Chitra Ravishankar, MD Chitra Ravishankar, MD, is a board-certified attending cardiologist in the Cardiac Center at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia with expertise in heart and heart/lung transplantation. Locations: Main Campus Phone: 215-590-4040 Education and Training Medical SchoolUniversity of Bombay, Bombay, India InternshipSeth G.S. Medical College, Bombay, India ResidencySeth G.S. Medical College, Bombay, India Hospital for Sick Children, Great Ormond Street, London, England Schneider Children's Hospital, New Hyde Park, NY FellowshipCardiology - Birmingham Children's Hospital, Birmingham, England Pediatric Cardiology - The Mount Sinai Medical Center, New York, NY Cardiac Intensive Care and Thoracic Organ Transplantation - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA Board CertificationAmerican Board of PediatricsAmerican Board of Pediatrics/Pediatric Cardiology Titles and Academic Titles Attending CardiologistStaff Cardiologist, Cardiac Intensive Care UnitAssociate Director, Cardiology Fellowship Training ProgramAssistant Professor of Pediatrics, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania Departments and Services Cardiac Center Heart Failure and Transplant Program Infant Single Ventricle Monitoring ProgramHeart/Lung Transplant Program22q and You CenterCenter for Lymphatic Imaging and Interventions Research Interests Assessment of cardiac output after surgery for congenital heart disease Mechanical circulatory support in children (ECMO and VAD) Nutrition in children with heart defects Evaluation of risk factors for heart transplantation in the current era Publications Papers2010 Ballweg JA, Dominguez TE, Tabbutt S, Rome JJ, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Ravishankar C. Reintervention for arch obstruction after stage 1 reconstruction does not adversely affect survival or outcome at Fontan completion. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Sep;140(3):545-9. Read abstract. Ballweg JA, Dominguez TE, Ravishankar C, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Tabbutt S. A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at Fontan completion. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2010 Sep;140(3):537-44. Read abstract. Hsu DT, Zak V, Mahony L, Sleeper LA, Atz AM, Levine JC, Barker PC, Ravishankar C, McCrindle BW, Williams RV, Altmann K, Ghanayem NS, Margossian R, Chung WK, Border WL, Pearson GD, Stylianou MP, Mital S; for the Pediatric Heart Network Investigators. Enalapril in Infants With Single Ventricle. Results of a Multicenter Randomized Trial. Circulation. 2010 Jul 12. [Epub ahead of print]. Read abstract O'Connor MJ, Menteer J, Chrisant MR, Monos D, Lind C, Levine S, Gaynor JW, Hanna BD, Paridon SM, Ravishankar C, Kaufman BD. Ventricular assist device-associated anti-human leukocyte antigen antibody sensitization in pediatric patients bridged to heart transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2010 Jan;29(1):109-16. Read abstract Ghodasr O'Connor MJ, Menteer J, Chrisant MR, Monos D, Lind C, Levine S, Gaynor JW, Hanna BD, Paridon SM, Ravishankar C, Kaufman BD. Ventricular assist device-associated anti-human leukocyte antigen antibody sensitization in pediatric patients bridged to heart transplantation. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2010 Jan;29(1):109-16. Read abstract 2008 Hehir DA, Dominguez TE, Ballweg JA, Ravishankar C, Marino BS, Bird GL, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Gaynor JW, Tabbutt S. Risk factors for interstage death after stage 1 reconstruction of hypoplastic left heart syndrome and variants. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2008 Jul;136(1):94-9, 99.e1-3. Epub 2008 May 22. Read abstract. Dorfman AT, Marino BS, Wernovsky G, Tabbutt S, Ravishankar C, Godinez RI, Priestley M, Dodds KM, Rychik J, Gruber PJ, Gaynor JW, Levy RJ, Nicolson SC,Montenegro LM, Spray TL, Dominguez TE. Critical heart disease in the neonate: presentation and outcome at a tertiary care center. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2008 Mar;9(2):193-202. PMID: 18477933 Read abstract Kaufman BD, Nagle ML, Levine SR, Vijaynathan N, Hanna BD, Paridon S, Ravishankar C, Chrisant MK. Too fat or too thin? Body habitus assessment in children listed for heart transplant and impact on outcome. J Heart Lung Transplant. 2008 May;27(5):508-13. PMID: 18442716 Read abstract Schultz AH, Localio AR, Clark BJ, Ravishankar C, Videon N, Kimmel SE. Epidemiologic features of the presentation of critical congenital heart disease: implications for screening. Pediatrics. 2008 Apr;121(4):751-7. PMID: 18381540 Read abstract 2007 Tabbutt S, Ravishankar C. Update on randomized clinical trials impacting clinical care in pediatric cardiac intensive care. Congenit Heart Dis. 2007 Mar;2(2):104-9. PMID: 18377485 Read abstract Wernovsky G, Kuijpers M, Van Rossem MC, Marino BS, Ravishankar C, Dominguez T, Godinez RI, Dodds KM, Ittenbach RF, Nicolson SC, Bird GL, Gaynor JW, Spray TL, Tabbutt S. Postoperative course in the cardiac intensive care unit following the first stage of Norwood reconstruction. Cardiol Young. 2007 Dec;17(6):652-65. Epub 2007 Nov 7. PMID: 17986364 Read abstract Ballweg JA, Dominguez TE, Ravishankar C, Kreutzer J, Marino BS, Bird GL, Gruber PJ, Wernovsky G, Gaynor JW, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Tabbutt S. A contemporary comparison of the effect of shunt type in hypoplastic left heart syndrome on the hemodynamics and outcome at stage 2 reconstruction. J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg. 2007 Aug;134(2):297-303. PMID: 17662765 Read abstract 2006 Davis JA, Ravishankar C, Shah MJ. Multiple cardiac arrhythmias in a previously healthy child: a case of accidental digitalis intoxication? Pediatr Emerg Care. 2006 Jun;22(6):430-4. PMID: 16801845 Read abstract Gillespie M, Kuijpers M, Van Rossem M, Ravishankar C, Gaynor JW, Spray T,Clark B 3rd. Determinants of intensive care unit length of stay for infants undergoing cardiac surgery. Congenit Heart Dis. 2006 Jul;1(4):152-60. PMID: 18377540 Read abstract Ravishankar C, Dominguez TE, Kreutzer J, Wernovsky G, Marino BS, Godinez R, Priestley MA, Gruber PJ, Gaynor WJ, Nicolson SC, Spray TL, Tabbutt S. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation after stage I reconstruction for hypoplastic left heart syndrome. Pediatr Crit Care Med. 2006 Jul;7(4):319-23. PMID: 16738497 Read abstract Ravishankar C, Gaynor JW. Mechanical support of the functionally single ventricle. Cardiol Young. 2006 Feb;16 Suppl 1:55-60. Review. No abstract available. PMID: 16401364 Read abstract Nielsen JC, Seiden HS, Nguyen K, Vlahakis SA, Ravishankar C. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for pneumonitis after a Glenn palliation. Perfusion 2002 Nov;17(6):457-8. Lai WW, Ravishankar C, Gross RP, Kamenir SA, Lopez L, Nguyen KH, Griepp RB, Parness IA. Juxtaposition of the atrial appendages: a clinical series of 22 patients. AbstractsRavishankar C, Rossi AF, Nguyen KH, Gross RP, Seiden HS. Oxygen transport in children after open heart surgery. Crit Care Med 1999; 27(1):A97. Moderated poster presented at the Meeting of the Society of Critical Care Medicine, San Francisco, Calif., 1999. Ravishankar C, Bridges ND, Clark III BJ, Spray TL. Outcome of children listed for orthotopic heart transplantation - a single center experience. Moderated poster presentation at the Third World Congress of Pediatric Cardiology and Cardiac Surgery, Toronto, Canada, 2001. Nafday S, Ravishankar C, Green RS, Kamenir SA, Lorber R, Stacewicz-Sapuntzakis M, Bridges ND, Holzman IR, Gelb BD. A trial of vitamin A therapy to facilitate ductal closure in premature infants. Ped Res 2002; 51(4):386A. Presented at the Pediatric Academic Societies Annual Meeting, Maryland, 2002. Patient Experience Ratings About the Patient Experience Rating System The Patient Experience Rating is an average of all responses to the care provider related questions shown below from our nationally-recognized Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Patients that are treated in outpatient or hospital environments may receive different surveys, and the volume of responses will vary by question. Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the best score. The comments are submitted by patients and families and reflect their views and opinions. The comments are not endorsed by and do not reflect the views of Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.