Keith D. Baldwin, MD, MPH, MSPT

male silhouette icon
Keith D. Baldwin, MD, MPH, MSPT, is the Director of Orthopaedic Trauma and an attending pediatric orthopaedic surgeon at Children's Hospital of Philadelphia with a focus on treating spine conditions and scoliosis, orthopaedic trauma, and cerebral palsy.

Areas of Expertise: Spine conditions, Scoliosis, Orthopedic trauma, Fractures, Cerebral palsy, Pediatric orthopaedic surgery
Locations: Buerger Center for Advanced Pediatric Care; Specialty Care & Surgery Center, Brandywine Valley; Specialty Care, Virtua; Middleman Family Pavilion; Specialty Care, Atlantic County

Appointments, Referrals and Video Visits: 215-590-1527


Keith Baldwin, MD, MSPT, MPH, is an orthopaedic surgeon who specializes in the treatment of traumatic, spinal conditions, and cerebral palsy in children. From a young age, Dr. Baldwin knew he was intrigued by the musculoskeletal system. Following college, he pursued this passion at Widener University with a degree in Physical Therapy, a career which he enjoyed thoroughly with its direct patient contact and emphasis on function.

While working as a physical therapist, Dr. Baldwin decided to pursue a career in medicine, to be able to offer his patients a wider spectrum of options to manage their musculoskeletal problems, as well as reach a broader population. In medical school Dr. Baldwin pursued an MPH which focused on biostatistics. This allowed him to broaden his scope even further, and to assess critically, and promote and produce research which drives the field forward to assess which treatments best benefit patients and which ones do not.

While in residency, Dr. Baldwin became interested in traumatic disorders and scoliosis, along with neuromuscular deformities. After completing his residency at the University of Pennsylvania, he continued at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, where his fellowship training focused on the treatment of scoliosis and trauma.

Currently Dr. Baldwin focuses his practice on patients with spinal deformity, traumatic injuries, and surgical treatment of cerebral palsy. "My goal is to provide the patient with the best chance not to need surgery, and if they do ultimately require surgery, I want to provide the safest possible care, with gold standard treatments, and strive for the best personalized patient experience for the patient and their family" says Dr. Baldwin.

Dr. Baldwin has treated patients at CHOP since 2011. During that time, he served as the Director of Clinical Research, and currently serves as the Director of Orthopedic Trauma, Clinical Outcomes Committee representative, and current hospital Safety Officer for the Department of Orthopedic Surgery.

He has authored over 200 peer reviewed papers, and numerous prestigious book chapters. He was awarded a grant from the Scoliosis Research Society to continue his research on non-operative care of scoliosis, and has authored numerous publications on safety in pediatric spine surgery.

Dr Baldwin serves on the review board of multiple distinguished journals, including Spine Deformity, the Journal of Orthopedic Trauma, and The Journal of Children's Orthopedics, and is an associate editor of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery Reviews. He also works closely with multiple national study groups concerned with the study of scoliosis and injuries in children.

Dr. Baldwin has been an invited speaker at national and international meetings. He is the past president of the Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Association and Health Policy Director of that organization. He has given numerous presentations at the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), Orthopaedic Trauma Association (OTA), Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America (POSNA), American Association of Pediatrics (AAP), Scoliosis Research Society (SRS), and Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Association (ORA). Dr. Baldwin has served as representative to the National Orthopaedic Leadership Council in Washington, D.C., to lobby lawmakers for the interests of pediatric orthopaedic patients across the country.

Locally, Dr. Baldwin has been recognized by multiple outlets for excellence in the field of pediatric orthopaedic care as well as the care of scoliosis, trauma and cerebral palsy. Dr. Baldwin has won multiple "Top Doc" awards from outlets like Philadelphia Magazine, NJ Family and most recently NJ Monthly. For an appointment or a second opinion, please contact our orthopaedic nurse navigator.

CHOP and Penn collaborate to offer one of the only transitional programs for children with cerebral palsy in the country. “It is ideal to continue to care for the same children under your care as a child and continue to have the ability to see them as needed when they are adults" says Dr. Baldwin. "I am honored to help transition these patients and help them with their continued orthopaedic surgical needs, in concert with Penn physical medicine and rehabilitation which provide non-surgical care to these patients transitioning to adulthood." 

Dr. Baldwin's areas of interest include:

  • Idiopathic and neuromuscular scoliosis
  • Simple and complex fracture and injury care
  • Spinal deformity due to Rett Syndrome
  • Spinal deformity, hip displacement, gait abnormalities due to cerebral palsy
  • Spinal deformity and hip displacement due to leukodystrophy
  • Spinal deformity due to muscular dystrophy
  • Spinal deformity due to spinal muscular atrophy
  • Gait abnormalities due to cerebrovascular accident (stroke)
  • Gait abnormalities hereditary spastic paraparesis
  • Orthopedic sequelae of traumatic brain injury

Dr. Baldwin has lived in the New Jersey area for more than 25 years in central and southern New Jersey. When not caring for children with spinal deformty, traumatic conditions and cerebral palsy, Dr. Baldwin enjoys cooking, exercising and spending time with his own children.

Education and Training

Medical School

MD - University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson School of Medicine, New Brunswick, NJ


General and Orthopaedic Surgery - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA


Orthopaedic Surgery - University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA


Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery - Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

Undergraduate Degree

BS in Nutrition - University of Rhode Island, Kingston, RI

Graduate Degree

MS in Physical Therapy (MSPT) - Widener University, Chester, PA
MPH - University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, School of Public Health, New Brunswick, NJ

Titles and Academic Titles

Attending Surgeon

Director of Orthopedic Trauma

Safety Officer, Department of Orthopedic Surgery

Associate Professor of Orthopaedic Surgery, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Conditions Treated

Departments and Services




Does nutrition consultation in the year leading up to neuromuscular scoliosis surgery result in significant weight gain, or just a larger magnitude curve? Meltzer-Bruhn AT, Landrum MR, Spiegel DA, Cahill PJ, Anari JB, Baldwin KD.Spine Deform. 2021 Aug 24. doi: 10.1007/s43390-021-00401-8. Online ahead of print.PMID: 34427892

Entire-spine Magnetic Resonance Imaging Findings and Costs in Children With Presumed Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Johnson MA, Gohel S, Mitchell SL, Flynn JJM, Baldwin KD.J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 Aug 19. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001943. Online ahead of print.PMID: 34411047

Management of Salter-Harris II distal femur fractures - what is the state of practice? A survey of Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America membership. Weltsch D, Williams BA, Gohel S, Ganley TJ, Baldwin KD.J Pediatr Orthop B. 2021 Aug 17. doi: 10.1097/BPB.0000000000000903. Online ahead of print.PMID: 34406162

Risk of Scoliosis Progression in Nonoperatively Treated Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Based on Skeletal Maturity. Johnson MA, Flynn JM, Anari JB, Gohel S, Cahill PJ, Winell JJ, Baldwin KD.J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 Oct 1;41(9):543-548. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001929.PMID: 34354032

Intramedullary Ulnar Fixation for the Treatment of Monteggia Fracture. Riccio AI, Blumberg TJ, Baldwin KD, Schoenecker JG.JBJS Essent Surg Tech. 2021 Apr 19;11(2):e19.00076. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.ST.19.00076. eCollection 2021 Apr-Jun.PMID: 34277136 Free PMC article.

Does intraoperative CT navigation increase the accuracy of pedicle screw placement in pediatric spinal deformity surgery? A systematic review and meta-analysis. Baldwin KD, Kadiyala M, Talwar D, Sankar WN, Flynn JJM, Anari JB.Spine Deform. 2021 Jul 12. doi: 10.1007/s43390-021-00385-5. Online ahead of print.PMID: 34251607 Review.

Complications, Reoperations, and Mid-Term Outcomes Following Anterior Vertebral Body Tethering Versus Posterior Spinal Fusion: A Meta-Analysis. Shin M, Arguelles GR, Cahill PJ, Flynn JM, Baldwin KD, Anari JB.JB JS Open Access. 2021 Jun 23;6(2):e21.00002. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.OA.21.00002. eCollection 2021 Apr-Jun.PMID: 34179678 Free PMC article.

Predictors of Success in an Orthopaedic Residency. Horan DP, Baldwin K, Purtill JJ, Namdari S.JBJS Rev. 2021 Jun 14;9(6). doi: 10.2106/JBJS.RVW.20.00180.PMID: 34125721

The Variability of Pelvic Obliquity Measurements in Patients with Neuromuscular Scoliosis. Karkenny AJ, Magee LC, Landrum MR, Anari JB, Spiegel D, Baldwin K.JB JS Open Access. 2021 Mar 10;6(1):e20.00143. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.OA.20.00143. eCollection 2021 Jan-Mar.PMID: 33748643 Free PMC article.

Seasonal variability and age-related risk in youth trampoline injuries. Williams BA, Harwood K, Markiewitz N, Malige A, Baldwin KD, Wells L.Pediatr Int. 2021 Feb 10. doi: 10.1111/ped.14652. Online ahead of print.PMID: 33567121

Sinister! The high pre-op left shoulder is less likely to be radiographically balanced at 2 years post-op. Bram JT, Mehta N, Flynn JM, Anari JB, Baldwin KD, Yaszay B, Pahys JM; Harms Study Group, Cahill PJ.Spine Deform. 2021 Mar;9(2):451-460. doi: 10.1007/s43390-020-00236-9. Epub 2020 Nov 17.PMID: 33201494

The Majority of Patient-reported Outcome Measures in Pediatric Orthopaedic Research Are Used Without Validation. Arguelles GR, Shin M, Lebrun DG, Kocher MS, Baldwin KD, Patel NM.J Pediatr Orthop. 2021 Jan;41(1):e74-e79. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001659.PMID: 32804862


Closed Reduction of Pediatric Distal Radial Fractures and Epiphyseal Separations. Gohel S, Baldwin KD, Hill JF.JBJS Essent Surg Tech. 2020 Nov 19;10(4):e19.00059. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.ST.19.00059. eCollection 2020 Oct-Dec.PMID: 34055473 Free PMC article.

Misclassification of Case-Control Studies in the Orthopedic Literature Is Common: A Bibliometric Analysis. LeBrun DG, Bido J, Kocher MS, Baldwin KD, Fabricant PD.HSS J. 2020 Dec;16(Suppl 2):366-371. doi: 10.1007/s11420-020-09753-9. Epub 2020 Mar 30.PMID: 33380969

American football is the youth sporting activity most commonly associated with acute vertebral fractures. Pirruccio K, Selemon NA, Ahn J, Cahill PJ, Baldwin KD.Phys Sportsmed. 2021 Sep;49(3):348-354. doi: 10.1080/00913847.2020.1838874. Epub 2020 Oct 28.PMID: 33078969

Flexible Intramedullary Nailing of Femoral Shaft Fractures in Children Weighing ≥40 kg: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
Makarewich CA, Talwar D, Baldwin KD, Swarup I.J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Nov/Dec;40(10):562-568. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001574.PMID: 33045158

Characteristics and Hospital Costs of Spica Cast Treatment of Non-accidental-related Diaphyseal Femoral Fractures in Children Before Walking Age.
Magee LC, Mahmoud MAH, Baldwin K, Talwar D, Gandhi JS, Arkader A.J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Nov/Dec;40(10):e932-e935. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001577.PMID: 32740177

BMI change following spinal fusion for neuromuscular scoliosis surgery. Baldwin KD, Cahill PJ, Sponseller PD, Abel MF, Spiegel DA, Flynn JM, Pahys JM; Harms Study Group Investigators.Spine Deform. 2020 Oct;8(5):1081-1087. doi: 10.1007/s43390-020-00109-1. Epub 2020 May 11.PMID: 32394323

Anari JB, Baldwin KD, Flynn JM, Cahill PJ. What's Important: Managing the Impact of Coronavirus on Pediatric Spine Surgery [published online ahead of print, 2020 Jun 11]. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2020;10.2106/JBJS.20.00641. doi:10.2106/JBJS.20.00641.

Can Rapid Progression in Nonambulatory Cerebral Palsy Scoliosis be Predicted Using Humeral Head Ossification? Bram JT, Flynn JM, Karkenny AJ, Shah RV, Talwar D, Baldwin KD.J Pediatr Orthop. 2020 Sep 1. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000001673. Online ahead of print.PMID: 32890123

Anari, JB; Flynn, JM; Cahill, PJ; Vitale, MG; Smith, JT; Gomez, JA; Garg, S; Baldwin, KD; Children's Spine Study Group: Unplanned Return to the OR (UPROR) for Children with Early Onset Scoliosis (EOS): a Comprehensive Evaluation of all Diagnoses and Instrumentation Strategies. Spine Defom 2020.

LaValva, SM; Baldwin, K; Swarup, I; Flynn, JM;; Pahys, JM; Yaszay, B; Abel, MF; Bachmann, K; Shah, SA; Sponseller, PD, Cahill, PJ; Harms Study Group: Prolonged Postoperative Intubation After Spinal Fusion in Cerebral Palsy: Are There Modifiable Risk Factors and Associated Consequences. J Pediatr Orthop 2020.

Magnusson, EA; Weltsch, D; Baldwin, KD; Blumberg TJ: Open Reduction of Closed Pediatric Tibial Shaft Fractures Treated with Intramedullary Stabilization Does Not Increase Risk of Post-Operative Complications. Journal of Orthopedic Trauma 2020.

Swarup, I; Meza, BC; Weltsch, D; Jina, AA; Lawrence, JT; Baldwin, K: Septic Arthritis of the Knee in Children: A Critical Analysis Review. JBJS Rev 8(1): e0069, 2020.

Weltsch, D; Baldwin, KD; Talwar, D; Flynn, JM: Expert Concensus for a Principle-Based Classification for Treatment of Diaphyseal Pediatric Femur Fractures. J Pediatr Orthop 2020.


Sagittal Spinopelvic Alignment After Posterior Spinal Fusion in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis. Pasha S, Ilharreborde B, Baldwin K.Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Jan 1;44(1):41-52. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002736.PMID: 29889799

Preoperative Sagittal Spinal Profile of Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis Lenke Types and Non-Scoliotic Adolescents: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Pasha S, Baldwin K.Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2019 Jan 15;44(2):134-142. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0000000000002748.PMID: 29927859

Refakis, CA; Arkader, A; Baldwin, KD; Spiegel, DA; Sankar, WS: Predicting Periarticular Infection in Children With Septic Arthritis of the Hip Regionally Derived Criteria May Not Apply to All Populations. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics 39(5): 268-74, January 2019.

Baldwin, K; Anari, J; Shore, B; Denning, JR; Li, Y; Spence, D; Riccio A; Stonback, J; Janicki, J; Hill, J; Rosenfeld, S; Johnson, M; Schonecker, J; Brighton, B; CORTICES: The Pediatric "Floating Knee" Injury: A State of the Art Multicenter Study. J Bone Joint Surg Am 101(19): 1761-1767, Oct 2019.

Adams, AJ; Baldwin, K; Arkader, A; Saknar, WN: Assessing the Need for Common Perioperative Laboratory Tests in Pediatric Patients with Femoral Shaft Fractures. J Pediatr Orthop e pub, 2019.

Cahill, PJ; Campbell, RE; Lakomkin, N; Flynn, JM; Nance, ML; Mayer, OH; Taylor, JA; Baldwin, KD; Campbell, RM: Comprehensive Wound Risk Stratification of Rib-Based Distraction Instrumentation Procedures. Spine Deform 7(6): 971-8, 2019.

Cahill, PJ; Campbell, RE; Lakomkin, N; Flynn, JM; Nance, ML; Mayer, OH; Tylor, JA; Baldwin, KD; Campbell, RM: Comprehencsive Wound Risk Straification of Rib-Based Distraction Instrumentation Procedures. Spine Deform, 2019 7(6): 971-8, 2019.

Lebrun, DG; Kocher, MS; Baldwinh, KD; Patel, NM: How Often are Sudy Design and Level of Evidence Misreported in the Pediatric Orthopedic Literature. J Pediatr Orthop 2019.

Pasha, S; Baldwin K: Surgical Outcome Differences Between the 3D Subtypes of Right Thoracic Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Eur Spine J 2019.

Pirruccio, K; Welsch, D; Baldwin, K: Reconsidering the "Classic" Clinical History Associated with Subluxations of the Radial Head. West J Emerg Med 20(2): 262-8, 2019.

Pirruccio, K; Weltsch, D; Baldwin, K: Kickball and Its Underappreciated Pediatric Injury Burden: An 18 Year Retrospective Epidemiological Study. Orthop J Sports Med 7(4), 2019.

Poorman, MJ; Talwar, D; Sanjuan, J; Baldwin, K; Sutliff, N; Franklin, CC: Increasing Hospital Admissions for Patellar Instability: a National Database Study from 2004 to 2017. Phys Sportsmed 2019.

Scott, ML; Baldwin, K; Mistovich, RJ: Operative Versus Nonoperative Treatment of Pediatric and Adolescent Clavicular Fractures: A Systematic Review and Critical Analysis. J Bone Joint Surg Rev 7(3): e5, 2019.


Intra-operative computed tomography guided navigation for pediatric pelvic instrumentation: A technique guide. Anari JB, Cahill PJ, Flynn JM, Spiegel DA, Baldwin KD.World J Orthop. 2018 Oct 18;9(10):185-189. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v9.i10.185. eCollection 2018 Oct 18.PMID: 30364843

DeFrancesco, CJ; Miller, DJ; Cahill, PJ; Spiegel, DA; Flynn, JM; Baldwin, K: Releasing the Tether: Weight Normalization Following Corrective Spinal Fusion in Cerebral Palsy. Journal of Orthopedic Surgery (Hong Kong) 26(2), June 2018.

Bram, JT; Baldwin, KD; Blumberg, TJ: Gram Stain is Not Clinically Relevant in Treatment of Pediatric Septic Arthritis. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics 38(9): 536-540, July 2018.

Blumberg, TJ; DeFrancesco, CJ; Miller, DJ; Pandya, NK; Flynn, JM; Baldwin, K: Firearm-Associated Fractures in Children and Adolescents: Trends in the United States 2003-2012. Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics 38(7): e387-e392, August 2018.

Refakis CA, Baldwin KD, Spiegel DA, & Sankar WN: Treatment of the Dislocated Hip in Infants with Spasticity. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 38(7): 345-349, August 2018.

Kolman, SE; Glanzman, AM; Prosser, L; Spiegel, DA; Baldwin, K: Factors that Predict Overall Health and Quality of Life in Non-Ambulatory Individuals with Cerebral Palsy. Iowa Orthopedic Journal 38: 147-52, 2018.

Talathi, NS; Ganley, TJ; Shea, KG; Schwend, RM; Baldwin, KD: Pediatric Lawnmower Injuries and Strategies for Prevention: A Systematic Review. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery Reviews 6(12): e9, 2018.


Chilutti Abel K, Baldwin K, Chuo J, Ganley T, Kim A, Wells L, Giordano T. Can Telemedicine Be Used for Adolescent Postoperative Knee Arthroscopy Follow-up? JBJS JOPA. 2017; 5(4): e26.

Mistovich RJ, Jacobs LJ, Campbell RM, Spiegel DA, Flynn JM, Baldwin KD. Infection control in pediatric spinal deformity surgery: A systematic and Gittings, DJ; Dattilo, JR; Fryhofer, G; Donegan, DJ; Baldwin, K: Treatment of Hip Flexion Contractures with Psoas Recession Through the Middle Window of the Ilioinguinal Approach. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery Essential Surgical Techniques 7(3): e25, August 2017.

Ashley, B; Spiegel, DA; Cahill, P; Talwar, D; Baldwin, KD: Post-operative fever in orthopaedic surgery: How effective is the "fever workup"? Journal of Orthopedic Surgery (Hong Kong) 25(3), September-December 2017.

Al-Mahdi, W; Ibrahim, MM; Spiegel, DA; Arkader, A; Nance, M; Baldwin, K: Is Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome Relavant to Pulmonary Complications and Mortality in Multiply Injured Children? Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics October 2017 Notes: e publish ahead of print.

Pasha, S; Baldwin, K: Are We Simplifying Balance Evaluation in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis. Clinical Biomechanics (Bristol, Avon) 51: 91-98, 2017.


Donegan, DJ; Akinley, S; Taylor, RM; Baldwin, K; Mehta, S: IM Nailing of Tibial Shaft Fractures: Size Matters. J Orthop Trauma epub, 2016.


TR Morris, MA Keenan, K Baldwin: Peroneal nerve palsy Current Orthopaedic Practice  26: 155-159, 2015.

Fabricant, PD; Seeley, MA; Anari, JB; Ganley, TJ; Flynn, JM; Baldwin, KD: Medial Epicondyle Fractures in Children and Adolescents: Shifting Care from General Hospitals to Children's Hospitals? J. Pediatr., 2015 2015. PMCID: 26340870.

Cruz, AI; Aversano, FJ; Seeley, MA; Sankar, WN; Baldwin, KD: Pediatric Lyme Arthritis of the Hip: The Great Imitator? J Pediatr Orthop 2015. PMCID: 26469686.

Anari, JB; Neuwirth, AL; Carducci, NM; Donegan, DJ; Baldwin, KD: Pediatric T-Condylar Humerus Fractures: A Systematic Review. J Pediatric Orthopaedics 2015. PMCID: 261665551.

Abdullah, L; Davis, DE, Fabricant PD; Baldwin, K; Namdari, S: Is there Truly "No Significant Difference"? Underpowered Randomized Controlled Trials in The Orthopaedic Literature.  J Bone Joint Surg Am 97(24), Dec 2015. PMCID: 26677241.

Fabricant, PD; Baldwin, Keith: Missed Pediatric Monteggia Fracture: A 63-year old follow up. Journal of Orthopaedics June 2015 Notes: No abstract available, Pub ahead of print. PMCID: 26051970.

Gans I, Baldwin KD, Levin LS, Nance ML, Chang B, Kovach SJ 3rd, Serletti JM, Flynn JM: A Lower Extremity Musculoskeletal and Vascular Trauma Protocol in a Children's Hospital May Improve Treatment Response Times and Appropriate Microvascular Coverage. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma May 2015. PMCID: 25272203.

Baldwin KD: CORR Insights(®): what effects have resident work-hour changes had on education, quality of life, and safety? A systematic review. Clin Orthop Relat Res 473(5): 1609-11, May 2015 Notes: No Abstract Available. PMCID: 25298283.

Kolman SE, Ruzbarsky JJ, Spiegel DA, Baldwin KD: Salvage Options in the Cerebral Palsy Hip: A Systematic Review. Journal of Orthopaedics. E Pub ahead of print, April 2015. PMCID: 25851685.

Kadhim M, Gans I, Baldwin K, Flynn J, Ganley, TG: Do Surgical Times and Efficiency Differ between Inpatient and Ambulatory Surgery Centers that are both hospital owned? Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery April 2015 Notes: E-Pub ahead of print.

Grigoriou E, Abol Oyoun N, Kushare I, Baldwin, KD, Horn, BD, Davidson RS: Comparative results of percutaneous Achilles tenotomy to combined open Achilles tenotomy with posterior capsulotomy in the correction of equinus deformity in congenital talipes equinovarus. Int Orthopaedic 39(4): 721-5, April 2015. PMCID: 25690920.

Ramski DE, Hennrikus WP, Bae DS, Baldwin KD, Patel NM, Waters PM, Flynn JM: Pediatric Monteggia fractures: a multicenter examination of treatment strategy and early clinical and radiographic results. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 35(2): 115-20, March 2015. PMCID: 24978320.


Voleti, PB; Liu, SY; Baldwin, KD; Mehta, S: Donegan, DJ: Intertrochanteric Femur Fracture Stability: A Surrogate for General Health in Elderly Patients? Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil 6(3): 192-6, 2014. PMCID: 26328235.

Schenker ML, Ahn J, Donegan D, Mehta S, Baldwin KD: The cost of after-hours operative debridement of open tibia fractures. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 28(11): 626-31, November 2014. PMCID: 24553413.

Ranski DE, Kanj WW, Franklin CC, Baldwin KD, Ganley TJ: Anterior cruciate ligament tears in children and adolescents: a meta-analysis of nonoperative versus operative treatment. American Journal of Sports Medicine 42(11): 2769-76, November 2014. PMCID: 24305648.

Kolman s, Keenan MA, Spiegel D, Namdari S, Hosalkar H, Baldwin KD: What's new in orthopaedic rehabilitation. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery 96(22): 1925-34, November 2014.

Voleti PB, Hamula MJ, Baldwin KD, Lee GC: Current data do not support routine use of patient-specific instrumentation in total knee arthroplasty. Journal of Arthroplasty September 2014. PMCID: 24961893.

Alosh H, Kamath AF, Baldwin KD, Keenan M, Lee GC: Outcomes of total hip arthroplasty in spastic patients. Journal of Arthroplasty 29(8): 1566-70, August 2014. PMCID: 24736289.

Sarkissian EJ, Sankar WN, Baldwin KD, Flynn JM: Is there a predilection for breech infants to demonstrate spontaneous stabilization of DDH instability? Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedics 34(5): 509-13, July-August 2014. PMCID: 24590335.

Moore RE, Baldwin KD, Austin MS, Mehta S: A systematic review of open reduction and internal fixation of periprosthetic femur fractures with or without allograft strut, cerclage, and locked plates. Journal of Arthroplasty 29(5): 872-876, May 2014. PMCID: 24650900.

Scolaro JA, Schenker ML, Yannascoli S, Baldwin KD, Mehta S, Ahn J: Cigarette smoking increases complications following fracture: a systematic review. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery 96(8): 674-681, April  2014. PMCID: 24740664.

Sullivan MP, Baldwin KD, Donegan DJ, Mehta S, Ahn J: Geriatric fractures about the hip: divergent patterns in the proximal femur, acetabulum, and pelvis. Orthopaedics 37(3): 151-157, March 2014. PMCID: 24762143.

Beck NA, Ganley TJ, McKay S, Tomlinson L, Ahn, J, Flynn JM, Baldwin K: T-condylar fractures of the distal humerus in children: does early motion affect final range of motion? Journal Child Orthopaedics 8(2): 161-165, March 2014. PMCID: 24643671.


Vancomycin prophylaxis of surgical site infection in clean orthopedic surgery. Kanj WW, Flynn JM, Spiegel DA, Dormans JP, Baldwin KD.Orthopedics. 2013 Feb;36(2):138-46. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20130122-10.PMID: 23379827 Review.

Ruzbarsky JJ, Beck NA, Baldwin KD, Sankar WN, Flynn JM, Spiegel DA: Risk factors and complications in hip reconstruction for nonambulatory patients with cerebral palsy. Journal of Pediatric Orthopaedic Surgery 7(6): 487-500, December 2013. PMCID: 24432112.

Namdari S; Jani S; Baldwin K; Mehta S: What is the Relationship Between Number of Publications During Orthopaedic Residency and Selection of an Academic Career? J Bone Joint Surg Am 95(7): e451-6, 2013. PMCID: 23553308.

Kamath AF; McAuliffe CL; Gutsche JT; Kosseim LM; Hume EL; Baldwin KD; Kornfield Z; Israelite CL: Intensive Care Monitoring After Total Joint Replacement. Bone Joint J 95B(11 (Supp A)): 74-6, 2013.

Garcia GH, Park MJ, Baldwin KD, Flynn JM, Spiegel DA: Do routine radiographs within the first two years following pediatric posterior spinal fusion prompt revision surgery? Spine (Philadelphia, PA 1976) 38(25): 2216-20, December 2013. PMCID: 24048089.

Baldwin K, Namdari S, Donegan D, Kovatch K, Ahn J, Mehta S: 100 most cited articles in fracture surgery. American Journal of Orthopaedics 42(12): 547-52, December 2013. PMCID: 24471143.

Anakwenze OA; Baldwin K; Abboud JA: Distal Biceps Tendon Repair: An Analysis of Timing of Surgery to Outcomes. J Athl Train 48(1): 9-11, 2013. PMCID: 23672320.

Gans I, Baldwin KD, Ganley TJ: Treatment and Management Outcomes of Tibial Eminence Fractures in Pediatric Patients: A Systematic Review. American Journal of Sports Medicine 42(7): 1743-50, November 2013. PMCID: 24256714.

Namdari S, Baldwin K, Horneff JG, Keenan MA: Orthopedic evaluation and surgical treatment of the spastic shoulder. Orthopaedic Clin North America 44(4): 605-14, October 2013. PMCID: 24095075.

Namdari S, Horneff JG, Baldwin K: Comparison of hemiarthroplasty and reverse arthroplasty for treatment of proximal humeral fractures: a systematic review. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery 95(18): 1701-8, September 2013. PMCID: 24048558.

Kosseim L; Israelite CL: Prospective Study of Unplanned Admission to the Intensive Care Unit after Total Hip Arthroplasty. J Arthroplasty 28(8): 1345-8, Sept 2013. PMCID: 23507067.

Gans I, Dormans JP, Spiegel DA, Flynn JM, Sankar WN, Campbell RM, Baldwin KD: Adjunctive vancomycin powder in pediatric spine surgery is safe. Spine (Phila PA 1976) 38(19): 1703-7, September 2013. PMCID: 23759805.

Pappas ND, Watson JT, Erickson JM, Baldwin KD, Lee DH: Reliability and accuracy of templating humeral and ulnar components for total elbow arthroplasty. American Journal of Orthopaedics 42(7): 321-3, July  2013. PMCID: 24078944.

Beck NA, Miller R, Baldwin K, Zhu X, Spiegel D, Drummond D, Sankar WN, Flynn JM: Do oblique views add value in the diagnosis of spondylolysis in adolescents. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery 15(95): 10, May 2013. PMCID: 23677366.

Anakwenze OA, Kancherla V, Baldwin K, Levine WN, Mehta S: Orthopaedic Residency Applications Increase After Implementation of 80-hour Workweek. Clin Orthop Relat Res 471(5): 1720-4, May 2013. PMCID: 23319158.

Garcia, GH; Park, MJ; Baldwin, K; Fowler: J; Kelly, JD: Tjoumakaris, FP: Comparison of Arthroscopic Osteochondral Substitute Grafting and Remplissage for Engaging Hill-Sachs Lesions. Orthopedics 36(1): 38-43, January 2013. PMCID: 23276350.

Anakwenze OA, Baldwin K; Milby AH; Warrender W; Shulman B; Abboud JA: Arthroscopic Repair of Large Rotator Cuff Tears Using the Double-Row Technique: an Analysis of Surgeon Experience on Efficiency and Outcomes. J Shoulder Elbow Surg 22(1): 26-31, Jan 2013. PMCID: 22652062.


Computed tomography-guided navigation of thoracic pedicle screws for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis results in more accurate placement and less screw removal. Ughwanogho E, Patel NM, Baldwin KD, Sampson NR, Flynn JM.Spine (Phila Pa 1976). 2012 Apr 15;37(8):E473-8. doi: 10.1097/BRS.0b013e318238bbd9.PMID: 22020579



Schenker, ML; Pulos, NJ; Baldwin, KD; Ahn, J; Mehta, S: A Systematic Review of Residency Application Data: Who Do You Want Taking Care of You? AOA CORD meeting, Providence, RI 2015.

Nduaguba, A; Baldwin, KD; Sankar WN: Predictive Factors for Differentiating Between Septic Arthritis and Lyme Disease of the Knee. POSNA Annual National Meeting, Atlanta, GA 2015.

Nduaguba A; Baldwin, KD; Sankar WN: Predictive Factors for Differentiating Between Septic Arthritis and Lyme Disease of the Knee. AAOS Annual National Meeting, Las Vegas, Nevada 2015.


Ahn J; Baldwin K; Israelite C; Levin LS; Schenker ML: Selecting the Best and Brightest: A Systematic Approach to Orthopaedic Surgery Resident Selection. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Meeting. Montreal C June 2014.

Yannascoli SM: Schenker ML; Donegan DJ; Baldwin K; Ahn J; Mehta S: Bone Morphogenic Protein: Is it Only Pixie dust? A Meta-Analysis. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA March 2014.

Schenker ML; Baldwin K; Israelite CL; Levin LS; Mehta S; Ahn J: Selecting the Best and Brightest: A Systematic Approach to Orthopaedic Surgery Resident Selection. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA March 2014.

Gans I; Baldwin K; Levin LS; Nance ML; Flynn JM: Solving The Pediatric Lower Extremity Vascular Trauma Dilemma: Improved Care with a Vascular Trauma Protocol. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. New Orleans LA March 2014.

Donegan DJ; Akinleye SD; Baldwin K; Mehta S: Intramedullary Nailing of Tibial Shaft Fractures: Size Matters. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Annual Meeting. New Orleans, LA March 2014.




Baldwin, K; Dormans, JP; Wells, L: Torsional and Angular Deformities. Nelson's Textbook of Pediatrics 20th Edition, Chapter 675. Kliegman, Stanton, St Geme, Schor (eds.). Elsevier, Page: 3257-63, 2016.

Baldwin, K; Dormans JP; Wells, L; : Common Fractures. Nelson's textbook of Pediatrics 20th ed; Chapter 683. Kliegman, Stanton, St Geme, Schor (eds.). Elsevier, Page: 3314-3321, 2016.

Baldwin K; Dormans JP; Wells L;: Evaluation of the Child. Nelson's Textbook of Pediatrics 20th edition Chapter 672. Kliegman, Stanton, St Geme, Schor (eds.). Elsevier, Page: 3241, 2016.
Baldwin K; Dormans JP; Wells L: Growth and Development. Nelson's Textbook of Pediatrics 20th edition chapter 671. Kliegman, Stanton, St Geme, Schor (eds.). Elsevier, Page: 3242-6, 2016.


Mistovich RJ; Baldwin KD: Sports and Sports Related Injuries in the Growing Spine. The Growing Spine: Management of Spinal Disorders in young Children. Behrooz A Akbarnia; Muharrem Yazici; George H Thompson (eds.). Springer, Page: 383-394, 2015.

Baldwin, K; Keenan, MA: Neuro-Orthopaedics and Rehabiliation. AAOS Comprehensive Review 2- Chapter 22. Martin Boyer (eds.). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Page: 233-242, 2015.

Baldwin K; Flynn, JM;: Open Reduction and internal fixation of Pediatric T-Condylar fractures, B  Operative techniques. Orthopaedic Surgery 2nd edition Chapter 8. Orthopaedic Surgery 2nd edition Chapter 8 2015.


Hosalkar H; Pandya, NK; Baldwin, K;: Neuro-Orthopedics Brain injury Medicine Brain injury Medicine, Principles and Practice 2nd Edition, 2014.

Crawford EA; Franklin, CCD; Spiegel DA; Baldwin K. : Orthopedic Secrets 4th edition. Pediatric Orthopedics. Chapter 6. 145-220, 2014.

Baldwin, K; Keenan, MA: Normal and Pathologic Gait. AAOS Comprehensive Orthopaedic Review 2- Chapter 17. Martin Boyer (eds.). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Page: 179-87, 2014.

Baldwin, K; Keenan, MA: Orthoses, Amputations and Prostheses. AAOS Comprehensive Review 2- Chapter 18. Martin Boyer (eds.). American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons, Page: 189-207, 2014.

Baldwin K, Esquenazi A, Keenan MA. Rehabilitation and Neuro-Orthopedic Surgery. In: Orthopedic Secrets. 4th edition. Chapter 7: 220-243. Philadelphia: Elsevier, 2014.


Baldwin K, Huffman GR. Epidemiology and Biostatistics. In: Wiesel SW, Sankar WN, Delahay JN, Wiesel BB, eds. Orthopedic Surgery - Principles of Diagnosis and Treatment. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins. 2011. pp. 29-39.


Baldwin, K.; Donegan, D.J.; Keenan, M.A: Rehabilitation. Fractures in the Elderly. Humana Press, 2010.


Baldwin, K.; Ahn, J.; Mehta, S: Open Reduction Internal Fixation of Posterior Wall Acetabulum Fractures;  Gowned and Gloved Orthopedics. Elsevier, 2009.


Posters and Presentations



John H. Moe Best Basic Research Poster Award: 3D Classification of the Right Thoracic Scoliotic Spine by the Means of Two View Spinal Radiographs: A Validation Study Saba Pasha, PhD; Keith Baldwin, MD; Jason B. Anari, MD; Victor Ho-Fung, MD


Schenker ML; Ahn J; Donegan D; Mehta S; Baldwin K: The Cost of After-Hours Operative Debridement of Open Fractures. American Orthopaedic Association Annual Meeting Special Emphasis Poster. Denver, CO June 2013.

Awards and Honors

2017, 2018, 2022, Philadelphia Magazine's Top Doctors in Orthopaedic Surgery

2015, Jacqueline Perry Award Paper,  "Factors that Predict Overall Health and Quality of Life in Non-Ambulatory Individuals with Cerebral Palsy"

2015, New Jersey Families- Favorite Kids Docs, South Jersey Magazine

2014, New Jersey Family Favorite Kid's Docs, South Jersey Magazine

2014, Jacqueline Perry Award Paper, "Salvage Options in the Cerebral Palsy Hip: A Systematic Review"

2013, Best of AAOS acknowledgement for Paper, "Monteggia Fractures in Children: A Multi-Center Examination of Treatment Strategy and Outcomes-  American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons"

2012, First place poster for paper "Development of a contaminated musculoskeletal wound model using a bioluminescent Staphylococcus Aureus Strain"- Penn Center for Musculoskeletal Disorders Symposium- First author/ presenter Mara Schenker

2012, Oded Bar-Or Award for Paper "Meta-Analysis of Operative vs. Non-Operative Treatment for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Tears in Skeletally Immature Patients"- Presenter- Wajdi Kanj - American Academy of Pediatrics

2011, AAOS/OREF/ORS Clinician Scholar Development Program Invitee/Recipient American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

2009, First Prize Winner for paper- Child Abuse and Orthopaedic Injury Patterns: Analysis at a Level I Pediatric Trauma Center- OREF Greater Philadelphia Area Resident Research Competition and Symposium- First Author/ Presenter Nirav Pandya

2009, AAOS Award: Best poster in category: Trauma 2009 AAOS National Meeting

2009, Vernon Nichol Award for paper "Surgical resection of Elbow Heterotopic Ossification: Predictors of Outcome"- Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Association- First author/ Presenter Harish Hosalkar

2009, AAOS award: Best poster in category: Trauma:" An Evaluation of Risk Factors for Thromboembolic Disease in the Setting of Existing Clinical Management Guidelines in Victims of Blunt Trauma, 2009 AAOS national meeting.

2009, The Stanley Chung, MD Award for Excellence in Research: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

2009, Runner up Resident paper presentation for paper "ASA Predicts Medical Complications in Elderly Hip Fracture Surgery"- Pennsylvania Orthopaedic Society- First Author/ Presenter Derek Donegan

2008, Sigma Xi Research Honor Society: Elected to membership

2006, The Rudolph C. Camishion, M.D. Award for Academic Excellence in Surgery

2005, Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society, University of Medicine & Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

2005, Alpha Omega Alpha Honor Society: University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School,  Elected to Membership

2003-2004, Robert Wood Johnson Alumni Scholarship: University of Medicine and Dentistry (Provided as a partial academic scholarship for academic excellence)

2002, Award for Outstanding Performance in Pathology: University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School

2001-2002, McGraw Hill/ Appleton & Lange Top Medical Student Award:  (Granted to the top 1-5% of medical school class, along with the opportunity to review books for McGraw Hill)

2001-2005, Full Academic Scholarship: University of Medicine and Dentistry-School of Public Health (Provided through the Student Scholar Program)

1999, Partial Academic Scholarship for Clinical Excellence:  Widener University (Granted annually to select physical therapy students for excellence in clinical rotations)

1997-1999, Partial Academic Scholarship for Clinical Excellence:  Widener University (Granted annually to select physical therapy students for excellence in clinical rotations)

1996, Presidential Award for Outstanding Senior in Food Science and Nutrition

1996, Golden Key National Honor Society

1993, Order of Omega National Honor Society: Greek National Honor Society

1993, Kappa Omicron Nu National Honor Society: National Honor Society for Resource Development

1992, Phi Eta Sigma Freshman Honor Society

Editorial and Academic Positions

Editorial positions

2015-present, Reviewer, The American Academy of Pediatrics
2015-present, Review Board, Current Orthopaedic Practice
2014-present, Editor Board Member, World Journal of Orthopedics
2014-present, Reviewer, International Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences
2014-present, Editorial Board Member, American Journal of Orthopedics
2014-present, Reviewer, BMJ - Open
2013-present, Reviewer, Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (Am) Reviews
2013-present, Section editor, Rehabilitation Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery Reviews
2012-present, Reviewer2012-present, Reviewer, Annals of Internal Medicine
2012-present, Reviewer, Journal of Orthopedic Trauma
2012-present, Reviewer,  Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
2012-2014, Resident Advisory Board Member, American Journal of Orthopedics
2010-present, Section Editor, Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania Orthopaedic Journal
2010-present, Reviewer, Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research

Academic and Institutional Committees

2015-present, Provocateur- Penn Research Day
2015-present, Chair, Neuromuscular Spine Pathway Committee
2015-present, Member, ED Fracture Pathway Committee
2013-2014, Resident Selection Committee, Interviewer
2012-2014, POSNA Grant Reviewer
2012-2014, OREF Grant Reviewer
2012-2014, POSNA Evidence Based Medicine Committee

Leadership and Memberships

Memberships in Professional Organizations

2014-present, Orthopaedic Research Society

2013-present, Orthopaedic Trauma Association - Member

2012-present, Orthopaedic Rehabilitation Association - Member

- BOS Member; Health Policy Chair

2011-Present Pediatric Orthopaedic Society of North America

- Candidate Corresponding Member

2009-present, Sigma Xi- Research National Honor Society

2006-present, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons

Resident Member

2001-present, American Medical Association