Education and Training
MD - Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA
Internal Medicine - Lankenau Medical Center, Wynnewood, PA
Anesthesiology - Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, PA
Pediatric Anesthesiology - The Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA
AnesthesiologyClinical InformaticsPediatric Anesthesiology
Master of Biomedical Informatics (MBI) - Oregon Health & Science University in Portland, OR
Titles and Academic Titles
Assistant Professor of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania
Departments and Services
Fetal Anesthesia: Intrauterine Therapies and Immediate Postnatal Anesthesia for Noncardiac Surgical Interventions. Nelson O, Simpao AF, Tran KM, Lin EE. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2020 Jun;33(3):368-373. doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000862. Read more here.
Simpao AF, Obsekov V, Gálvez JA, Isserman RS, Rehman MA, Schwartz ES. A retrospective study of the impact of supraglottic airway devices on the appearance of neck masses in children undergoing serial magnetic resonance imaging. Paediatr Anaesth. 2018 Oct 9. doi: 10.1111/pan.13510. [Epub ahead of print]
Chu DI, Tan JM, Mattei P, Simpao AF, Costarino AT, Shukla AR, Rossano JW, Tasian GE. Outcomes of laparoscopic and open surgery in children with and without congenital heart disease. J Pediatr Surg. 2018 Oct;53(10):1980-1988.
Simpao AF, Rehman MA. Dyeing to Find Out How an "AWEsim" Bundle Can Impact Anesthesia Work Environment Contamination. Anesth Analg. 2018 Sep;127(3):594-595. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003323.
Jalali A, Simpao AF, Gálvez JA, Licht DJ, Nataraj C. Prediction of Periventricular Leukomalacia in Neonates after Cardiac Surgery Using Machine Learning Algorithms. J Med Syst. 2018 Aug 17;42(10):177.
Hofer IS, Levin MA, Simpao AF, McCormick PJ, Rothman BS. Anesthesia Informatics Grows Up. Anesth Analg. 2018 Jul;127(1):18-20.
Simpao AF, Rehman MA. Anesthesia Information Management Systems. Anesth Analg. 2018 Jul;127(1):90-94.
Simpao AF, Ma AA, Tan JM, Wasey JO, Masino AJ, Gálvez JA. One Laryngospasm, 2 Realities: A Case Report Highlighting the Impact of Data Granularity on Post Hoc Analysis of Perioperative Events. A A Pract. 2018 Jun 18. doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000000817. [Epub ahead of print]
Viswanath O, Simpao AF, Garcia G. The Expected Role of the Anesthesiologist in Delivering Bad News. Anesth Analg. 2018 May;126(5):1774-1776.
Simpao AF, Gálvez JA. Reporting of Observational Research in ANESTHESIOLOGY: The Importance of Data Quality: Trust but Verify. Anesthesiology. 2018 Feb;128(2):250-251.
Simpao AF, Gálvez JA, Wartman EC, England WR, Wu L, Rehman MA, Ngo TV. The Migration of Caudally Threaded Thoracic Epidural Catheters in Neonates and Infants. Anesth Analg. 2018 Feb 23. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000003311. [Epub ahead of print]
Simpao AF, Ahumada LM, Larru Martinez B, Cardenas AM, Metjian TA, Sullivan KV, Gálvez JA, Desai BR, Rehman MA, Gerber JS. Design and Implementation of a Visual Analytics Electronic Antibiogram within an Electronic Health Record System at a Tertiary Pediatric Hospital. Appl Clin Inform. 2018 Jan;9(1):37-45.
Gálvez JA, Jalali A, Ahumada L, Simpao AF, Rehman MA. Neural Network Classifier for Automatic Detection of Invasive Versus Noninvasive Airway Management Technique Based on Respiratory Monitoring Parameters in a Pediatric Anesthesia. J Med Syst. 2017 Aug 23;41(10):153. doi: 10.1007/s10916-017-0787-3.
Gálvez JA, Pappas JM, Ahumada L, Martin JN, Simpao AF, Rehman MA, Witmer C. The use of natural language processing on pediatric diagnostic radiology reports in the electronic health record to identify deep venous thrombosis in children. J Thromb Thrombolysis. 2017 Oct;44(3):281-290.
Wright J, Simpao AF, Viswanath O. Basic Principles of Obstetric Anesthesiology: A Crossword Puzzle. J Clin Diagn Res. 2017 Jul;11(7):UO01-UO02.
Viswanath O, Simpao AF. Life as a Resident in the Inaugural Class of a New Residency Program. J Grad Med Educ. 2017 Jun;9(3):402-403.
Gálvez JA, Lockman JL, Schleelein LE, Simpao AF, Ahumada LM, Wolf BA, Shah MJ, Heitmiller E, Rehman M. Interactive pediatric emergency checklists to the palm of your hand - How the Pedi Crisis App traveled around the world. Paediatr Anaesth. 2017 Aug;27(8):835-840.
Isserman RS, Simpao AF, Schwartz AJ, Pearsall MF. T-wave Alternans and Long QT Syndrome. Anesthesiology. 2017 Sep;127(3):567.
Simpao AF, Gálvez JA, Cannesson M. Should We Fear Computers or the Lack of Them? Technology, Digital Quality Improvement, and the Care Redesign Process. Anesthesiology. 2017 Mar;126(3):369-370. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001517. No abstract available.
Jalali A, Simpao AF, Nadkarni VM, Berg RA, Nataraj C. A Novel Nonlinear Mathematical Model of Thoracic Wall Mechanics During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Based on a Porcine Model of Cardiac Arrest. J Med Syst. 2017 Feb;41(2):20.
Chua P, Hill-Kayser C, Ahumada LM, Jalal A, Simpao AF, Lingappan AM, Jawad A, Rehman MA, Gálvez JA. Visual analytics dashboard to explore the relationship of unscheduled treatment interruptions and variations in airway management for children undergoing external beam radiation therapy. Pract Radiat Oncol. Pract Radiat Oncol. 2017 Sep - Oct;7(5):e339-e344.
Simpao AF, Ahumada LM, Gálvez JA, Bonafide CP, Wartman EC, Randall England W, Lingappan AM, Kilbaugh TJ, Jawad AF, Rehman MA. The timing and prevalence of intraoperative hypotension in infants undergoing laparoscopic pyloromyotomy at a tertiary pediatric hospital. Paediatr Anaesth. 2016 Nov 29. doi: 10.1111/pan.13036. [Epub ahead of print].
Simpao AF, Pollock AN, McGinnis SE, Gálvez JA. The vanishing neck mass: how using a laryngeal mask airway during magnetic resonance imaging of a child can cause misdiagnosis. Paediatr Anaesth. 2016 Sep;26(9):942-3. doi: 10.1111/pan.12949. No abstract available.
Gálvez JA, Lin EE, Schwartz AJ, Simpao AF. Ultrasound-guided Vascular Access: Visualizing the Tip of the Needle. Anesthesiology. 2016 Aug;125(2):396. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001049. No abstract available.
Simpao AF, Gálvez JA. When Seconds Count, Buy More Time: The Oxygen Reserve Index and its Promising Role in Patient Monitoring and Safety. Anesthesiology. 2016 Apr;124(4):750-1. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001036. No abstract available.
Simpao AF, Galvez JA, England WR, Wartman EC, Scott JH, Hamid MM Sr, Rehman MA, Epstein RH. A Technical Evaluation of Wireless Connectivity from Patient Monitors to an Anesthesia Information Management System During Intensive Care Unit Surgery. Anesth Analg. 2016 Feb;122(2):425-9. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000001064.
Gálvez JA, Rothman BS, Doyle CA, Morgan S, Simpao AF, Rehman MA. A Narrative Review of Meaningful Use and Anesthesia Information Management Systems. Anesth Analg. 2015 Sep;121(3):693-706. doi: 10.1213/ANE.0000000000000881.PMID:26287298.
Viswanath O, Simpao AF, Santhosh S. Atypical Presentation of a Pulmonary Embolism in the Perioperative Setting. A A Case Rep. 2015 Aug 15;5(4):54-6. doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000000174.PMID: 26275306.
Simpao AF, Lingappan AM, Ahumada LM, Rehman MA, Gálvez JA. Perioperative Smartphone Apps and Devices for Patient-Centered Care. J Med Syst. 2015 Sep;39(9):310. doi: 10.1007/s10916-015-0310-7. Epub 2015 Aug 12.PMID: 26265239.
Kamath AM1, Schwartz AJ2, Simpao AF3, Lingappan AM4, Rehman MA5, Galvez JA3. Induction of General Anesthesia Is in the Eye of the Beholder--Objective Feedback Through a Wearable Camera. J Grad Med Educ. 2015 Jun;7(2):268-9. doi: 10.4300/JGME-D-14-00680.1.
Laje P, Pearson EG, Simpao AF, Rehman MA, Sinclair T, Hedrick HL, Adzick NS, Flake AW. The first 100 infant thoracoscopic lobectomies: Observations through the learning curve and comparison to open lobectomy. J Pediatr Surg. 2015 Jun 3. pii: S0022-3468(15)00369-3. pii: S0022-3468(15)00369-3. doi: 10.1016.
Simpao AF, Galvez JA, Schwartz AJ, Rehman MA. Images in anesthesiology: inversion of the right hemidiaphragm due to massive hemothorax after central line placement. Anesthesiology. 2015 Jan;122(1):190. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000000079. No abstract available. PMID: 24263238.
Simpao AF, Janik LS, Hsu G, Schwartz AJ, Heuer GG, Warrington AP, Rehman MA. Transient and reproducible loss of motor-evoked potential signals after intravenous levetiracetam in a child undergoing craniotomy for resection of astrocytoma. A Case Rep. 2015 Jan 15;4(2):26-8. doi: 10.1213/XAA.0000000000000107. PMID: 25611003.
Olutunmbi Y, Gurnaney HG, Galvez JA, Simpao AF. Ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia in a pediatric patient with acute intermittent porphyria: literature review and case report. Middle East J Anaesthesiol. 2014 Jun;22(5):511-4. PMID: 25137868.
Gálvez JA, Ahumada L, Simpao AF, Lin EE, Bonafide CP, Choudhry D, England WR, Jawad AF, Friedman D, Sesok-Pizzini DA, Rehman MA. Visual analytical tool for evaluation of 10-year perioperative transfusion practice at a children's hospital. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2014 May-Jun;21(3):529-34. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-002241. Epub 2013 Dec 20. PMID:24363319.
Simpao AF1, Ahumada LM2, Desai BR3, Bonafide CP3, Gálvez JA1, Rehman MA1, Jawad AF4, Palma KL5, Shelov ED3. Optimization of drug-drug interaction alert rules in a pediatric hospital's electronic health record system using a visual analytics dashboard. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2015 Mar;22(2):361-9. doi: 10.1136/amiajnl-2013-002538. Epub 2014 Oct 15.
Simpao AF, Javia LR, Schwartz AJ, Rehman MA. Shoulder dystocia, laryngeal tear, mediastinal intubation, and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a neonate. Anesthesiology. 2014 Feb;120(2):480. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e31827e5129. No abstract available. PMID: 23237978.
Simpao AF, Wong R, Ferrara TJ, Hedrick HL, Schwartz AJ, Snyder TL, Tharakan SJ, Bailey PD Jr. From simulation to separation surgery: a tale of two twins. Anesthesiology. 2014 Jan;120(1):110. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0b013e31828e13d6. No abstract available. PMID: 23503368
Posters and Presentations
Lectures by Invitation
Simpao AF. "Is prolonged fasting time associated with relative hypotension under anesthesia? A retrospective study of 16,506 children at a tertiary children’s hospital," European Society for Paediatric Anaesthesiology 10th Annual Congress, September 2018, Brussels, Belgium
Simpao AF. "Little Kids, Big Data: Applications of Analytics in Anesthesia", British Columbia Children's Hospital, February 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia
Simpao AF. "ABC's of Maternal-Fetal Anesthesia: Anecdotes, Basics, and Cases", British Columbia Children's Hospital, February 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia
Simpao AF. "ABC's of Maternal-Fetal Anesthesia: Anecdotes, Basics, and Cases", Royal Columbian Hospital, February 2018, New Westminster, British Columbia
Simpao AF. "ABC's of Maternal-Fetal Anesthesia: Anecdotes, Basics, and Cases," Vanderbilt University, November 2017, Nashville, TN
Simpao AF. "More Data, More Problems? Analytics, Algorithms, and Anesthesia," Vanderbilt University, November 2017, Nashville, TN
Simpao A. Little Kids, Big Data: Practical Applications of Analytics in Anesthesia; 2017 Feb 15; Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH.
Simpao A. "Editors' Picks in Pediatric Anesthesiology: Anesthesiology, Journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists", Hot Topics in Pediatric Anesthesiology - Editors' Panel at the ASA Annual Meeting, October 2017, Boston, MA
Simpao A. Editor's Picks in Pediatric Anesthesiology: Anesthesiology, Journal of the American Society of Anesthesiologists", PN405: Hot Topics in Pediatric Anesthesiology - Editor's Picks 2016, 120 Minute Panel at the ASA 2016 Annual Meeting; 2016 Oct 22-26; Chicago, IL.
Simpao A. A social media primer for physicians: networking, education, and advocacy. Presented at: CleanMed National Conference for Health Care Sustainability; 2015 May; Portland, OR.
Simpao A. Wearable technology for health care professionals. Presented at: ASA Annual Meeting Seminar: Develop and Distribute Your Own iOS, and MAC OS X apps - Methods and Concepts for Beginners and Intermediate Developers; 2015 Oct; San Diego, CA.
Simpao A. Social media and information technology in anesthesia. Presented at: SPA Annual Meeting Social Media Workshop; 2014 Mar; Ft. Lauderdale, FL.
Simpao A. Mobile apps for perioperative critical event preparedness and management. Presented at: ASA Annual Meeting, STA Subspecialty Panel; 2014 Oct; New Orleans, LA.
Simpao A. A visual analytics antibiogram dashboard as part of a comprehensive approach to perioperative antibiotic administration. Presented at: American Medical Informatics Association Annual Symposium; 2014 Nov; Washington, DC.
Awards and Honors
2018, 10 Best Abstracts Award, European Society for Paediatric Anaesthesiology 10th Annual Congress, Brussels, Belgium
2015, Penn Anesthesiology CHOP Teacher of the Year
2013, Anesthesiology "Editor's Best Pick" for article on caudal epidural catheter migration
2011, Dr. Joseph Seltzer Award for Excellence in Anesthesiology
2011, Dr. Arthur B. Tarrow Award for Outstanding Resident Research
Editorial and Academic Positions
Associate Editorial Board, Anesthesiology
Social Media Editor, Anesthesiology
2018-Present, Pediatric Drugs
2018-present, Pediatric Anesthesia
2018-present, Pain Medicine
2018-present, A&A Practice
2017-present, BMJ Quality & Safety
2017-present, Methods of Information in Medicine
2017-present, Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
2016-present, British Journal of Anaesthesia
2016-present, Computers in Biology and Medicine
2016-present, Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association
2015-present, Journal of Medical Systems
2015-present, Applied Clinical Informatics
2015-present, Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
2014-present, Anesthesia & Analgesia
2014-present, Anesthesia & Analgesia Case Reports
2013-present, Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
2013-present, Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
2013-present, Journal of Neonatal-Perinatal Medicine
2012-present, Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Leadership and Memberships
Memberships in Professional Organizations
Society for Technology in Anesthesia
- 2017-2019, Treasurer, Society for Technology in Anesthesia.
Society for Pediatric Anesthesia
American Society of Anesthesiologists
International Anesthesia Research Society
Pennsylvania Society of Anesthesiologists
Patient Experience Ratings
About the Patient Experience Rating System
The Patient Experience Rating is an average of all responses to the care provider related questions shown above from our nationally-recognized Press Ganey Patient Satisfaction Survey. Patients that are treated in outpatient or hospital environments may receive different surveys, and the volume of responses will vary by question.
Responses are measured on a scale of 1 to 5 with 5 being the best score.
We are committed to true transparency. However, to ensure the comments are fair and correctly attributed, we review each one before posting to the website. We exclude entire comments that disclose patient's protected health information, are off-topic, or include other confidential or inappropriate content. Comments will appear on provider bios only if providers have a minimum number of comments.
Comments are shared internally for education purposes to ensure that we are doing our very best for the patients and families for whom we are privileged to care.
The comments are submitted by patients and families and reflect their views and opinions. The comments are not endorsed by and do not reflect the views of Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia.