Education and Training

Medical School

MD - Temple Univeristy School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA

Internship

Pediatrics - St. Christopher's Hospital for Children/Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA

Residency

Pediatrics - St. Christopher's Hospital for Children/Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA
Child Neurology - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

Fellowship

Clinical Neuro-Physiology, EEG and Epilepsy - The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, PA

Board Certification

Child Neurology
Epilepsy

Titles and Academic Titles

Attending Physician

Medical Director, Dietary Treatment Program

Associate Professor of Neurology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania

Departments and Services

Publications

Papers

2019

Marsh ED, Bergqvist AGC, Medne L, Haasoun P, Gonatas NK, Eagle RX, Viaene A, Rorke-Adams LB : Novel Neuropathological Features of a Child with an Epileptic Encephalopathy due to presumed Polyol Dysmetabolism. Journal of Pediatric Epilepsy January  2019.

2018

Zaman T, Helig I, Bozovic IB, DeBrosse S, Bergqvist AC, Medne L, Maver A, Helbig KL, Zang Xiahong, Goldberg EM.: "Mutations in SCN3A cause early infantile epileptic encephalopathy" Annals of Neurology 83(4): 703-717, April 2018.

2017

Carolien G. F. de Kovel, PhD1,2; Steffen Syrbe, MD, PhD3; Eva H. Brilstra, MD, PhD1;  Nienke Verbeek, MD, PhD1; Bronwyn Kerr, PhD4,5,6; Holly Dubbs, MD7; Allan Bayat, MD, PhD8; Sonal Desai, MGC, CGC9; Sakkubai Naidu, MD10,11; Siddharth Srivastava, MD12; Hande Cagaylan, MD13; Uluc Yis, MD, PhD14; Carol Saunders, PhD15,16,17; Martin Rook, PhD18; Susanna Plugge, MSc19; Hiltrud Muhle, MD20; Zaid Afawi, MD, PhD21; Karl-Martin Klein, MD, PhD22; Vijayakumar Jayaraman, MSc23; Ramakrishnan Rajagopalan, PhD23; Ethan Goldberg, MD, PhD7; Eric Marsh, MD, PhD7; Sudha Kessler, MD, MSCE7; Christina Bergqvist, MD7; Laura K. Conlin, PhD23; Bryan L. Krok, PhD23; Isabelle Thiffault, PhD15,16; Manuela Pendziwiat, MSc20; Ingo Helbig, MD7,24; Tilman Polster, MD, PhD25; Ingo Borggraefe, MD, PhD26; Johannes R. Lemke, MD, PhD27; Marie-José van den Boogaardt, MD, PhD1; Rikke S. Møller, MSc, PhD8,28; Bobby P. C. Koeleman, PhD1: "Neurodevelopmental Disorders Caused by De Novo Variants in KCNB1 Genotypes and Phenotypes" JAMA Neurol 74(10): 1228-1236, October  2017.

Masnada, Silvia; Hedrich, Ulrike BS; Gardella, Elena; Schubert, Julian; Kaiwar, Charu; Klee, Eric W; Lanpher, Brendan C; Gavrilova, Ralitza H; Synofzik, Matthis; Bast, Thomas; Gorman, Kathleen; King, Mary D; Allen, Nicholas M; Conroy, Judith; Zeev, Bruria Ben; Tzadok, Michal; Korff, Christian; Dubois, Fanny; Ramsey, Keri; Narayanan, Vinodh; Serratosa, Jose M; Giraldez, Beatriz G; Helbig, Ingo; Marsh, Eric; O'Brian Margaret; Bergqvist, Christina A; Binelli, Adrian; Porter, Brenda; Caglayan, Hande S; Arslan, Muluay; Pena, Sergio D.J; Sisodiya, Sanjay M; Balestrini, Simona; Syrbe, Steffen; Veggiotti, Pierangelo; Lemke, Johannes R; Moller, Rikke S; Lerche, Holger and Guido Rubboli: "Clinical spectrum and genotype-phenotype associations of KCNA2-related encephalopathies" Brain. Oxford University Press, 140(9): 2337-2354, September 2017.

2015

Groveman S, Fenton C,  Randall R, Chee C, Bergqvist AGC : "Improved lipid profile with ketocal® 4:1 liquid" Infant Child & Adolescent Nutrition 7(3): 157-161, June 2015.

Fenton C, Groveman S, Chee C, AGC Bergqvist : "Use of Expressed Breast Milk with the Ketogenic Diet" Infant, Child & Adolescent Nutrition 7(6): 342-346, June  2015.

2014

Groleau V,Schall J, Stallings V, Bergqvist AGC : "Long Term Impact of Ketogenic Diet on Growth and Resting Energy Expenditure in Children with Intractable Epilepsy" Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 56(9): 898-904, September 2014 Notes: doi: 10.1111/dmcn.12462. [Epub ahead of print).

Li H, Jauregui J ,Fenton C, Chee C, Bergqvist AGC: "Epilepsy Treatment Simplified through Mobile Ketogenic Diet Planning" Journal of Medical Application 3(2): 11-15, July 2014.

Taub K, Kilaru-Kessler S, Bergqvist AGC: "Risk of Seizure Recurrence After Achieving Initial Seizure Freedom on the Ketogenic Diet" Epilepsia 55(4): 579-83, April 2014 Notes: published ahead on line doi: 10.1111/epi.12583. Epub 2014 Mar 27.    

2011

Kilaru Kessler S, Gallagher PG, Shellhaas RA, Clancy RR, Bergqvist AGC: "Early EEG improvement after ketogenic diet initiation" Epilepsy Research. Elsevier, 94((1-2)): 94-101, March 2011 Notes: Accepted Jan 2011, online Feb 2011.

2009

Fenton,C., Chee, C.M., Bergqvist, A.G.C: "Manipulation of types of fats and cholesterol intake can successfully improve the lipid profile while maintaining the efficacy of the ketogenic diet" Infant, Child and Adolescent Nutrition 1(6): 338-341, December 2009 Notes: Accepted for publication October 12, 2009.

2008

Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Stallings VA, Zemel BS: "Progressive bone mineral content loss in children with intractable epilepsy treated with the ketogenic diet." American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 88: 1678-84, December 2008 Notes: Accepted for publication August 30, 2008.

Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Trabulsi J, Stallings VA: "Growth failure in children with intractable epilepsy is not due to increased resting energy expenditure." Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology 50: 439-444, April 2008.

Caspari SS, Bergqvist AGC, Kotegal S, Strand EA. : "Obstructive sleep apnea, seizures, and childhood apraxia of speech."   Pediatric Neurology 38: 422-425, March 2008.

2007

Kilaru S, Bergqvist AGC: "Current treatment of Myoclonic Astatic Epilepsy: Clinical experience at the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia." Epilepsia 48(9): 1-5, September 2007.

Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Richard EL, Gallagher PR, Stallings VA: "Predictive power of first morning glucose and the ketogenic diet." Neuropediatrics 38: 193-196, September 2007.

Volpe S, Schall JI, Gallagher MA, Stallings VA, Bergqvist AGC: "Nutrient intake of children with intractable epilepsy compared with healthy children." Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 107(6): 1014-1018, June 2007.

Kossoff EH, Pyzik PL, Rubenstein JE, Bergqvist AGC, Buchhalter JR, Donner EJ, Nordli DR, Wheless JR: "Combined ketogenic diet and vagus nerve stimulation: Rational polytherapy?" Epilepsia 48(1): 77-81, January 2007.

Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Stallings VA: "Vitamin D status in children with intractable epilepsy, and impact of the ketogenic diet." Epilepsia 48(1): 66-71, January 2007.

2005

Bergqvist AGC, Schall JI, Gallagher PR, Cnaan A, and Stallings VA: "Fasting versus gradual initiation of the ketogenic diet: A prospective randomized, clinical trial of efficacy." Epilepsia 46(11): 1810-1819, November 2005.

2004

Farina L, Bergqvist AGC, Zimmerman RA, Haselgrove J, Hunter JV, Bilaniuk LT: "Acute diffusion abnormalities in the hippocampus of children with new-onset of seizures; The development of mesial temporal sclerosis." Neuroradiology 46(4): 251-257, April 2004.

2003

Wang ZJ, Bergqvist AGC, Hunter JV, Jin D, Wang DJ, Wehrli S, Zimmerman RA: "In vivo measurement of brain metabolites using two-dimensional double-quantum MR Spectroscopy-exploration of GABA levels in a ketogenic diet." Magnetic Resonance in Medicine 49(4): 615-619, April 2003.

1998

Bergqvist AGC.  : "Side Effects of Epilepsy."  Epilepsy Quarterly 6(1): 4,11-12, Spring 1998.

Abstracts

2018

J.N. Brenton, B. Banwell, A.G.C. Bergqvist, D. Lehner-Gulotta, E. Leytham, M. Goldman : Application of a Modified Ketogenic Diet in Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis: A Pilot Study  European Committee for Treatment and Research in Multiple Sclerosis Berlin, Germany. ECTRIM, October 10-12 2018.

Groveman S, Fenton C, Chee C, Vondran P, Walker M, Tefft T, Grimberg A, Bergqvist AGC: The use of growth hormone in children on the ketogenic diet; A case series. The 6th Global Symposium on Ketogenic Therapies for Neurological Disorders, Jeju Korea October  2018.

Books

Translated by McDowell P, Rodriguez M: Ketogenic Diet Manual, Fifth Edition, translated in Spanish. CHOP KD program. CHOP, July  2017.

Bergqvist AGC, Bulgun CA, Tuttle A, Mulliken L, Chee CM: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Ketogenic Diet Manual and Exchanges System, Third Edition. CHOP Division of Neurology January  2009.

Bergqvist AGC, Bulgun CA, Tuttle A, Chee CM: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Ketogenic Diet Manual and Exchange System, Second Edition. CHOP Division of Neurology December 2006.

Bergqvist AGC, Bettler J, Chee CM: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Ketogenic Diet Manual and Exchange System, Version 1.5. CHOP Division of Neurology July 2004.

Bergqvist AGC, Bettler J, Chee CM: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Ketogenic Diet Manual and Exchange System, First Edition. CHOP Division of Neurology December 2001.

Chapters

2017

Bergqvist, AGC, MD; Fenton, C, RD, CSP, LDN; Groveman, S, MS, RD, LDN; Tefft, S, RN, Conteh, H, BS, Sheen, J, BS, Vondran, P, BS; Chee, C, RN.: "Ketogenic Diet Manual, Fifth Edition" CHOP. CHOP, Dietary Treatment Program of Epilepsy and Neurological Disorders Page: 1-85, February 2017 Notes: Education material for families in our program.

2014

Dlugos D,Bergqvist AGC, Clancy R, Nordli D : "Pediatric and neonatal electroencephalography"  Current Practice in Clinical Electroencephalography 4th Edition. Ebersole, Nordli and Husain (eds.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Page: 125-213, June 2014.

2013

Bergqvist, Christina, MD; Fenton, Cagla, RD, LDN;Tuttle, Alan MSW,LCSM; Mullikin, Lisa, MSS,LSW; Chee, Claire, RN: Ketogenic Diet Manual, Fourth Edition. The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. CHOP, Page: 1-76, April 2013.

2012

Bergqvist, AGC: "Dietary therapies and bone health"  Dietary treatment of epilepsy: Practical implementation of ketogenic therapy. Neal, E (eds.). Wiley-Blackwell, Page: 159-166, 2012.

2011

Bergqvist, AGC: Dietary therapies and bone health Dietary treatment of epilepsy. Neal, E (eds.). Wiley-Blackwell, 2011.

2008

Bergqvist AGC: "Encephalitis" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult, Fifth Edition. Schwartz MW (eds.). Williams & Wilkins, Page: 296-297, 2008.

Bergqvist AGC: "Myoclonic-Astatic Epilepsy or Doose Syndrome". Pediatric Epilepsy Case Studies: From Infancy and Childhood through Adolescence Chapman K, and Rho J (eds.). CRC Press, Page: 231-39, September 2008 Notes: First Edition.

2005

Bergqvist AGC: "Tics" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult, Fourth Edition. Schwartz MW (eds.). Williams & Wilkins, Page: 844-845, 2005.

Bergqvist AGC: "Encephalitis" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult, Fourth Edition. Schwartz MW (eds.). Williams & Wilkins, Page: 352-353, 2005.

2004

Bergqvist AGC: "Indications and Contraindications of the Ketogenic Diet." In: Epilepsy and the Ketogenic Diet. Stafstrom, CE, and Rho JM (eds.). Humana Press, Inc. Page: 111-121, 2004.

2003

Clancy RR, Bergqvist AGC, Dlugos D: "Neonatal Electro Encephalography" In: Current Practice of Clinical Electroencephalography, Third Edition. Ebersole JS, and Pedley TA (eds.). Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Page: 160-234, 2003.

Bergqvist AGC, Clancy RR: "Infarctions and Stroke in the Fetus and Neonates and Neonatal Seizures." In: Fetal and Neonatal Secrets. Hanley & Belfus (eds.). 2003.

Bergqvist AGC: "Encephalitis" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult, Third Edition. Schwartz MW (eds.). Williams & Wilkins, Page: 344-345, 2003.

Bergqvist AGC: "Tics" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult, Third Edition. Schwartz MW (eds.). Williams & Wilkins, Page: 822-823, 2003.

2000

Bergqvist AGC: "Encephalitis" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult, Second Edition Schwartz MW (eds.). William & Wilkins Page: 344-345, 2000.

Bergqvist AGC: "Tics" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult, Second Edition. Schwartz MW (eds.). William & Wilkins Page: 814-815, 2000.

1998

Lynch D, Bergqvist AGC: "Acute Ataxia" In: Gellis & Kagan's Current Pediatric Therapy 16. Burg FD (eds.). WB Saunders, Page: 447-449, 1998.

Bergqvist AGC, Lynch DR: "Movement Disorders" In: Gellis & Kagan's Current Pediatric Therapy 16. Burg FD (eds.). WB Saunders, Page: 455-459, 1998.

Bergqvist AGC, Lynch D: "Pediatric Movement Disorders" Gellis & Kagan's Current Pediatric Therapy 16. Burg. WB Saunders (eds.). Page: 455-459, 1998.

1997

Bergqvist AGC: "Tics (movement disorder)" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult Schwartz MW (eds.). William & Wilkins, Page: 60-61, 1997.

Bergqvist AGC: "Encephalitis" In: The 5-minute Pediatric Consult Schwartz MW (eds.). William & Wilkins, Page: 308-309, 1997.

Books

2009

Bergqvist AGC, Bulgun CA, Tuttle A, Mulliken L, Chee CM: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Ketogenic Diet Manual and Exchanges System, Third Edition. CHOP Division of Neurology January 2009.

2006

Bergqvist AGC, Bulgun CA, Tuttle A, Chee CM: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Ketogenic Diet Manual and Exchange System, Second Edition. CHOP Division of Neurology December 2006.

2004

Bergqvist AGC, Bettler J, Chee CM: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Ketogenic Diet Manual and Exchange System, Version 1.5. CHOP Division of Neurology July 2004.

2001

Bergqvist AGC, Bettler J, Chee CM: The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia Ketogenic Diet Manual and Exchange System, First Edition. CHOP Division of Neurology December 2001.

Posters and Presentations

Invited Lectures

2018

Bergqvist AGC. "Dravet Syndrome and use of ketogenic diet(s)" 6th Global symposium on ketogenic therapies for neurological disorders, Jeju, Korea. Oct 2018.

Bergqvist AGC. "2018-Ketogenic diet(s)", "How do we approach Treatment Resistant Infantile Spasms" and " Management of the Ketogenic diet(s)" South American League Against Epilepsy, San Paulo, Brazil. Jun 2018.

Bergqvist AGC. "Ketogenic diet therapies", Stromstad Academy, Stromstad Sweden. Jun 2018.

2017

Bergqvist AGC."When standard treatments fail" infantile spasms, Pediatric State of the Art Symposium, American Epilepsy Society, Washington DC. Dec 2017.

Bergqvist AGC. "Dietary therapies for Dravet Syndrome", Dravet Syndrome Foundation Northeast Chapter, Langhorne, PA. Oct 2017.

Bergqvist AGC. "Dietary Therapies State of the Art 2017" and "Clinical considerations, patient cases"  Nordic Keto meeting, Queen Silvia's Children's Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden. Sep 2017.

Bergqvist AGC. "Clinical management of Epilepsy; News and Future Developments" Danone (Nutricia), Utrecht, Netherlands. Jul 2017.

Bergqvist AGC. "Epilepsy and ketogenic diet; current clinical challenges in patient management" Danone (Nutricia), Utrecht, Netherlands. Jul 2017.

Bergqvist AGC. "Side Effects of Ketogenic Diet(s)", Keto University- Nutricia, Chicago, Ill. Jun 2017.

Awards and Honors

  • 2018, Fellow of Strömstads Academy, Strömstad, Sweden
  • 2015, CHOP clinical lab week award and fundraiser
  • 2013-2015, "Top Doctors in Philly", Philadelphia Magazine
  • 2013, "Mentor Award" from Claremont Graduate University
  • 2013, Nations First Ketogenic Diet Kitchen, opened at CHOP
  • 2006, Resident's Award for Excellence in Teaching
  • 2004, Excellence in Pediatric Epilepsy Research, American Epilepsy Society Meeting
  • 1997, National EpiFellows Foundation Award
  • 1997, Zeritsky Presentation Award for Senior Neurology Resident Research Project
  • 1997, One in a Thousand Award, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia

Editorial and Academic Positions

Editorial

2007-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer /Developmental Medicine & Child Neurology
2007-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer/Pediatrics
2007-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer/Neurology
2007-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer/Epilepsy Research
2006-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer/Journal of Pediatrics
2006-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer/Neuropediatrics
2002-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer/Annals of Neurology
2001-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer/Neurology
2000-present, Ad Hoc Reviewer/Epilepsia

Academic and Institutional Committees:

2005-present, Rounding Committee
2004-present, General Clinical Research Centers Advisory Committee/CTRC
2000-present, Neurology Residency Selection Committee

Leadership and Memberships

Memberships in Professional Organizations

  • 2008-present, The Charlie Foundation
    • 2008-present, Scientific Board Member
  • 2005-present, American Society for Bone Mineral Research
  • 2004-present, Society for Pediatric Research
  • 1997-present, American Epilepsy Society
  • 1997-present, American Child Neurology Society
  • 1996-present, American Academy of Neurology
  • 1992-present, American Academy of Pediatrics