Olivia Nelson, MD

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Olivia Nelson, MD, is Clinical Director of the Fetal Anesthesia Team and an attending anesthesiologist at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.

Areas of Expertise: Special deliveries unit, Fetal surgery, Craniofacial surgery
Locations: Main Hospital
Appointments and Referrals: 1-800-TRY-CHOP (1-800-879-2467)

Education and Training

Medical School

MD - Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY


Anesthesiology - Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA


Anesthesiology - Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA


Pediatric Anesthesiology - Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

Board Certification

Anesthesiology – American Board of Anesthesiology
Pediatric Anesthesiology – American Board of Anesthesiology

Titles and Academic Titles


Clinical Director, Fetal Anesthesia Team

Instructor of Anesthesiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Departments and Services

Research Interests

Neonatal pain

Fetal surgery




Lin EE, Nelson O, Isserman RS, Henderson AA, Rintoul NE, Lioy J, Javia LR, Tran KM, Fiadjoe JE. Management of neonatal difficult airway emergencies in the delivery room. Paediatr Anaesth. 2020;30(5):544-551. doi:10.1111/pan.13859

Fetal Anesthesia: Intrauterine Therapies and Immediate Postnatal Anesthesia for Noncardiac Surgical Interventions. Nelson O, Simpao AF, Tran KM, Lin EE. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2020 Jun;33(3):368-373. doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000862. Read more here.


Nelson O, Bailey Jr PD. Pediatric anesthesia considerations for interventional radiology. Anesthesiol Clin. 2017 Dec; 35 (4): 701-714.

Isserman RS, Nelson O, Tran KM, Cai L, Polansky M, Rosenbloom JM, Goebel TK, Lin EE. Risk factors for perioperative mortality and transfusion in sacrococcygeal teratoma resections. Paediatr Anaesth. 2017 Jul; 27(7): 726-732.


Nelson O, Quinn TD, Arriaga AF, Hepner DL, Lipsitz SR, Cooper Z, Gawande AA, Bader AM. A model for better leveraging the point of preoperative assessment: patients and providers look beyond operative indications when making decisions. A A Case Rep. 2016 Apr 15; 6(8): 241-8.


Nelson O, Quinn TD, Arriaga AF, Hepner DL, Correll DJ, Finlayson SR, Zinner MJ, Gawande A, Bader AM. Leveraging the point of preoperative assessment to ensure delivery of appropriate surgical care. J Surg Res. 2013 Feb; 179 (2): 288.

Bader AM, Arriaga AF, Hu YY, Peyre S, Roth E, Corso K, Nelson O, Lekowski R, Lipsitz L, Greenberg C. War Stories: Feasibility of using video to capture ACGME core competency teaching points in the operating room. American Society of Anesthesiologists 2013 Annual Meeting, October 15, 2013.


Leyvi G, Nelson O, Yedlin A, Pasamba M, Belamarich PF, Nair S, Cohen HW. A comparison of the effect of aprotinin and aminocaproic acid on renal function in children undergoing cardiac surgery. J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth. 2011 Jun; 25(3): 402-6.

Posters and Presentations


Nelson O, Schwartz AJ, Galvez JA. Just in time training for medical trainees learning to intubate children. Poster presented at: 1st CHOP Educational Symposium; January 24th, 2018; Philadelphia, PA.


Nelson O, Willie CA, Lin EE. Fetal anesthetic management for resection of an intrapericardial teratoma. Poster presented at: Society for Pediatric Anesthesiology Annual Meeting; March 4th, 2017; Austin, TX.

Awards and Honors

2010, Dean's Recognition Award, Albert Einstein College of Medicine

Leadership and Memberships

Memberships in Professional Organizations

2016-present, Society for Pediatric Anesthesia

2015-present, Society for Obstetric Anesthesia and Perinatology

2010-present, American Society of Anesthesiologists