Between 400,000 – 500,000 children are in foster care in the U.S. on any given day. Because children in foster care have a higher prevalence of physical, developmental, dental, and behavioral health conditions than any other group of children, the AAP has identified them as a population with special healthcare needs. Pediatric residents Drs. Zoe Bouchelle, Shari Gitlin, and Josh Sperling discuss the unique healthcare needs of children in foster care with Dr. Kristine Fortin, attending physician with Safe Place and the Center for Child Protection and Health at CHOP. Published August 2019.