Joekes E, Andronikou S: Evaluation of a chest radiograph reading and recording system for tuberculosis in a HIV-positive cohort. Clinical Radiology 72(6): 519.e1-519.e9, June 2017.

2016

Victoria T, Shakir NU, Andronikou S, Edgar JC, Germaine P, Epelman M, Johnson AM, Jaramillo D: Normal Fetal Long Bone Length from Computed Tomography: Potential Value in the Prenatal Evaluation of Skeletal Dysplasias. Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 40(4): 291-297, Dec 2016.

Scholtz L, Du Plessis A, Andronikou S, et al: Systolic function evaluated with cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging in HIV-infected patients. South African Medical Journal 20(2): a1044, 2016.

Ackermann C, Andronikou S, Saleh MG, Laughton B, Alhamud AA, van der Kouwe A, Kidd M, Cotton MF, Meintjes EM: Early Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Children Is Associated with Diffuse White Matter Structural Abnormality and Corpus Callosum Sparing. American Journal of Neuroradiology 37(12): 2363-2369, Dec 2016.

Simpson E, Andronikou S, Vedajallam S, Chacko A, Thai NJ: Curved reformat of the paediatric brain MRI into a 'flat-earth map' - standardised method for demonstrating cortical surface atrophy resulting from hypoxic-ischaemic encephalopathy. Pediatric Radiology 46(10): 1482-8, September 2016.

Semakula-Katende NS, Andronikou S, Lucas S: Digital platform for improving non-radiologists' and radiologists' interpretation of chest radiographs for suspected tuberculosis-a method for supporting task-shifting in developing countries. Pediatric Radiology 46(10): 1384-91, Sep 2016 .

2015

Daire A, Andronikou S, Boutall A, Constantatos S, Stewart C, Candy S: Evaluation of fetal MRI in a South African referral centre. South African Medical Journal 105(11): 930-3, Oct 2015.

Frigati L, Maskew M, Workman L, Munro J, Andronikou S, Nicol MP, Zar HJ: Clinical Predictors of Culture-confirmed Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Children in a High Tuberculosis and HIV Prevalence Area. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 34(9): e206-e210, Sep 2015.

Andronikou S, Ackermann C, Laughton B, Cotton M, Tomazos N, Spottiswoode B, Mauff K, Pettifor JM: Corpus callosum thickness on mid-sagittal MRI as a marker of brain volume: a pilot study in children with HIV-related brain disease and controls. Pediatric Radiology 45(7): 1016-25, Jul 2015 .

Goussard P, Gie RP, Janson JT, le Roux P, Kling S, Andronikou S, Roussouw GJ: Decompression of enlarged mediastinal lymph nodes due to mycobacterium tuberculosis causing severe airway obstruction in child. Annals of Thoracic Surgery 99(4): 1157-63, Apr 2015.

Back SJ, Andronikou S, Kilborn T, Kaplan BS, Darge K: Imaging features of tuberous sclerosis complex with autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease: a contiguous gene syndrome. Pediatric Radiology 45(3): 386-95, Mar 2015.

Hlabangana LT, Andronikou S: Short-term impact of pictorial posters and a crash course on radiographic errors for improving the quality of paediatric chest radiographs in an unsupervised unit-a pilot study for quality-assurance outreach. Pediatric Radiology 45(2): 158-65, Feb 2015.

2014

Halton J, Kosack C, Spijker S, Joekes E, Andronikou S, Chetcuti K, Brant WE, Bonnardot L, Wootton R: Teleradiology usage and user satisfaction with the telemedicine system operated by médecins sans frontières. Front Public Health 28(2): 202, Oct 2014.

Andronikou S, Ackermann C, Laughton B, Cotton M, Tomazos N, Spottiswoode B, Mauff K, Pettifor JM: Correlating brain volume and callosal thickness with clinical and laboratory indicators of disease severity in children with HIV-related brain disease. Child's Nervous System 30(9): 1549-57, Sep 2014.

Candy S, Chang G, Andronikou S: Acute myelopathy or cauda equina syndrome in  HIV-positive adults in a tuberculosis endemic setting: MRI, clinical, and pathologic findings. American Journal of Neuroradiology 35(8): 1634-41, Aug 2014.

Ackermann C, Andronikou S, Laughton B, Kidd M, Dobbels E, Innes S, van Toorn R, Cotton M: White matter signal abnormalities in children with suspected HIV-related neurologic disease on early combination antiretroviral therapy. Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal 33(8): e207-12, Aug 2014.

Moseme T, Andronikou S: Through the eye of the suprasternal notch: point-of-care sonography for tuberculous mediastinal lymphadenopathy in children. Pediatric Radiology 44(6): 681-4, Jun 2014.

Kemp ML, Andronikou S, Lucas S, Rubin G: Is routine biopsy of sonographically benign breast lesions in black African women under 40 years of age recommended? South African Medical Journal 52(2): 36-40, Jun 2014.

Irving BJ, Goussard P, Andronikou S, Gie R, Douglas TS, Todd-Pokropek A, Taylor P: Computer assisted detection of abnormal airway variation in CT scans related to paediatric tuberculosis. Medical Image Analysis 18(187): 963-976, Jun 2014.

Griggs R, Andronikou S, Nell R, O'Connell N, Dehaye A, Boechat MI: World Federation of Pediatric Imaging (WFPI) volunteer outreach through tele-reading: the pilot project in South Africa. Pediatric Radiology 44(6): 648-54, Jun 2014.

Andronikou S, Dehaye A, Boechat MI: WFPI virtual communications centre: a hive of e-mail activity. Pediatric Radiology 44(6): 700-3, Jun 2014.

Spijker S, Andronikou S, Kosack C, Wootton R, Bonnet M, Lemmens N: Quality assessment of X-rays interpreted via teleradiology for Médecins Sans Frontières. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 20(2): 82-8, Mar 2014.

Andronikou S, van Wyk MJ, Goussard P, Gie RP: Left main bronchus compression as a result of tuberculous lymph node compression of the right-sided airways with right lung volume loss in children. Pediatric Pulmonology 49(3): 263-8, Mar 2014.

2013

Goussard P, Gie RP, Kling S, Andronikou S, Lucas S, Janson J, Roussouw G: Bronchoscopic assessment of airway involvement in children presenting with clinically significant airway obstruction due to tuberculosis. Pediatric Pulmonology 48(10): 1000-7, Oct 2013.

Dekker G, Andronikou S, Greyling J, Louw B, Brandt A: Contrast meals and malrotation in children-metal markers for improved accuracy. Pediatric Radiology 43(1): 115-8, Jan 2013.

2012

Terreblanche OD, Andronikou S, Hlabangana LT, Brown T, Boshoff PE: Should registrars be reporting after-hours CT scans? A calculation of error rate and the influencing factors in South Africa. Acta Radiologica 53: 61-8, 2012.

Lucas S, Andronikou S, Goussard P, Gie R: CT features of lymphobronchial tuberculosis in children, including complications and associated abnormalities. Pediatric Radiology 42: 923-931, 2012.

Andronikou S, van der Merwe D: Confirmation and Correlation of probable TB Lymphadenopathy on Lateral CXR in children with Sagital Multiplanar reconstruction using Multi Detector Computed Tomography. South African Journal of Radiology 16: 87-92, 2012.

Andronikou S, van Wyk M, Segwe A, Odwe O, Dlangamandla S, Malatji P, Mngomezulu V: Imaging Children Gently: a survey of South African radiologists regarding safe computed tomography practice in children. Transactions (of the Colleges of Medicine of South Africa) 56(1): 38-45, 2012.

Govender N, Andronikou S, Goodier MD: Adequacy of paediatric renal tract ultrasound requests and reports in a general radiology department. Pediatric Radiology 42(2): 188-95, Feb 2012.

von Bezing H, Andronikou S, van Toorn R, Douglas T: Are linear measurements and computerized volumetric ratios determined from axial MRI useful for diagnosing hydrocephalus in children with tuberculous meningitis? Child's Nervous System 28(1): 79-85, Jan 2012.

von Bezing H, Andronikou S, van Toorn R, Douglas T: Are linear measurements and computerized volumetric ratios determined from axial MRI useful for diagnosing hydrocephalus in children with tuberculous meningitis?  Child's Nervous System 28(1): 79-85, Jan 2012.

2011

Terry BM, Blehar D, Gaspari R, Maydell A, Besuidenhoud F, Andronikou S: FAST as a Predictor of Clinical Outcome in Blunt Abdominal Trauma. South African Journal of Radiology 15(4): 108-115, 2011.

Scheepers S, Andronikou S, Mapukata A, Donald P: Abdominal lymphadenopathy in children with tuberculosis presenting with respiratory symptoms  Ultrasound 19: 134-139, 2011.

Scheepers S, Andronikou S, Mapukata A, Donald P: Abdominal lymphadenopathy in children with tuberculosis presenting with respiratory symptoms  Ultrasound 19: 134-139, 2011.

Omar N, Andronikou S, van Toorn R, Pienaar M: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of borderzone necrosis in paediatric tuberculous meningitis. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 55: 563-70, 2011.

Omar N, Andronikou S, van Toorn R, Pienaar M: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging of borderzone necrosis in paediatric tuberculous meningitis. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 55: 563-70, 2011.

Du Plessis V, Andronikou S, Struck G, McKerrow N, Stoker A: Baseline chest radiographic features of HIV-infected children eligible for antiretroviral therapy. South African Medical Journal 101: 829-34, 2011.

Dekker G, Andronikou S, van Toorn R, Scheepers S, Brandt A, Ackermann C: MRI findings in children with tuberculous meningitis: a comparison of HIV-infected and non-infected patients. Child's Nervous System 27(11): 1943-9, Nov 2011.

2010

Grobbelaar M, Andronikou S: Is airway diameter measured accurately on routine axial slices? Comparison with true axial diameter using MPR in children with airway compression owing to pulmonary TB. South African Journal of Radiology 14: 56-61, 2010.

Goussard P, Gie RP, Kling S, Nel ED, Louw M, Schubert PT, Rhode D, Vanker A, Andronikou S: The diagnostic value and safety of transbronchial needle aspiration biopsy in children with mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Pediatric Pulmonology 45(12): 1173-9, Dec 2010.

Maydell A, Goussard P, Andronikou S, Bezuidenhout F, Ackermann C, Gie R: Radiological changes post-lymph node enucleation for airway obstruction in children with pulmonary tuberculosis. European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery 38(4): 478-83, Oct 2010.

2009

Andronikou S, Przybojewski S, Beningfield SJ, Moosa S: Report on the Status of Radiology Resident Training in South Africa. Transactions (of the Colleges of Radiology of South Africa) 53: 54-57, 2009.

Maydell AT, Andronikou S, Ackermann C, Bezuidenhout AF: Comparison of paper print and soft copy reading in plain paediatric radiographs. Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 53(5): 459-66, Oct 2009.

Andronikou S, van Toorn R, Boerhout E: MR imaging of the posterior hypophysis in children with tuberculous meningitis. European Radiology 19(9): 2249-54, Sep 2009.

van der Merwe DJ, Andronikou S, Van Toorn R, Pienaar M: Brainstem ischemic lesions on MRI in children with tuberculous meningitis: with diffusion weighted confirmation. Childs Nerv Syst 25(8): 949-54, Aug 2009.

Pienaar M, Andronikou S, van Toorn R: MRI to demonstrate diagnostic features and complications of TBM not seen with CT. Child's Nervous System 25(8): 941-7, Aug 2009.

du Plessis J, Goussard P, Andronikou S, Gie R, George R: Comparing three-dimensional volume-rendered CT images with fibre optic tracheobronchoscopy in the evaluation of airway compression caused by tuberculous lymphadenopathy in children. Pediatric Radiology 39(7): 694-702, Jul 2009.

du Plessis AM, Theron S, Andronikou S: The effects of misinterpretation of an artefact on multidetector row CT scans in children. Pediatric Radiology 39(2): 137-41, Feb 2009.

2008

Janse van Rensburg P, Andronikou S, van Toorn R, Pienaar M: Magnetic resonance imaging of miliary tuberculosis of the central nervous system in children with tuberculous meningitis. Pediatric Radiology 38(12): 1306-13, Dec 2008.

Vadachia Y, Els H, Andronikou S: Accuracy of patients' self-reporting of pregnancy and awareness of risks to the fetus from X-ray radiation. South African Medical Journal 98(11): 862, 864, Nov 2008.

Goussard P, Gie RP, Kling S, Schaaf HS, Kritzinger F, Andronikou S, Beyers N, Rossouw GJ: The outcome of infants younger than 6 months requiring ventilation for pneumonia caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Pediatric Pulmonology 43(5): 505-10, May 2008.

2007

Mapukata A, Andronikou S, Fasulakis S, McCulloch M, Grobbelaar M, Jee L6: Modern imaging of renal tuberculosis in children. Australasian Radiology 51(6): 538-42, Dec 2007.

Du Plessis V, Andronikou S: Is selection for a registrar post in South Africa defined by a preconceived social profile or are candidates selected on academic credentials and work experience? South African Journal of Radiology 11(2): 18-23, 2007.

Ackermann C, Andronikou S, Erlank A, Parsons JJ, Cilliers G: CT for upper abdominal pathology - is imaging of the pelvis necessary? South African Journal of Radiology 11(1): 14-19, 2007.

Brandt A, Andronikou S, Wieselthaler N, Louw B, Kilborn T, Dekker G, Bertelsman J, Dreyer C: Accuracy of radiographer reporting of paediatric brain CT. Pediatric Radiology 37(3): 291-6, Mar 2007.

2006

Andronikou S, Wilmshurst J, Hatherill M, VanToorn R: Distribution of brain infarction in children with tuberculous meningitis and correlation with outcome score at 6 months. Pediatric Radiology 36(12): 1289-94, Dec 2006.

Theron S, Andronikou S, Grobbelaar M, Steyn F, Mapukata A, du Plessis J: Localized basal meningeal enhancement in tuberculous meningitis. Pediatric Radiology 36(11): 1182-5, Nov 2006.

Przybojewski S, Andronikou S, Wilmshurst J: Objective CT criteria to determine the presence of abnormal basal enhancement in children with suspected tuberculous meningitis. Pediatric Radiology 36(7): 687-96, Jul 2006.

2005

Swingler GH, du Toit G, Andronikou S, van der Merwe L, Zar HJ: Diagnostic accuracy of chest radiography in detecting mediastinal lymphadenopathy in suspected pulmonary tuberculosis. Archives of Disease in Childhood 90(11): 1153-6, Nov 2005.

Andronikou S, Wieselthaler N, Smith B, Douis H, Fieggen AG, van Toorn R, Wilmshurst J: Value of early follow-up CT in paediatric tuberculous meningitis. Pediatric Radiology 35(11): 1092-9, Nov 2005.

Andronikou S, Wieselthaler N, Kilborn T: Significant airway compromise in a child with a posterior mediastinal mass due to tuberculous spondylitis. Pediatric Radiology 35(11): 1159-60, Nov 2005.

Theron S, Andronikou S: Comparing axillary and mediastinal lymphadenopathy of CT in children with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis. Pediatric Radiology 35(9): 854-8, Sep 2005.

Andronikou S, Brauer B, Galpin J, Brachmeyer S, Lucas S, Joseph E, Dutoit G, Swingler G: Interobserver variability in the detection of mediastinal and hilar lymph nodes on CT in children with suspected pulmonary tuberculosis. Pediatric Radiology 35(4): 425-8, Apr 2005.

2004

Andronikou S, Smith B, Hatherhill M, Douis H, Wilmshurst J: Definitive neuroradiological diagnostic features of tuberculous meningitis in children. Pediatric Radiology 34(11): 876-85, Nov 2004.

De Villiers RV, Andronikou S, Van de Westhuizen S: Specificity and sensitivity of chest radiographs in the diagnosis of paediatric pulmonary tuberculosis and the value of additional high-kilovoltage radiographs. Australasian Radiology 48(2): 148-53, Jun 2004.

Andronikou S, Joseph E, Lucas S, Brachmeyer S, Du Toit G, Zar H, Swingler G: CT scanning for the detection of tuberculous mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy in children. Pediatric Radiology 34(3): 232-6, Mar 2004.

2003

Andronikou S, Kilborn T, Patel M, Fieggen AG: Skull fracture as a herald of intracranial abnormality in children with mild head injury: is there a role for skull radiographs? Australasian Radiology 47(4): 381-5, Dec 2003.

Fasulakis S, Andronikou S: Balloon dilatation in children for oesophageal strictures other than those due to primary repair of oesophageal atresia, interposition or restrictive fundoplication. Pediatric Radiology 33(10): 682-7, Oct 2003.

Fasulakis S, Andronikou S: Comparison of MR angiography and conventional angiography in the investigation of intracranial arteriovenous malformations and aneurysms in children. Pediatric Radiology 33(6): 378-84, Jun 2003.

McCulloch M, Andronikou S, Goddard E, Sinclair P, Lawrenson J, Mandelstam S, Beningfield SJ, Millar AJ: Angiographic features of 26 children with Takayasu's arteritis. Pediatric Radiology 33(4): 230-5, Apr 2003.

2002

Andronikou S, Millar AJ, Kader E, Welman CJ: Anatomical considerations in the imaging of 'reduced-size' liver transplantation in children. Pediatric Radiology 32(11): 793-7, Nov 2002.

Andronikou S, Jadwat S, Douis H: Patterns of disease on MRI in 53 children with tuberculous spondylitis and the role of gadolinium. Pediatric Radiology 32(11): 798-805, Nov 2002.

Andronikou S, Welman CJ, Kader E: The CT features of abdominal tuberculosis in children. Pediatric Radiology 32(2): 75-81, Feb 2002.

Andronikou S, Bertelsmann J: CT scanning--essential for conservative management of paediatric blunt abdominal trauma. South African Medical Journal 92(1): 35-8, Jan 2002.

2001

Andronikou S, Smith B: When and How to Perform Intravenous Urography in Children. South African Journal of Radiology 5(1): 53-54, 2001.

Andronikou S, Cooke ML, Donen A, Mackintosh D, Oram A, Bregman J, Tomazos H: Violence against children in the Western Cape-a study by children for the benefit of children. South African Medical Journal 91(12): 1033-5, Dec 2001.

2000

McCulloch M, Andronikou S, Hoffman EB, Goddard E, Kahn D: Avascular necrosis of the hip in paediatric renal transplant recipients. Pediatric Transplantation 4(Supplement 2): 122, August 2000.

Books

2018

Andronikou S, Prabhu S: Pediatric Neuroimaging. Berlin Heidelberg. Andronikou S (eds.). Springer Nature, April 2018.

2012

Andronikou S: See Right Through Me: An imaging anatomy atlas 2nd Edition. Berlin Heidelberg. Andronikou S (eds.). Springer-Verlag, 2012  Notes: Chief Editor.

Andronikou S: Doc Andy and the X-ray team (A children's picture book about X-ray procedures. Printed by HotInk, Cape Town, South Africa. Andronikou S (eds.). Self published and distributed, 2012 Notes: Chief Editor.

2010

Andronikou S, Alexander A, Kilborn T, Daneman A, Millar A: ABC of Pediatric Surgical Imaging. Berlin Heidlberg. Savvas Andronikou (eds.). Springer-Verlag, 2010 Notes: Chief Editor.

2006

Andronikou S: See right through me: an imaging anatomy atlas, 1st Edition. South Africa Medical Association. Savvas Andronikou, Nicky Wieselthaler, Tracy Kilborn (eds.). SAMA Health and Medical Publication Group, 2006 Notes: Chief editor.

2004

Andronikou S: Baby steps into paediatric neuroradiology: a handbook. South African Medical Association. Savvas Andronikou, Nicky Wieselthaler, Ebrahim Kader (eds.). SAMA Health and Medical Publishing Group, 2004 Notes: Chief Editor.

Chapters

2017

Prabhu S, Andronikou S, Vargas SO, Robertson RL: Chapter: Paediatric Neuroradiology- Brain. Lee EY. Pediatric Radiology: Practical Imaging Evaluation of Infants and Children 1st ed. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins, 2017

Prabhu S, Andronikou S, Hammou A, Sarji SA, Robertson RL: Chapter 2: Brain Notes. Pediatric Radiology: Practical Imaging Evaluation of Infants & Children. Lee E (eds.). Wolters Kluwer, October 2017.

2016

Andronikou S, Kilborn T: Radiology of Childhood Tuberculosis. Handbook of Child and Adolescent Tuberculosis. Ed Starke JR and Donald PR (eds.). Oxford University Press  2016 Notes: Chapter Author.

Andronikou S, Kilborn T: Radiology of Childhood Tuberculosis. In Handbook of Child and Adolescent Tuberculosis. Starke JR and Donald PR (eds.). Oxford University Press, 2016.

2014

McHugh K, Andronikou S: Imaging in Children. Textbook of hospital care for pregnant women and girls, newborn infants and children in poorly resourced countries. David Southall (eds.). Radcliffe Publishing Ltd London, Page: 992-9, 2014.

2009

Wieselthaler N, Andronikou S: Unusual Images of Tuberculosis in Children. Tuberculosis: a comprehensive reference, 1 edition. Zumla and Schaaf (eds.). Saunders, Chapter 94: pages, March  2009.

Andronikou S and Wieselthaler N: Imaging for Tuberculosis in Children. Tuberculosis: A Comprehensive Clinical Reference 1st Edition. H. Simon Schaaf, Alimuddin Zumla (eds.). Saunders, Chapter 25: pages, March  2009.

Posters and Presentations

2022

Goncalves F, Tierradentro L, Zandifar A, Kim J, Ghosh A, Bag A, Kashgari A, Saint-Martin C, Mohammadifard M, Kumar S, Alves C, Teixeria S, Viaene A,  Yeom K, Andronikou S, Vossough A: What Is Under The Tent? Posterior Fossa Tumors In Children, Beyond The "Usual Suspects" American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting January 2022 Notes: Poster presentation.

Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Du Ub Kim J, Gonçalves FG, Zandifar A, Ghosh A, Khrichenko D, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Histogram Analysis Of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Maps In Differentiation Of Pediatric Posterior Fossa Tumors. American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, 4th Annual Meeting, Eden Roc Miami, FL January 2022 Notes: Poster.

Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Nel JH, Elsingergy M, Zandifar A, Du Ub Kim J, Andronikou S: Characterization of Intra-thalamic Regional Involvement in Patients Bron Term with Hypoxic Ischemic Injury. American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, 4th Annual Meeting, Eden Roc Miami, FL January 2022 Notes: Poster presentation.

Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Stern J, Zandifar A, Du Ub Kim J, Nel JH, Andronikou S: Neuroimaging Patterns in Vigabitrin-related Toxicity. American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, 4th Annual Meeting, Eden Roc Miami, FL January 2022 Notes: Poster presentation.

Tierradentro-García LO, Zandifar A,  Gonçalves FG, Du Ub Kim J, Ghosh A, Andronikou S, Vossough S: Imaging of Pediatric Antibody and Genetic Immune Mediated Central Nervous System Disorders. American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, 4th Annual Meeting, Eden Roc Miami, FL January 2022 Notes: Poster presentation.

Zandifar A, Gonçalves FG, Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Du Ub Kim J, Ghosh A, Viaene A,  Andronikou S, Vossough A: Imaging Spectrum of Pediatric Diffuse High-Grade Gliomas. American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, 4th Annual Meeting, Eden Roc Miami, FL January 2022 Notes: Poster presentation.

Zandifar A, Tierradentro-Garcia LO,   Gonçalves FG, Du Ub Kim J, Ghosh A,  Viaene A, Khrichenko D,  Andronikou S, Vossough A: Can Histogram Analysis of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Maps Differentiate Medulloblastoma Histologic and Molecular Subgroups? American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, 4th Annual Meeting, Eden Roc Miami, FL January 2022 Notes: Poster presentation.

Derbew HM, Yekeler E, Andronikou S, Du Plessis AM, Zar H, Otero H: Cardio-Thoracic vascular measurements in HIV-infected South African adolescents. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Denver, CO April - May 2022 Notes: Oral Present (accepted December 2021)

Ramirez S, KI, Serai S, Andronikou S, Otero H, Sellers R, Rapp JB: Feasibility of Ultrashort Echo-Time Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Pulmonary Evaluation in Children. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Denver, CO April - May 2022 Notes: Oral Presentation (accepted December 2021).

Venkatakrishna S, Andronikou S: A variety of spontaneous and post-surgical outcomes of Chiari I deformity in children - resolution and worsening. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Denver, CO April - May 2022 Notes: Case Report Poster (Electronic) (accepted December 2022).

Venkatakrishna S, Elsingergy M,  Calle-Toro JS, Dennis R, Andronikou S: The 'descending stair' sign on the lateral view UGIS for diagnosing duodenum redundum. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Denver, CO April - May 2022 Notes: Scientific Poster (Electronic) (accepted December 2021).

Venkatakrishna S, Elsingergy M, Worede F, Andronikou S: The frequency of unilateral, asymmetric or symmetric but unequal (UASU) injury patterns on MRI in children who sustained term hypoxic ischaemic injury. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Denver, CO April - May 2022 Notes: Scientific Poster (Electronic) (accepted December 2021).

2021

Clifford S, Spagnolo K, Zandifar A, Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Du Ub Kim J, Andronikou S: Novel use of Advanced MR Sequences in the diagnosis of Sturge Weber Syndrome. American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, 4th Annual Meeting, Eden Roc Miami, FL May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Elsingergy M, Worede F, Venkatakrishna S, Andronikou S: Comparing Distribution Of Injury In Isolated Basal-Ganglia-Thalamus (BGT) Injury Vs. Combined Basal Ganglia-Thalamus-Watershed (BGT-WS) Pattern Of Neonatal Hypoxic ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE). Presenting Author: Mohamed Elsingergy. American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Goncalves F, Tierradentro L, Zandifar A, Kim J, Ghosh A, Bag A, Kashgari A, Saint-Martin C, Mohammadifard M, Kumar S, Alves C, Teixeria S, Viaene A,  Yeom K, Andronikou S, Vossough A: What Is Under The Tent? Posterior Fossa Tumors In Children, Beyond The "Usual Suspects" American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Tierradentro-Garcia L, Zandifar A, Goncalves F, Kim J, Ghosh A,  Khrichenko D, Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Do Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Histogram Radiomic Metrics Differentiate Medulloblastoma Molecular Subgroups In Children? American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Zandifar A, Tierrandentro-Garcia LO, Goncalves FG, Kim J, Ghosh A,  Khrichenko D,  Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Application Of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Histogram Radiomic Metrics For Differentiation Of Posterior Fossa Tumors In Pediatric Patients. American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Zandifar A, Tierrandentro-Garcia LO, Goncalves FG, Kim J, Ghosh A,  Khrichenko D,  Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Application Of Apparent Diffusion Coeffcient Histogram Radiomic Metrics For Differentiation Of Posterior Fossa Tumors In Pediatric Patients. American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Schaeubinger MM, Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Kim J, Alves C, Andronikou S: Corpus Callosum Thickness in NF1 and its Correlation with Cognitive, Developmental, Intellectual Assessment, Autism Spectrum and ADHD. University of Pennsylvania Symposium, Philadelphia, PA June 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Zandifar A, Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Goncalves FG, Kim JDU, Ghosh A, Khrichenko D, Alves CAPF, Teixiera SR, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Apparent Diffusion coefficient radiomic metrics for differentiation of brain tumors in children. University of Pennsylvania Symposium, Philadelphia, PA June 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Alves C, Mcmanus M, Duncan N, Ramachandran A, McHugh W, Magnisky S, Kilbaugh T, Andronikou S: Anatomical correlation of human VS. mouse model on MRI. International Pediatric Radiology Congress (IPR), Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Elsingergy M, Toro JC, Dennis D, Grassi D, Otero H, Andronikou S: Frequency of duodenal anatomical variants in neonatal and pediatric uppergastrointestinal tract series (UGI) and the influence of exam quality on diagnostic. International Pediatric Radiology Congress (IPR), Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Fleury A, Andronikou S: Peri-rolandic involvment in hypoxic ischemic injury may also occur with partial prolonged insults. International Pediatric Radiology Congress (IPR), Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Henry K, Egbe T, Andronikou S,  Scribano P,  Servaes S,  White A, Wood J: Yield of post-mortem skeletal surveys in infants presenting with sudden unexpected death. International Pediatric Radiology Congress (IPR), Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Kim J, Goncalves F, Tierradentro-García LO, Zandifar A, Ghosh A, Khrichenko D, Viaene A, Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Radiologic Characterization Of Pediatric Posterior Fossa Ependymomas: The Role Of neuroimaging In Distinguishing Molecular Subtypes. International Pediatric Radiology 8th Conjoint Congress & Exhibition, Rome Italy October 2021  Notes: Oral presentation.

Schaeubinger M, Ramirez-Suarez KI, Rapp JB, Sodhi K, Saul D, Andronikou S: Chest Imaging In Children With Covid-19, A Systematic Review. International Pediatric Radiology 8th Conjoint Congress & Exhibition, Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Oral presentation.

Tierradentro-García LO, Zandifar A, Kim J, Andronikou S: Two Different Mri Patterns In Pediatric Parechovirus Encephalitis - From The Newborn To The Adolescent. International Pediatric Radiology 8th Conjoint Congress & Exhibition, Rome Italy October 2021 Notes: Oral presentation.

2020

Clifford S, Spagnolo K, Zandifar A, Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Du Ub Kim J, Andronikou S: Novel use of Advanced MR Sequences in the diagnosis of Sturge Weber Syndrome. American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, 4th Annual Meeting, Eden Roc Miami, FL May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Elsingergy M, Worede F, Venkatakrishna S, Andronikou S: Comparing Distribution Of Injury In Isolated Basal-Ganglia-Thalamus (BGT) Injury Vs. Combined Basal Ganglia-Thalamus-Watershed (BGT-WS) Pattern Of Neonatal Hypoxic ischemic Encephalopathy (HIE). Presenting Author: Mohamed Elsingergy. American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Goncalves F, Tierradentro L, Zandifar A, Kim J, Ghosh A, Bag A, Kashgari A, Saint-Martin C, Mohammadifard M, Kumar S, Alves C, Teixeria S, Viaene A,  Yeom K, Andronikou S, Vossough A: What Is Under The Tent? Posterior Fossa Tumors In Children, Beyond The "Usual Suspects" American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Tierradentro-Garcia L, Zandifar A, Goncalves F, Kim J, Ghosh A,  Khrichenko D, Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Do Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Histogram Radiomic Metrics Differentiate Medulloblastoma Molecular Subgroups In Children? American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Zandifar A, Tierrandentro-Garcia LO, Goncalves FG, Kim J, Ghosh A,  Khrichenko D,  Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Application Of Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Histogram Radiomic Metrics For Differentiation Of Posterior Fossa Tumors In Pediatric Patients. American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Zandifar A, Tierrandentro-Garcia LO, Goncalves FG, Kim J, Ghosh A,  Khrichenko D,  Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Application Of Apparent Diffusion Coeffcient Histogram Radiomic Metrics For Differentiation Of Posterior Fossa Tumors In Pediatric Patients. American Society of Neuroradiology 3rd Annual Meeting, Virtual Meeting May 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Schaeubinger MM, Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Kim J, Alves C, Andronikou S: Corpus Callosum Thickness in NF1 and its Correlation with Cognitive, Developmental, Intellectual Assessment, Autism Spectrum and ADHD. University of Pennsylvania Symposium, Philadelphia, PA June 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Zandifar A, Tierradentro-Garcia LO, Goncalves FG, Kim JDU, Ghosh A, Khrichenko D, Alves CAPF, Teixiera SR, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Apparent Diffusion coefficient radiomic metrics for differentiation of brain tumors in children. University of Pennsylvania Symposium, Philadelphia, PA June 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Alves C, Mcmanus M, Duncan N, Ramachandran A, McHugh W, Magnisky S, Kilbaugh T, Andronikou S: Anatomical correlation of human VS. mouse model on MRI. International Pediatric Radiology Congress (IPR), Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Elsingergy M, Toro JC, Dennis D, Grassi D, Otero H, Andronikou S: Frequency of duodenal anatomical variants in neonatal and pediatric uppergastrointestinal tract series (UGI) and the influence of exam quality on diagnostic. International Pediatric Radiology Congress (IPR), Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Fleury A, Andronikou S: Peri-rolandic involvment in hypoxic ischemic injury may also occur with partial prolonged insults. International Pediatric Radiology Congress (IPR), Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Henry K, Egbe T, Andronikou S,  Scribano P,  Servaes S,  White A, Wood J: Yield of post-mortem skeletal surveys in infants presenting with sudden unexpected death. International Pediatric Radiology Congress (IPR), Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Poster presentation.

Kim J, Goncalves F, Tierradentro-García LO, Zandifar A, Ghosh A, Khrichenko D, Viaene A, Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Radiologic Characterization Of Pediatric Posterior Fossa Ependymomas: The Role Of neuroimaging In Distinguishing Molecular Subtypes. International Pediatric Radiology 8th Conjoint Congress & Exhibition, Rome Italy October 2021  Notes: Oral presentation.

Schaeubinger M, Ramirez-Suarez KI, Rapp JB, Sodhi K, Saul D, Andronikou S: Chest Imaging In Children With Covid-19, A Systematic Review. International Pediatric Radiology 8th Conjoint Congress & Exhibition, Rome, Italy October 2021 Notes: Oral presentation.

Tierradentro-García LO, Zandifar A, Kim J, Andronikou S: Two Different Mri Patterns In Pediatric Parechovirus Encephalitis - From The Newborn To The Adolescent. International Pediatric Radiology 8th Conjoint Congress & Exhibition, Rome Italy October 2021 Notes: Oral presentation.

2020

Fabricio Goncalves; Cesar Alves; Sara Teixeira; Savvas Andronikou, Arastoo Vossough: Intracranial Calcifications in Childhood. 2nd Annual American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology Meeting, Miami Beach, Florida January 2020 Notes: Poster presentation - Awarded Magna Cum Laude.

Goncalves F, Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Intracranial Calcifications in Childhood. American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology January 2020 Notes: Poster presentation, Awarded Magna Cum Laude at American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology.

Goncalves F, Sebastian Saavedra J, Alves C, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Evaluation of MRI Features for Differentiating Primary Chroid Plexus Tumours in Children. 2nd Annual American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology Meeting, Miami Beach, Florida January 2020 Notes: Poster presentation, Awarded Best scientific poster at Best scientific poster.

Adams N, Teixeira S, Feygin T, Zarnow D, Andronikou S: Prenatal Neuroimaging in Arthrogryposis. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

Barrera C, Andronikou S, Tapia I, White A, Biko D, Otero H: Normal age-related quantitative CT values in pediatric lung: From the first breath to adulthood. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral Presentation [accepted-cancelled due to COVID-19]

Barrera C, Chidambaram A, Andronikou S, Tapia I, Otero H: Quantitative CT in Neuroendocrine Cell Hyperplasia of Infancy: Utility of objective evaluation of the lung parenchyma. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

Chacko A, Andronikou S, Goncalves FG, Vedajallam S, Thai NJ: Radiological Patterns in Late Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Children with Cerebral Palsy Due to Perinatal Hypoxic Ischemic Injury. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

Chacko A, Andronikou S, Shearn A, Bolton S, Klemm M, Thai NJ: 3D Printing of the Brain from Delayed MRI Scans of Pediatric Cases with Hypoxic Ischaemic Injury, Improvements to Workflow and Settings to Produce Highly Accurate and Reproducible Cortical Surface 3D Print Models. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

Chacko A, Andronikou S, Vedajallam S, Mian A, Goncalves FG, Thai NJ: Cortical ischaemic patterns in term partial-prolonged hypoxic-ischaemic injury - the interarterial watershed demonstrated through atrophy, ulegyria and signal change on delayed MRI scans in children with cerebral palsy. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Poster Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

Goncalves F, Khrichenko D, Martin-Saavedra J, Alves CA, Texeira S,  Andronikou S, Vossough A: Apparent Diffusion Coefficient Histogram Radiomic Metrics for Classification of Intraventricular Pediatric Brain Tumors. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

Goncalves F, Pinelli L, Mankad K, Alves CA, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Intracranial Calcification, Computed Tomography, Magnetic Resonance. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral presentation [accepted cancelled - due to COVID-19

Goncalves F, Wang DJ, Goldman-yassen A, Martin-Saavedra J, Alves CA, Teixeira S, Andronikou S, Vossough A: Quantitative Proton magnetic resonance Spectroscopy in Primary Mitochondrial Disorders. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

Nketiah L, Taragin BH, Silva CT, Andronikou S, Otero HJ: CT Imaging in Low and Low-middle Income Countries: A pictorial review of cases received in the World Federation of Pediatric Imaging (WFPI) tele-radiology platform. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Poster Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

Zhu X, Silvestro E, Andronikou S: Developing A Low Dose Dynamic Airway Protocol for Simulating Clinical CT Studies Utilizing A 3D Printed Infant Dynamic Airway Phantom. Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida May 2020 Notes: Oral Presentation [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]

2019

Andronikou S: Intracranial infections-imaging of CNS TB in HIV-infected and un-infected populations. European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 55th Annual Meeting and 41st Post Graduate Course, Helsinki, Finland 49(Suppl 2): S314-S316, May 2019 Notes: Oral presentation.

Barrera C, Andronikou S: Failure to re-position in the arms on portable NICU chest radiograph mimicks lamellar effusion: A quality assurance (QA) project ESPR 2019 European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 55th Annual Meeting and 41st Post Graduate Course, Helsinki, Finland 49(Suppl 2): S283-S284, May 2019 Notes: Oral presentation.

Barrera C, Andronikou S, Otero H: Radiological findings in nutritional deficiencies and eating disorders in children: a pictorial review. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, 62nd Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Hilton San Francisco, Union Square San Francisco, California, United States 49 (Suppl 1): S158, May 2019 Notes: Poster presentation.

Barrera C, Silvestro E, Scribano P, Wood J, Henry K, Andronikou S: 3D printed models of the rib cage in children with non-accidental injury as an effective visual-aid tool. ESPR 2019 European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 55th Annual Meeting and 41st Post Graduate Course, Helsinki, Finland 49(Suppl 2): S302, May 2019 Notes: Oral presentation.

Barrera C, du Plessis AM, Otero H, Mhatab S, Zar H, Andronikou S: Quantitative analysis of CT-scans for bronchiolitis obliterans in vertically HIV-infected adolescents - comparison with CT assessment and clinical findings. European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 55th Annual Meeting and 41st Post Graduate Course, Helsinki, Finland 49(Suppl 2): S303-S304, May 2019 Notes: Oral presentation.

Barrera CA, Andronikou S, Tapia IE, Saul S, Biko DM, Otero HJ: Quantitative Computed Tomography of normal Lung Development in Newborns and Infants. European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 55th Annual Meeting and 41st Post Graduate Course, Helsinki, Finland 49(Suppl 2): S282-S283, May 2019 Notes: Oral presentation.

Calle Toro J, Andronikou S: Is the new ultrasound technology affecting the way radiologists are interpreting studies for hypertrophic pyloric stenosis? Society for Pediatric Radiology, 62nd Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Hilton San Francisco, Union Square San Francisco, California, United States 49(Suppl 1): S60-S161, May 2019 Notes: Poster presentation.

Dennis RA, Silvestro E, Hill L, Andronikou S, Anupindi S, Hwang M: Development of a 3D ultrasound bowel phantom for trainee education. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, 62nd Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Hilton San Francisco, Union Square San Francisco, California, United States 49(Suppl 1): S190-191, May 2019 Notes: Poster presentation.

Maier P, Silvestro E, Goldfarb S, Piccione J, Phinizy P, Andronikou S: Fabrication and application of realistic three-dimensional (3D) printed pediatric static and dynamic airway training models for bronchoscopy and foreign body removal. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, 62nd Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Hilton San Francisco, Union Square San Francisco, California, United States 49(Suppl 1): S166, May 2019 Notes: Poster presentation.

Raubeheimer LA, Andronikou S, Kilborn T: Corpus callosum morphology in children on mid-sagittal MR imaging. The Society for Pediatric Radiology, 62nd Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course, Hilton San Francisco, Union Square San Francisco, California 49(Suppl 1): S203, May 2019 Notes: Poster presentation.

Invited Lectures 

2021

Andronikou S. "Chest Imaging Of Covid-19", Here Be Lungs, Cape Town, South Africa. Nov 2021.

Andronikou S. "Ultrasound for diagnosing tuberculosis", The International Pediatric Radiology, 8th Conjoint Congress & Exhibition & Pre-Course, Colloquia Rome, Italy. Oct 2021.

Andronikou S."Ultrasound for diagnosing tuberculosis", International Pediatric Radiology Congress, Rome, Italy. Oct 2021.

Andronikou S. "Mediastinal imaging in Tuberculosis", Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) Thoracic Imaging Course, Virtual Meeting. Aug 2021.

Andronikou S. "Literature Summary OF covid-19", Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) Thoracic Imaging Course, Virtual Meeting. Aug 2021.

Andronikou S. "From Pandemic To Endemic: The Evolving Role Of Radiology In TB And COVID", Certified Information Privacy Privacy (CIPP), 20th International Congress on Pediatric Pulmonology, Virtual Meeting. Jun 2021.

Andronikou S. "Pediatric COVID Imaging Findings In The Lungs - A Timeline Of Publications In The Year 2020", Virtual Meeting Of The Hellenic Pediatric-Pulmonary Society. May 2021.

Andronikou S. "Corpus Callosum -  too thick, too thin and just right", Department of Radiology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. Feb 2021.

Andronikou S. "MRI Patterns in Term Hypoxic Ischaemic Injury: lessons from delayed MRI scans in children with cerebral palsy, Radiologic Society of South Africa Virtual Lecture program, 274 delegates. Feb 2021.

Andronikou S. "CSF Spaces in Children -  everything but hydrocephalus", Radiologic Society of South Africa Virtual Lecture program, 243 delegates. Jan 2021.

Andronikou S. "Neonatal Bowel Obstruction - following a diagnostic pathway using imaging", Radiologic Society of South Africa Virtual Lecture program, 255 delegates. Jan 2021.

2020

Andronikou S. "The Radiology Quiz and the Radiology Quiz Denouement. The Nineteenth International Conference on Paediatric Pulmonology (CIPP XIX) Thessaloniki, Greece [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]. Jun 2020.

Andronikou S. "The full-day Post-Graduate Course on Clinical Radiology",  The Nineteenth International Conference on Paediatric Pulmonology (CIPP XIX) Thessaloniki, Greece [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]. Jun 2020.

Andronikou S."OUTREACH: SCIENTIFIC SESSION - Value of ultrasound in paediatric imaging", European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 56th Annual Meeting & 42nd Post Graduate Course, Palais du Pharo, Marseille, France [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]. Jun 2020.

Andronikou S. "International ultrasound network. Outreach Session: Working Together - The ESPR Meets Other Societies", European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 56th Annual Meeting & 42nd Post Graduate Course of the European Society of Paediatric Radiology, Palais du Pharo, Marseille, France [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]. Jun 2020.

Andronikou S. "Point-of-care ultrasound - pitfalls, tips and tricks",  European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 56th Annual Meeting & 42nd Post Graduate Course, Palais du Pharo, Marseille, France [accepted - cancelled due to COVID-19]. Jun 2020.

Andronikou S. "Future of WFPI- Critical Directions Midday Session XIX - World Health Issues and the WFPI", Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida (accepted-canceled due to COVID-19). May 2020.

Andronikou S. "Low Hanging fruit for developing and developed world scenarios alike", Research Colloquium . Society for Pediatric Radiology Annual Meeting & Postgraduate Course. Inter-Continental Miami, Miami, Florida, (canceled due to COVID-19). May 2020.

Andronikou S. "Objective Imaging in NEHI", 'Here Be Lungs' conference, Stellenbosch, South Africa. Mar 2020.

Andronikou S. "Evaluation of MRI Features for Differentiating Primary Choroid Plexus Tumors in Children", American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Intercontinental, Miami Florida. Jan 2020.

Andronikou S. "Voxel-based Lesion Mapping of Inter-Arterial Watershed Areas in Patients with Hypoxic-Ischemic Injury", American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology, Intercontinental, Miami, Florida. Jan 2020.

2019

Andronikou S. "CSF filled spaces in children and feng shui of the brain", Visiting Professorship, Department of Radiology, University of Cape Town, Observatory, South Africa. Nov 2019.

Andronikou S. "Problems and solutions for diagnosing pulmonary TB in Children", Visiting Professorship, Department of Pediatrics, Institute of Child Health, University of Cape Town and Red Cross Children's Hospital, Rondebosch, South Africa. Nov 2019.

Andronikou S. "Intracranial Infections: Task-force Outreach - Imaging Paediatric Tropical Disease", European Society of Paediatric Radiology, 55th Annual Meeting & 41st Post Graduate Course, Helsinki, Finland. May 2019.

Andronikou S. "A novel way to perform flawless upper GI contrast studies in newborns and infants with bile stained vomiting", Visiting Professorship, Department of Radiology University of California (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA. Feb 2019.

Andronikou S. "Problems and Solutions for Diagnosing Pulmonary TB in Children", Visiting Professorship, Department of Radiology, University of California (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA. Feb 2019.

Awards and Honors

2020, Best scientific poster, 2nd Annual American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology

2020, Magna Cum Laude poster, 2nd Annual American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology meeting

2016, Radiological Society of South Africa (RSSA) Poster Award 3rd Prize, SASPI Congress 2016, Spier, Cape Town, South Africa

2016, Award winning/best of electronic exhibit- Most Viewed Radiological Society of South Africa (RSSA)Electronic Exhibit During ARRS 2016 Annual Meeting

2016, Royal College of Radiologists Traveling Roentgen Professor, United Kingdom

2015, Radiological Society of South Africa (RSSA) Poster Award, 2nd Prize, SA2015 Imaging Congress, Sandton Convention Center, Johannesburg South Africa

2013, Honorary member of the Society for Pediatric Radiology (SPR) (N America)

2012, Research award, University of the Witwatersrand Faculty of Health Sciences

2011, International Pediatric Radiology Olympics Quiz-winners, International Pediatric Radiology (IPR), London, United Kingdom

2008, Gold regional award, National Science Expo, TB Meningitis project, Herschel High School-awarded to team

2007, Rector's award for Outstanding Research, University of Stellenbosch

2007, Radiologic Society of North America Derek Harwood Nash Fellow, Columbia University Medical Centre

2006, Stellenbosch University Academic Day August 2006: winner of radiation session. 'Patterns of Basal Enhancement in Pediatric TBM'

2002, Maurice Weinbren Award for publication: College of Radiologists of South Africa

2001, Derek Harwood-Nash Neuroradiology Scholarship, Toronto Hospital for Sick Children

2001, Maurice Weinbren Award for publication: College of Radiologists of South Africa

2001, Rotary Association Award, UNESCO Research project on violence, Herzlia High School-awarded to team

Editorial and Academic Positions

Editorial Positions

2006-present, Peer Reviewer, Pediatric Radiology
2006-present, Editorial Board, Pediatric Radiology

Academic and Institutional Committees 

2021-present, Department of Radiology Inaugural Research Committee, Chair

Leadership and Memberships

Memberships in Professional Organizations

International

2015-present, British Society of Pediatric Radiology (BSPR)
2012-present, African Society of Paediatric Imaging (AfSPI)
2011-present, World Federation of Pediatric Imaging (WFPI)
2010-present, South African Society of Pediatric imaging (SASPI)
2007-present, Radiological Society of South Africa, (RSSA)
2006-present, Radiologic Society of North America (RSNA)
2001-present, European Society of Pediatric Radiology (ESPR)
1998-present, Colleges of Medicine of South Africa (CMSA)

National

2019-present, American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology
2019-present, American College of Radiology Pediatric Imaging Research
 - 2019-present, Pediatric Imaging Research Committee
2018-present, American Society of Pediatric Neuroradiology
2013-present, Society of Pediatric Radiology (SPR)
 - 2019-present, Thoracic Imaging Committee
 - 2019-present, Board Member, Research and Education Foundation