Education and Training

Medical School

MD - West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV

Internship

Internal Medicine - Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC

Residency

Ophthalmology - Wilmer Eye Institute at Johns Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD

Fellowship

Cornea and External Disease - Wills Eye Hospital, Philadelphia, PA

Board Certification

Ophthalmology

Titles and Academic Titles

Ophthalmologist

Departments and Services

Publications

Papers

2016

Kosker M, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Nassef AH, Rapuano CJ. The Association Between Diabetes and Herpes Simplex Eye Disease. Ocul Immunol Inflamm. 2:1-5, 2016.

Karadag R, Chan TC, Azari AA, Nagra PK, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ. Survival of Primary Penetrating Keratoplasty in Children. American Journal of Ophthalmology. 171: 95-100, 2016.

Weissbart SB, Hammersmith KM, Ayres BD, Rapuano CJ, Nagra PK, Raber IM, Azari AA. Influence of Early Descemet Stripping Endothelial Keratoplasty on Visual Outcomes in Pseudophakic Corneal Edema. American Journal of Ophthalmology. 172: 58-63, 2016.

2015

Ni N, Nam EM, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Azari AA, Leiby BE, Dai Y, Cabrera FA, Ma JF, Lambert CE Jr, Honig SE, Rapuano CJ. Cornea. 2015 Mar;34(3):296-302

Hammersmith KM. Curr Opin Ophthalmol. 2015 Jul;26(4):301-5

Kosker M, Suri K, Rapuano CJ, Ayres BD, Nagra PK, Raber IM, Hammersmith KM. Long-Term Results of the Boston Keratoprosthesis for Unilateral Corneal Disease. Cornea. 34: 1057-1062, 2015.

Ma JF, Rapuano CJ, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Dai Y, Azari AA. Outcomes of Wound Dehiscence Post-Penetrating Keratoplasty. Cornea. 35: 778-783, 2016. 

Cheung N, Nagra P, Hammersmith K. Emerging trends in contact-lens related infections. Current Opinion Ophthalmol 2016 May. Epub ahead of print.

Hope WC, Cordovez JA, Capasso JE, Hammersmith KM, Eagle RC, Lall-Trail J, Levin AV. Peters anomaly in cri-du-chat syndrome.  J AAPOS 2015;19(3) 277-9.

Hammersmith KM. Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in Children. Current Opin Ophthalmol 2015;26 (4)301-5.

2014

Reddy JC, Rapuano CJ, Cater JR, Suri K, Nagra PK, Hammersmith KM. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2014 Apr;40(4):582-92

Reddy JC, Rapuano CJ, Felipe AF, Nagra PK, Hammersmith KM. Eye Contact Lens. 2014 Jul;40(4):213-9

2013

Reddy JC, Tibbetts MD, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Rapuano CJ. Successful management of Burkholderia cepacia keratitis after LASIK. J Refract Surg. 2013. 29(1):8-9.

Reddy JC, Tibetts MD, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Rapuano CJ. Successful management of Burkholderia cepacia keratitis after LASIK.  J Refract Surg. 2013. 29(1):8-9

Kosker M, Duman F, Suri K, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Rapuano CJ. Long-Term Results of Keratoplasty in Patients with Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus. Cornea 2013.  March

Felipe AF, Hammersmith KM, Nottage JM, Rapuano CJ, Nagra PK, Cohen EJ, Laibson PR. Indications, Visual Outcome, and Ectasia in Clear Corneal Transplants 20 years Old or More.  Cornea 2013 32(5):602-607. 

Turaka K, Hammersmith KM, Nottage J, Nagra PK, Rapuano CJ. Dry Eye syndrome in aromatase inhibitor users.  Clin. Experiment Ophthalmol. 2013  41(3):239-243..

Reddy JC, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Rapuano CJ. The role of penetrating keratoplasty in the era of selective lamellar keratoplasty.  Int. Ophthalmol Clin 2013 53(2) 91-101.

Reddy JC, Rapuano CJ, Nagra PK, Hammersmith KM.  Excimer Laser Phototherapeutic Keratectomy in Eyes with Corneal Stromal Dystrophies With and Without a Corneal Graft.  Am J Ophthalmol. 2013.  155(6):1111-1118.

Verhoeven VJ, Hysi PG, Wojciechoeski, *Fuchs’ Genetics Multi-Center Study Group (*KM Hammersmith, Principal Investigator for Wills Eye), Genome-wide meta-analyses of multi-ancestry cohorts identify multiple new susceptibility loci for refractive error and myopia.   et al. Nat. Genet. 2013. 45(3):314-8

Felipe AF, Hammersmith KM, Nottage JM, Rapuano CJ, Nagra PK, Cohen EJ, Laibson PR.  Indications, Visual Outcome, and Ectasia in Clear Corneal Transplants 20 Years Old or more.  Cornea 2013. 32(5):602-607.

Saini A, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, Cohen EJ, Hammersmith KM.  Episodes of microbial keratitis with therapeutic silicone hydrogel bandage soft contact lenses.  Eye Contact Lens 2013. 39(5)324-328.

Zhang X, Igo RP Jr, Fondran J, Mootha VV, Oliva M, *Hammersmith K, Sugar A, Lass JH, Iyengar SK; Fuchs’ *Genetrics Multi-Center Study Group. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci 2013. 54(8):5829-5835.

Kosker M, Suri K, Duman F, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Rapuano CJ.  Long-Tern outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty and Descemet stripping endothelial keratoplasty for Fuchs’ endothelial dystrophy: fellow eye comparison.  Cornea 2013.  32(8): 1083-1088.

Duman F, Kosker M, Suri K, Reddy JC, Ma JF, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Rapuano CJ. Indications and Outcomes of corneal transplantation in geriatric patients.  Am J Ophthalm 2013. 156(3):600-607.

Suri K, Kosker M, Raber IM, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Ayres BD, Halfpenny MD, Rapuano CJ.  Sutureless Amniotic Membrane ProKera for Ocular Surface Disorders: Short Term Results.  Eye Contact Lens 2013. 39(5):341-347.

Suri K, Kosker M, Duman F, Rapuano CJ, Nagra PK, Hammersmith KM.  Demographic Patterns and Treatment Outcomes of Patients with Recurrent Corneal Erosions Related to Trauma and Epithelial and Bowman Layer Disorders. Am J Ophthalmology. 2013 Dec;156(6):1082-1087

Cheng CY, Schache M, Ikram MK, et all. ; Ninea Loci For Ocular Axial Length Identified Through Genome-wide Association Studies, Including Shared Loci With Refractive Error; Group. Fuchs' Genetics Multi-Center Study Group. Am J Hum Genet. 2013 Aug 8;93(2):264-77.

Ganesh A, Khalighi M, Hammersmith K, Levin AV. Spontaneously resolving macular cyst in an infant. Oman J Ophthalmol. 2013 Sep;6(3):203-5

Nottage JM, Hammersmith KM, Murchison AP, Felipe AF, Penne R, Raber I.  Treatment of mucous membrane pemphigoid with mycophenolate mofotil.  Cornea 2013. 32(6):810-815.

2012

Yildiz EH, Airiani S, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, Virdi AS, Hongyok T, Cohen EJ. Trends in contact–lens related corneal ulcers at a tertiary referral center.  Cornea 2012 31(10):1097-1102

Felipe AF, Abazari A, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Nagra PK, Peiro BM. Corneal changes in ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft lip and palate syndrome: case series and literature review.  International Ophthalm. 2012. 32(5):475-480

Felipe AF, Abazari A, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Nagra PK, Peiro BM. Corneal changes in extrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-cleft lip and palate syndrome: case series and literature review.  Int Ophthalm 2012. 32(5):475-480.

Suri K, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK, Corneal collagen cross-linking: ectasia and beyond.  Current Opinion in Ophthalmology 2012. Jul 23(4):280-287.

Louttit MD, Koppkin LJ, Igo RP, Fondran JR, Tagliaferri A, Bardenstein D, Aldave AJ, Croasdale CR, Price MO, Rossenwasser GO, Lass JH, Iyengar SK, FECD Genetics MultiCenter Study Group.  Hammersmith KM Site Investigator for Wills Eye Institute.  A multicenter study to map genes for Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy: baseline characteristics and heritability.  Cornea 2012 31(1):25-35.

Suri K, Hammersmith KM, Nagra PK. Corneal Collagen Cross Linking: Ectasia and Beyond. Curr. Opin. Ophthalmpl. 2012. 23(4):280-287.

Kopplin LJ, Przepyszny L, Schmotze B, Rudo K, Babineau DC, Patel SV, Verdier DD, Jurkunas U, Iyengar SK, Lass JH, Fuchs’ Endothelial Corneal Dystrophy Genetics MultiCenter Study Group. (K M Hammersmith MD Wills Eye Site Principal Investigator). Arch. Ophthalmology 2012 130(4):433-439.

Yildiz EH, Airiani S, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PL, Virdi AS, Hongyok T, Cohen EJ. Trends in Contact Lens-Related Corneal Ulcers at a Tertiary Referral Center. Cornea 2012 31(10):1097-1102.

2011

Turaka K, Penne RB, Rapuano CJ, Ayres BD, Abazari A, Eagle RC Jr, Hammersmith KM. Giant Fornix Syndrome: A case series  Ophthal Plast Reconstruction Surg. 2011 28(1):4-6.

Turaka K, Rapuano CJ, Eagle RC, Abazari A, Hammersmith KM. Macrostriae and Descemet’s membrane folds in the Descemet’s stripping endothelial keratoplasty graft.  Oman J Ophthalmol. 2011 4(2):90-91.

Chew HF, Yildiz EH, Hammersmith KM, Eagle RC Jr, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, Ayres BD, Jin YP, Cohen EJ. Clinical outcomes and prognostic factors associated with Acanthamoeba keratitis. Cornea 2011 30(4):435-41.

Keay LJ, Gower, EW, Iovieno A, Oeschler RA, Alfonso EC, Matoba A, Colby K, Tuli SS, Hammersmith K, Cavanaugh D, Lee SM, Irvine J, Stulting RD, Mauger TF, Schein OD.  Clinical and microbiological characteristics of fungal keratitis in the United States, 2001-2007: a multicenter study.  Ophthalmology 2011. 118(5):920-6

Chew HF, Yildiz EH, Hammersmith KM, Eagle EC Jr., Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, Ayres BD, Jin YP, Cohen EJ. Clinical Outcomes and prognostic factors associated with Acanthamoeba keratitis. Cornea  2011 30(4):435-41.

Ghaznawi N, Virdi A, Dayan A, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, Cohen EJ. Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus: Comparison of Disease in Patients 60 Years and Older Versus Younger than 60 years. Ophthalmology 2011. 118(11):2242-50.

2010

Abdalla YF, ElSahn AF, Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ. SynergEyes lenses for keratoconus. Cornea 2010.  29(1):5-8.

Yildiz EH, Hoskins E, Fram N, Rapuano CJ, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Cohen EJ. Third or greater penetrating keratoplasties: Indications, survival and visual outcomes.  Cornea 2010. Mar (3):254-9.

Yildiz EH, Cohen EJ, Virdi AS, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Rapuano CJ.  Quality of Life in Keratoconus Patients after Penetrating Keratoplasty.  Am J Ophthmol. 2010 149(3):416-422.e1-2.

ElSahn AF, Yildiz EH, Jungkind DL, Abdalla YF, Erdurmus M, Cremona FA, Rapuano CJ, Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ.  In vitro susceptibility patterns of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative Staphylococcus corneal isolates to antibiotics. Cornea 2010. 29(10):1131-5.

Yildiz EH, Abdalla YF, Rapuano CJ, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Cohen EJ. Update on fungal keratitis from 1999-2008. Cornea 2010. 29(12):1406-11.

Lee BS, Virdi AS, Hammersmith KM, Jun AS. Guttae in the donor after Descemet’s stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty. Graefes Arch Clin. Exp Ophthalmol. 2010 248(10):1523-1525.

Yildiz EH, Alaini H, Hammersmith KM, Eagle EC Jr, Rapuano CJ, Cohen EJ.  Alternaria and paecilolmyces keratitis associated with soft contact lens wear.  Cornea 2010. 29(5):564-8.

Abdulla YF, Elsahn AF, Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ.  Synergeyes Lenses for Keratoconus.  Cornea 2010. Jan 29(1):5-8

2009

Erdurmus M, Yildiz EH, Abdulla LYF, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Cohen EJ.  Contact lens related quality of life in patients with keratoconus.  Eye Contact Lens 2009;35(3)123-7

Erdurmus M, Cohen EJ, Yildiz EH, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Varssano D, Rapuano CJ.  Steroid-induced intraocular pressure elevation or glaucoma after a penetrating keratoplasty in patients with keratoconus or Fuchs dystrophy.  Cornea 2009. 28(7):759-764.

Cremona FA, Ghosheh FR, Rapuano CJ, Eagle RC Jr, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Ayres BD, Cohen EJ. Keratoconus associated with other corneal dystrophies.  Cornea. 2009 28(2):127-135.

Yildiz EH, Erdurus M, Hammersmith K, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, and Cohen EJ.  Comparative study of graft rejection in keratoconus patients with and without self-reported atopy. Cornea. 2009 28(8):846-850

Chew HF, Erdurmus M, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, Myers JS, Jin YP, Cohen EJ.  Boston Keratoprosthesis Outcomes and Complications.  Cornea 2009 28(9):989-996.

Yildiz EH, Diehl GF, Cohen EJ, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Rapuano CJ.  Demographics of patients older than 50 years with keratoconus.  Eye Contact Lens. 2009. 35(6):309-311.

Ewald M, Hammersmith KM. Review of diagnosis and management of recurrent erosion syndrome. Curr Opin Ophthalmol 2009. 20(4):287-91.

2008

Ozbek Z, Cohen EJ, Komatsu FT, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Rapuano CJ.  Graft Rejection Risk and Incidence after Bilateral Penetrating Keratoplasty.  Eye Contact Lens 2008 34(3): 174-178

Levinson B, Rapuano CJ, Cohen EJ, Hammersmith KM, Ayres BD, Laibson PR. Referrals to the Wills Eye Institute Cornea Service after Laser In-situ Keratomileusis : Reasons for Dissatisfaction.  Journal of Cataract and Refractive Surgery 2008.  34(1): 32-39.

Ghosheh FR, Cremona F, Ayres BD, Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ, Raber IM, Laibson PR, Rapuano CJ. Indication for penetrating keratoplasty and associated procedures, 2001-2005  Eye Contact Lens. 2008. 34(4):211-4

Ghosheh FR, Cremona FA, Rapuano CJ, Cohen EJ, Ayres BD, Hammersmith KM, Raber IM, Laibson PR. Trends in penetrating keratoplasty in the United States 1980-2005 Int Ophthalmol 2008.  28(3):147-153.

2007

Thebpatiphat N, Hammersmith KM, Rocha FN, Rapuano CJ, Ayres BD, Laibson PR, Eagle RC, Cohen EJ. Acanthamoeba keratitis: A parasite on the rise Cornea 2007 July. 26(6):701-706.

Bunya V, Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ, Rapuano CJ, Ayres BD, Laibson PR: Topical and Oral Voriconazole in the Treatment of Fungal Keratitis. Am J Ophthalmology 2007. 143:151-153.

Rezende RA, Bisol T, Hammersmith KM, Hofling-Lima AL, Webster GF, Freitas JF, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, Cohen EJ. Epithelial herpetic simplex keratitis recurrence and graft survival after corneal transplantation in patients with and without atopy. AM J Ophthalm. 2007 Apr; 143(4):623-8.

Thebpatiphat N, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Ayres BD, Cohen EJ. Cataract surgery in keratoconus. Eye & Contact Lens 2007. 33(5):244-246.

Gorscak JJ, Ayres BD, Bhagat N, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Cohen EJ, Burday M, Mirani N, Jungkind D, Chu DS. An Outbreak of Fusarium Keratitis Associated with Contact Lens Use in Northeastern United States. Cornea 2007. 26(10)1187-1194.

Bunya VY, Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ, Rapuano CJ, Ayres BD, Laibson PR. Topical and oral voriconazole in the treatment of fungal keratitis.  Am J  Ophthalmology. 2007; 143:151-153.

Ghosheh FR, Ehlers JP, Ayres BD, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Cohen EJ.  Corneal Ulcers Associated with Aerosolized Crack Cocaine Use.  Cornea  2007. 26(8): 966-969.

2006

Nagra PK, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, Cohen EJ. Wound dehiscence after penetrating keratoplasty. Cornea 2006;25:132-135

Ozbek Z, Kang S, Sivalingam J, Rapuano CJ, Cohen EJ, Hammersmith KM. Voriconazole in the Management of Alternaria Keratitis. Cornea 2006;25:242.

Ozbek Z, Cohen EJ, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ. Dynamic Contour Tonometry: A New Way to Assess Intraocular Pressure in Ectatic Corneas. Cornea  2006. 25:89-894.

Ayres BD, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Rapuano CJ. Phototherapeutic keratectomy with intraoperative mitomycin C to prevent recurrent anterior corneal pathology.  Am J Ophthalmol. 2006. 142(3):490-2.

Rezende RA, Hammersmith KM, Bisol T, Lima ALH, Webster GF, Freitas JF, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR, and Cohen EJ. Comparative study of ocular HSV in patients with and without self-reported atopy. Am J Ophthalm.2006; 141:1120-1125.

Rezende RA, Bisol T, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Lima ALH, Webster GF, Freitas JF, Laibson PR, Cohen EJ. Efficacy of oral antiviral prophylaxis in preventing ocular herpes simplex virus recurrences in patients with and without self-reported atopy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006;142:563-567.

Patel SR, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ, Cohen EJ.  Exophialia dermatitidis keratitis after laser in situ keratomileusis  J Cataract Refract Surg. 2006 Apr;32(4):681-4.

2005

Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ, Blake TM, Laibson PR, Rapuano CJ.  Blepharokeratoconjunctivitis in Children.  Arch Ophthalmol. 2005. 123(12):1667-1670.

Tzelikis PF, Laibson PR, Ribeiro MP, Rapuano CJ, Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ.  Ocular copper deposition associated with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance:  Case Report. Arq Bras Oftalmol. 2005, Jul-Aug; 68(4):539-41.

Tzelikis PF, Rapuano CJ, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR, Cohen EJ. Diamond burr treatment of poor vision from anterior basement membrane dystrophy.  Am J Ophthalm. 2005 Aug; 140(2):308-10

Tzelikis PF, Cohen EJ, Rapuano CJ, Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR.  Management of pellucid marginal corneal degeneration.  Cornea 2005, Jul; 24(5):555-560.

2004

Hammersmith KM, Cohen EJ, Rapuano CJ, Laibson PR:  Creutzfelt Jakob Disease following corneal transplantation.  Cornea  2004;23:406-406.

Books

Chapters

2016

Hammersmith KM, Rezende RA, Cohen EJ, Eagle RC, Rapuano, CJ:  Congenital Corneal Opacities: Diagnosis and Management. In Mannis MJ, Holland EJ (eds.): Cornea 4th edition. Philadelphia: Mosby Elsevier, 2016.

2006

Bunya VY, Rapuano CJ,  Hammersmith KM.  In Dry Eye: A Practical Guide to Ocular Surface Disorders and Stem Cell Surgery.  Chapter 9-Chemical Burns and Dry eye; Ed. Amar Agarwal, MS, FRCS, FRCOphth., Chennai, India; 2006 by Slack Incorporated, Publishers, Thorofare NJ.

Panday VA, Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ: Ocular Cicatricial Pemphigoid and Dry Eye Syndrome.  In Agarwal A (ed):Dry Eye A Practical Guide to Ocular Surface Disorders and Stem Cell Surgery.  Thorofare, NJ: SLACK, Inc, 2006.

Hammersmith KM.  The Evolution of Endothelial Replacement.  In Rapuano CJ (ed) Yearbook of Ophthalmology 2006 Philadelphia:  Mosby, 2006.

2005

Hammersmith KM, Rapuano CJ.  Retrocorneal Fibrous Membranes  In Krachmer JH, Mannis MJ, Holland EJ (eds): Cornea 2nd Edition.  Philadelphia :  Elsevier Mosby, 2005.

Hammersmith KM.  Ocular Vaccinia.  In Rapuano CJ (ed) Yearbook of Ophthalmology 2005 Philadelphia:  Mosby 2005.

2004

Hammersmith KM.  Clinical Atlas of Procedures in Ophthalmic Surgery Chapter on Superficial keratectomy. Chicago, IL: AMA Press, 2004.

Hammersmith KM.  Prions and Ophthalmic Surgery.  In Rapuano CJ (ed) Yearbook of Ophthalmology 2004 Philadelphia:  Mosby, 2004.

Hammersmith KM, Laibson PR.  Schnyder’s Crystalline Dystrophy.  In Fraunfelder FT,  Roy FH (eds).  Current Ocular Therapy 6, Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2004.

2002

Matelis KH, Congdon NG.  Traumatic Glaucoma. In Ocular Trauma Eds Kuhn F and Pieramici D. Thieme Publishers.  New York, New York, 2002.

Posters and Presentations

2017

Fernandez K, Ying G-S, Masssaro-Giordano G, Orlin S, Sulewski M, Macchi I, Hammersmith K, Nagra P, Rapuano C, Bunya V. A Survey of Dry Eye Practice Patterns. Poster at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, 5/9/17.

Siu S, Rapuano CJ, Nagra PK, Hammersmith KM. Acanthamoeba Keratitis: Are Recent Infections More Severe? Poster at the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD, 5/10/17.

Invited Lectures

2017

Hammersmith K. Women of Wilmer Symposium, Baltimore, Maryland May 18, 2017

Hammersmith K. Dry Eye Disease: Evaluation and Management. Wills Eye Annual Conference Technician Program. March 2017.

Awards and Honors

2011-2017, Castle Connolly Top Doctor
2009, American Academy of Ophthalmology Achievement Award, Philadelphia Magazine’s Best Physicians Under 40
2003, Elizabeth Greenfield Petrie Clinical Fellow
2001, National Eye Institute Travel Award
1998, Smith Kline Beecham Award for Outstanding Senior Medical Student
1998, Herbert Hart Pomerance Award for Outstanding Senior Medical Student in Pediatrics
1998, Lange Medical Publications Award for Outstanding Achievement
1998, Janet Glascow Memorial Citation
1997, Alpha Omega Alpha, vice-president
1997, Lange Medical Publications Award for Outstanding Achievement

Leadership and Memberships

Memberships in Professional Organizations

American Academy of Ophthalmology
Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
The Cornea Society